Skip to main content
Library homepage
 
Social Sci LibreTexts

6.11: Chapter Glossary and References

  • Page ID
    103145
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)\(\newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    Chapter Glossary of Key Terms

    Animism - Is the belief that all natural objects, the universe and important natural events all possess an individual spirit.

    Ayahuasca - A traditional South American plant mixture made from the Banisteriopsis caapi vine combined with a variety of DMT containing plants, which is capable of producing altered states of consciousness.

    Ideology - A system of ideas and ideals or manner of thinking which are characteristics of a group, social class, or individual.

    Doctrine - belief or set of beliefs held and taught by a church, political party, or other group.

    Myth - a commonly held but false belief; misconception. "Product of a man's emotion and imagination, acted upon by his surroundings." -E. Clodd, Myths and Dreams (1885)

    Similarity Magic (Imitative Magic) - magic in which an object, act, etc. that is similar to a desired goal can be used to influence the outcome.

    Peyote - A rare cactus found in Mexico containing the chemical mescaline which induces hallucinogenic experiences if ingested properly. Peyote has historically been ritualistically used in many indigenous cultures.

    Exclusivism - This is the view that ones own religion is inerrant and all others are in error.

    Anthropomorphism - Giving animals, plants, and other non-living objects human traits and personality. For example, how people say that plants are happy to be watered yet show no emotion, people would give traits that are exclusively human to things that are not human.

    Canonization - the act when a Christian church declares that a person who has died was a saint, and said person is added to the list of recognized saints after an investigation of two miracles (one during the person’s life and the second after their death)

    Rite of Passage - A life cycle ritual that marks a person's transition from one social state to another

    Unity of Consciousness - The belief that you and a supernatural power are united in some symbolic way. 

    Spirituality - The quality or fact of relating to the spirit or soul; being spiritual

    Shaman - a person regarded as having access to, and influence in, the world of good and evil spirits

    Contagious Magic - The idea that any item that once was connected to a person’s body is still linked to them, so you can affect the person by effecting an item that was once connected to that person.

    References

    1. p. 217 Schultz & Lavenda

    2. Cultural Anthropology: Asking Questions About Humanity, Oxford University Press, 2015.

    3. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/dualism/

    4. William Harris Middlebury College. http://community.middlebury.edu/~harris/SubIndex/greekmyth.html

    5. Encyclopedia Brittanica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/600496/totemism

    6. http://www.touregypt.net/godsofegypt/horus.htm

    7. Cotterell 2000

    8. Kappler http://digital.library.okstate.edu/KAPPLER/Vol2/Toc.htm

    9. Coleman, John A. S.J. "Conclusion: after sainthood", in Hawley, John Stratton, ed. Saints and Virtues Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987. pp 214-217

    10. Schultz, Emily A., and Robert H. Lavenda. Cultural Anthropology. 7th ed. New York: Oxford P, 2009.

    11. Schultz 2009, 213

    12. Schultz 2009, 212

    13. Furst, 2003, 18-24

    14. Linton, Ralph and Adelin Linton 1950 Halloween through twenty centuries New York, Schuman |http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/850555?tab=details

    15. http://www.trinity.edu/org/tricksters/trixway/current/Vol%201/Vol%201_1/Tstocker.html

    16. Fadiman, Anne. The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down: A Hmong Child, Her American Doctors, and the Collision of Two Cultures. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1997. Print.

    17. [1], Ember, Carol R., Christina Carolus. 2017. “Altered States of Consciousness” in C. R. Ember, ed. Explaining Human Culture. Human Relations Area Files http://hraf.yale.edu/ehc/summaries/altered-states-of-consciousness.

    18. [2], Ember, Carol R., Christina Carolus. 2017. “Altered States of Consciousness” in C. R. Ember, ed. Explaining Human Culture. Human Relations Area Files http://hraf.yale.edu/ehc/summaries/altered-states-of-consciousness.

    19. The camphor flame By Christopher John Fuller

    20. Kasulis, Thomas P.; Aimes, Roger T.; Dissanayake, Wimal (1993). Self as Body in Asian Theory and Practice. State University of New York Press. 104. ISBN 079141079X.

    21. Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. Buddhism.http://www.religioustolerance.org/buddhism.htm

    22. Dr. C. George Boeree, Shippensburg University, Introduction to Buddhism.http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/buddhaintro.html

    23. Dr. C. George Boeree, Shippensburg University, Introduction to Buddhism.http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/buddhaintro.html

    24. Dr. C. George Boeree, Shippensburg University, Introduction to Buddhism.http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/buddhaintro.html

    25. http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/buddhistworld/about-pilgrim.htm

    26. B.A Robinson. http://www.religioustolerance.org/buddhism.htm

    27. Hall, Alana. Japanese/Chinese language student, 3rd Year.

    28. A.C. Underwood, Shintoism: The Indigenous Religion of Japan

    29. McBennett, Mark. "Shinto." JapanZone. Japan Zone. 29 Apr 2009 <http://www.japan-zone.com/omnibus/shinto.shtml>.

    30. Authors, Contributors. "Belief and Practice." Encyclopedia of Shinto. 2006. Kokugakuin University. 29 Apr 2009 <http://eos.kokugakuin.ac.jp/modules/xwords/>.

    31. http://www.adherents.com/largecom/com_judaism.html

    32. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/holiday4.html

    33. Folk, Holly. "Introduction to Religious Studies." Western Washington University, Bellingham. apr 2009. Performance.

    34. http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/04/02/397042004/muslim-population-will-surpass-christians-this-century-pew-says

    35. Brown, Lindsey Personal experience learned from attending Sunday school during grade school.

    36. Amplified Bible. http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=matthew%205:17-48

    37. http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Romans%2013:10;&version=45;

    38. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-21443313

    39. Kennedy, Kathleen. "Protestantism." Protestatism. Western Washington University, Bellingham. Jan. 2009.

    40. Encyclopædia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/24861/Anglicanism

    41. David Lloyd. I was part of the Episcopal Diocese of Olympia for 18 years.

    42. Aziz Sheikh, Radcliff Publishing 2000. http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=JQwlR3tu3LYC&oi=fnd&pg=PA17&dq=pillars+islam+shahada&ots=iUBDOQbYbE&sig=N17_aO1Vpe4viQIjF6COtsdo4pw#PPA18,M1

    43. Rippin, Andrew, and Jan Knappert. Textual Sources for the Study of Islam. 1990 ed. Chicago: Chicago Press, 1986. Print.

    44. Esposito, John L. Islam: The Straight Path. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print.

    45. B.A. Robinson. http://www.religioustolerance.org/agnostic.htm

    46. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/9356/agnosticism

    47. http://www.allaboutphilosophy.org/agnostic-religion-faq.htm

    48. The Jonestown Massacre - http://www.huffingtonpost.com/adst/the-jonestown-massacre_b_8592338.html

    49. Perkins, Rodney.(1997) Cosmic Suicide: The Tragedy and Transcendence of Heaven's Gate

    Wigoder, Geoffrey. "Mourning."The New Encyclopedia of Judaism. 2nd ed. New York University Press. 2002.

    Turpin, Solvieg A. 1994 Shamanism and Rock Art in North America. TX. University of Texas at Austin. p. 9-24

    Turpin, Solvieg A. 1994 Shamanism and Rock Art in North America. TX. University of Texas at Austin. p. 5

    Turpin, Solvieg A. 1994 Shamanism and Rock Art in North America. TX. University of Texas at Austin p. 4

    Schultz, Emily A. and Lavenda, Robert H. 2009 Cultural Anthropology: A Perspective on the Human Condition. 7th Edition. NY. Oxford University Press. p. 211

    “Hajj.” The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. New York: Columbia University Press, 2001–07. www.bartleby.com/65/. February 19, 2009.

    "pilgrimage." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 19 Feb. 2009

    Colin Wilson. 1996. Atlas of Holy Places & Sacred Sites. DK Adult. p. 29.

    Karen Armstrong (2000,2002). Islam: A Short History. pp. 10–12.

    "Muhammad." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 19 Feb. 2009

    Clarifying Christianity; What is Baptism? 1998. 19 Feb. 2009 <http://www.clarifyingchristianity.com/get_wet.shtml>

    Fairchild, Mary. “What is Communion and Why Do Christians Observe Communion?”

    Emperor Constantine. 19 Feb. 2009 <http://www.earlychurch.org.uk/constantine.php>

    The Christian Empire: 313-476. United Methodist Women in Worship. 19 Feb. 2009 <http://gbgm-umc.org/UMW/bible/cea.stm>

    Cole, Ethan. “China’s Crackdown on Christians Worsens”. The Christian Post 7 Feb. 2007. Feb 19 2007http://www.christianpost.com/Intl/Persecution/2008/02/china-s-crackdown-on-christians-worsens-07/index.html

    "Anubis," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2008 <http://encarta.msn.com> © 1997-2008 Microsoft Corporation.

    Scott, David. "Anubis". InterCity Oz. Inc. © 2000-2004. Feb 26 <http://www.touregypt.net/godsofegypt/anubis.htm>

    Whitney. "Egyptian Afterlife". Hubpages Inc, © 2009. Feb 26 <http://hubpages.com/hub/Egyptian-Mythology-Afterlife>

    Meyerhoff, Barbara, Linda A. Camino and Edith Turner. Rites of Passage...An Overview. In Encyclopedia of Religion. Edited by Mircea Eliade, Vol. 12. 380-387.

    Sanyika, Dadisi. Gang Rites and Rituals of Initiation. In Crossroads: The Quest for Contemporary Rights of Passage. Edited by Mahdi, Louis Carus, Nancy Gever Christopher and Michael Meade. La Salle, IL. Open Court. 1996

    Cotterell, Arthur 2000. Myths & Legends. London: Marshall Editions Ltd.

    Frazer, James 2003 Golden Bough: A Study in "Magic and Religion" Kessinger Publishing

    Kessler, Gary (2007). Voices of Wisdom: A Multicultural Philosophy Reader. Sixth Edition. pp. 30–36

    Gautama Siddhartha, March 4, 2009

    http://www.answers.com/topic/anthropomorphism

    Wenner, Sara. “Basic Beliefs of Islam.” Minnesota State University: Mankato. 2001. 28 Feb. 2009 < http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/religion/islam/beliefs.html>.

    “Islam.” Gale Virtual Reference Library. 2007. 5 Mar. 2009 <http://go.galegroup.com>.

    Sherman, Daniel (2008). "Pastor Qualifications." <http://www.my-pastor.com/pastor-qualifications.html> (March 8, 2009)

    James, Paul E. "Ritual And Religion." Anthropology 201. Western Washington University, Bellingham. 2009.

    Hefner, Alan; Guimaraes,Virgilio. "Animism" March 5, 2008 <http://www.themystica.com/mystica/articles/a/animism.htm>

    Harvey, Graham. "Animism; Respecting the Living World" 2006. New York: Columbia University Press.

    Brown, Karen MacCarthy. "Mama Lola: A Vodou Priestess in Brooklyn" 1991, University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, California.

    Henderson, Bobby. "Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster" 9 Mar 2009 <http://www.venganza.org>

    "Flying Spaghetti Monster" 9 Mar 2009

    "Anthropology of religion: Common elements of religion." Palomar College. Palomar College. 8 Mar 2009 <http://anthro.palomar.edu/religion/rel_2.htm>.

    "Agnostics and Agnosticism:Uncertainty about whether God exists." Religious Tolerance. Religious Tolerance. 9 Mar 2009 <http://www.religioustolerance.org/agnostic.htm>

    <ref>Religions of the Ancient world https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=uvtebmqZZDYC&oi=fnd&pg=PA17&dq=monotheism+and+polytheism&ots=SUpIYAfZ0K&sig=D_8U8IG0P2Abad16vVSkVfMMf2U#v=onepage&q=monotheism%20and%20polytheism&f=false<ref>

    1. Fadiman, Anne. The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down: A Hmong Child, Her American Doctors, and the Collision of Two Cultures. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1997. Print.


    This page titled 6.11: Chapter Glossary and References is shared under a CC BY-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Wikibooks - Cultural Anthropology (Wikibooks) .

    • Was this article helpful?