1. What does it mean to say that Linguistics is a science?
- The field consists of a set of true facts that can be proven objectively.
- The field uses the scientific method to determine objective rankings of language quality.
- The field uses empirical observations to develop theories of language behaviour.
2. Each of the following sentences represents something someone might say about language. Which of them illustrates a descriptive view of language?
- The use of quotative like in sentences such as, “She was like, I can’t believe you did that!” began to enter Canadian English with the generation of speakers born in 1971.
- The song “I can’t get no satisfaction” should really mean that “I can get some satisfaction” because two negatives always make a positive.
- In a phrase like, “the people who the bride invited to the wedding,” it’s proper to use whom rather than who.
3. Which of the following kinds of data would a linguist be likely to observe?
- Which method is most effective to help a child stop stuttering.
- Whether Korean includes tones that change the meaning of words.
- How many undergraduates can correctly use the words affect and effect in their essays.
- If second-language speakers can pronounce English words correctly.