Schemas and Semantic Roles
Identify the semantic role of each noun phrase in bold in the following sentences. Choose from the following set: AGENT, PATIENT, EXPERIENCER, THEME, RECIPIENT, SOURCE, GOAL, PATH, INSTRUMENT, LOCATION, TIME, CAUSER, BENEFICIARY. If you're not sure, you can say that the role is a blend of two roles.
The calendar fell off the wall.
the calendar: PATIENT, the wall: SOURCE.
- She wants the job. EXP, THM
- He got fired. PAT
- She tickled him with a feather. AGT, PAT, INS
- The rock was rolling down the mountain. PAT, PTH
- I have forgotten your name. EXP, THM
- You put chile in this dish? I don't taste it. AGT, PAT, GOL, EXP, THM
- That cheese stinks. THM
- A cache of weapons was seized by the FBI on Thursday. PAT, AGT, TIM
- He was awarded one thousand dollars. REC, PAT
- She always amazes me. THM, EXP
- He loaded hay on the truck. AGT, PAT, GOL
- Bill borrowed a book from Sarah, and he returned it to her right away.AGT/REC, PAT, SRC, AGT/SRC, PAT, REC
- He caught a cold. PAT, THM
- She said only three words. AGT, PAT
- She hung the painting on the wall for him. AGT, PAT, GOL, BEN
- She got her hair cut at Mabel's. CSR, PAT, LOC
- Yikes! I feel something crawling up my back. EXP, THM
For each sentence or group of sentences for a given verb (shown in bold), write the mapping(s) of syntactic and semantic roles.
- Clark lent a book to Lois.
- Clark lent Lois a book.
- subject: AGENT/SOURCE, direct object: PATIENT, object of to: RECIPIENT
- subject: AGENT/SOURCE, direct object: PATIENT, indirect object: RECIPIENT
- Clark disgusts Lois.
subject: THEME, direct object: EXPERIENCER
- Clark admires Lois.
subject: EXPERIENCER, direct object: THEME
- Clark emailed Lois.
subject: AGENT, SOURCE; direct object: RECIPIENT
- The wood burned.
- Jimmy burned the wood.
- subject: PATIENT
- subject: AGENT, direct object: PATIENT
- This shirt smells.
- I smell something weird. (I wonder what it is.)
- Would you please smell this milk? (I think it might be bad.)
- subject: THEME
- subject: EXPERIENCER, direct object: THEME
- subject: AGENT, direct object: THEME
Recall from the book (1) that in Japanese the verb comes last in the sentence, (2) that the NOMINATIVE case marker ga marks the subject in a Japanese sentence, and (3) that Japanese has postpositions instead of prepositions.
|'Clark understands that book.'|
subject: THEME, object of ni: EXPERIENCER