|The Linguistic Perspective
- The study of the mechanics of language.
- e.g., final –s with 3rd person verbs in English. It marks the 3rd person.
- e.g., word order in a sentence
- e.g., how do we produce sounds, and how do sounds affect meaning?
|The Ethnolinguistic Perspective (linguistic anthropology)
- The various uses of language in different cultures, and what type of language is needed to function appropriately in a given culture.
- What kind of language you need to know to function in society (means the anthropologist needs to also study the culture of a society).
- e.g., honorifics in Japanese culture
- e.g., what does one have to do or say to apologize or make a request politely in a given community?
|The Sociolinguistic Perspective
- The study of language use (i.e., variations in usage) amongst different groups of people. Linguistic characteristics in relation to specific social groups
- e.g., rising intonation in American women
- e.g., final –r dropped in African American vernacular English, ...