Abstract Word: Words that refer to ideas or concepts that are removed from material reality.
Axiology: A part of worldview; refers to an individual or group’s value system.
Channel: The means through which the message travels.
Communicator: The people in the interaction or speech setting who encode and decode messages simultaneously.
Concrete Word: A word that describes a tangible object that can be perceived through the senses.
Context: The communication rules that govern different physical settings and/or different types of relationships.
Cosmology: A part of worldview; refers to the way individuals and groups see themselves in relation to other people and their view of their place in the universe.
Cultural Noise: Differences in worldview that cause message interference.
Decoding: The process of listening to words and interpreting the words so they are associated with a mental image.
Encoding: The process of taking a mental image, associating the image with words, and then speaking those words.
Epistemology: A part of worldview; refers to the way an individual or group acquires knowledge or what counts as knowledge.
Listening: The psychological process of interpreting and making sense of the messages we receive.
Message: The words, nonverbal behavior, or other signals transmitted from one person to another.
Noise: Any thing that interferes with the message transmission or the encoding and decoding process.
Nonverbal Behavior: All of the messages we send --- except for the words we say. Can include appearance, eye behavior, kinesics (body movement), proxemics (use of space), touch, time, and smell.
Norms: The verbal and nonverbal rules (usually unspoken) that govern communicative behavior.
Ontology: A part of worldview; refers to an individual’s or group’s belief system.
Praxeology: A part of worldview; refers to the way an individual or group goes about tasks or solving problems.
Psychological Noise: Message interference that results from disturbed or excited mental states.
Physiological Noise: Message interference that results from bodily discomfort.
Physical Noise: Message interference that results when the noise level (as measured in decibels) makes it difficult to hear a message.
Public Speaking: The act of delivering a speech in front of a live audience.
Worldview: The overall framework through which an individual sees, thinks about, and interprets the world and interacts with it.