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Social Sci LibreTexts

2.1: Introducing the Realm

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  • Learning Objectives

    1. Describe the various climate types and physical landforms of the European continent.
    2. Explain how Europe’s physical geography has supported its development.
    3. List Europe’s various natural resources.
    4. Summarize the environmental concerns Europe faces.

    From the Roman Empire to the European Union (EU), Europe’s historical pattern of development is a model study in regional geography. From historic empires to diverse nation-states to a multicountry union, the continent struggles to confront the cultural forces that unite and divide it. The powerful impact European colonialism has had on the world since the Industrial Revolution is still felt today. The rural-to-urban shift prompted by the Industrial Revolution first impacted Europe and continues to impact developing countries. Understanding the geographic region of Europe is essential to understanding our world. This short summary of the basic concepts will provide a valuable lesson in globalization, which affects every human being on the planet. The concepts and principles that apply to Europe can also apply to other countries and regions.

    Figure 2.1 Map of Europe


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