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9.1: Social and Emotional Milestones

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    That expanding understanding of themselves and others develops with age. Here is a table of social and emotional milestones that children typically experience during early childhood.

    Table \(\PageIndex{1}\): Social and Emotional Milestones (Developmental Milestones by the CDC is in the public domain)
    Typical Age What Most Children Do by This Age
    3 years
    • Copies adults and friends
    • Shows affection for friends without prompting
    • Takes turns in games
    • Shows concern for a crying friend
    • Dresses and undresses self
    • Understands the idea of “mine” and “his” or “hers”
    • Shows a wide range of emotions
    • Separates easily from mom and dad
    • May get upset with major changes in routine
    4 years
    • Enjoys doing new things
    • Is more and more creative with make-believe play
    • Would rather play with other children than by self
    • Cooperates with other children
    • Plays “mom” or “dad”
    • Often can’t tell what’s real and what’s make-believe
    • Talks about what she likes and what she is interested in
    5 years
    • Wants to please friends
    • Wants to be like friends
    • More likely to agree with rules
    • Likes to sing, dance, and act
    • Is aware of gender
    • Can tell what’s real and what’s make-believe
    • Shows more independence
    • Is sometimes demanding and sometimes very cooperative

    Many things influence how children develop those milestones as how they view themselves and how they interact with those around them changes. Let’s look more at these.

    This page titled 9.1: Social and Emotional Milestones is shared under a CC BY license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Paris, Ricardo, Raymond, & Johnson (College of the Canyons) .