Skip to main content
Social Sci LibreTexts

5.1: Introduction to Chapter 5

  • Page ID
    188765
    • Angela Blums & Sally Nyblad Holloway

    \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    ( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\)

    \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\)

    \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorA}[1]{\vec{#1}}      % arrow\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorAt}[1]{\vec{\text{#1}}}      % arrow\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorB}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorC}[1]{\textbf{#1}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorD}[1]{\overrightarrow{#1}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorDt}[1]{\overrightarrow{\text{#1}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectE}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash{\mathbf {#1}}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)

    clipboard_e722764530cd9aeb3a7f8864e02c6be20.png
    Image 5.1 Bubbles is licensed under CC by 1.0

    Key Points from this chapter

    • Young children’s development can be conceptualized in four main areas: physical, intellectual, emotional, and social.
    • Understanding how children develop is important to ensure healthy developmental progression.
    • While there are many commonalities, there are also individual and cultural differences in development such that development is not identical for each child.
    • High-quality classroom settings and practices should support individual and cultural developmental needs.

    Terminology Found Throughout this Chapter

    1. Atypical development: When a child does not develop in the way that is congruent with averages for a given age, causing a disturbance to everyday activities.
    2. Child development: The pattern of change that begins at conception and continues through adolescence.
    3. Culturally relevant pedagogy: The practice of including ideas and artifacts that refer to a child’s individual culture.
    4. Developmentally appropriate practice: Methods that promote each child’s optimal development and learning through a strengths-based, play-based approach to joyful, engaged learning.
    5. Developmental domains: Specific areas in which growth occurs – Physical, Cognitive, Emotional, and Social.
    6. Differentiation: The thoughtful practice of tailoring activities to meet children’s individual needs.
    7. Early childhood period: Ages birth through age eight.
    8. Executive function: Collection of processes that encompass attention, working memory, and inhibition.
    9. Fine motor skills: Movement related to small muscle groups in the body.
    10. Gross motor skills: Movement related to the large muscle groups in the body.
    11. Joint attention: The action of a child and a caregiver focusing on the same object or concept at the same time.
    12. Metacognition: Self-reflection; an ability to think about one’s own thoughts.
    13. Open-ended questions: Questions that do not have a yes or no answer.
    14. Separation anxiety: A fear of being separated from their primary caregiver.
    15. Temperament: An infant’s regular way of reacting with their environment.
    16. Toxic stress: Physical or emotional abuse, neglect, witnessing of physical or emotional abuse of another person, or extreme poverty.
    17. Typical development: When a child develops in the way that is congruent with averages for a given age.

    This page titled 5.1: Introduction to Chapter 5 is shared under a CC BY-SA license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Angela Blums & Sally Nyblad Holloway.