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12.10: Summary, Key Words and References

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    Chapter summary

    The purpose of classroom assessment can be assessment for learning or assessment of learning. Essential steps of assessment for learning include communicating instructional goals clearly to students; selecting appropriate high quality assessments that match the instructional goals and students' backgrounds; using assessments that enhance student motivation and confidence, adjusting instruction based on assessment, and communicating assessment results with parents and guardians. Action research can help teachers understand and improve their teaching. A number of questions are important to consider when devising grading systems.

    Key terms  
    Absence of bias Authentic assessment
    Action research Constructed response items
    Alternative assessment Evaluation
    Assessment Formative assessment
    Assessment for learning Formal assessment measurement
    Assessment of learning Informal assessment
    Performance assessment Selected response items
    Portfolios Summative assessment
    Reliability Validity


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