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1.12: Gender Timeline

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    Important Societal, Legislative and Judicial Gender-related Events in the U.S.

    1920 — 19th Amendment (women’s Suffrage Ratified)

    1941-1945 — World War II forces millions of women to enter the workforce

    1948 — Universal Declaration of Human Rights

    1963 — Congress passes Equal Pay Act

    1964 — Congress passes Civil Rights Act, which outlaws sex discrimination

    1969 — Stonewall riots in NYC, forcing gay rights into the American spotlight

    1972 –Congress passes Equal Rights Amendment; Title IX prohibits sex discrimination is schools and sports

    1973 — American Psychiatric Association removes homosexuality from the DSM

    1981 — First woman appointed to the US Supreme Court

    1987 — Average woman earned $0.68 for every $1.00 earned by a man

    1992 — World Health Organization no longer considers homosexuality an illness

    1993 — Supreme Court rules that sexual harassment in the workplace is illegal

    2011 — Don’t Ask Don’t Tell is repealed, allowing people who identify as gay serve openly in the US military

    2012 — President Barak Obama becomes the first American president to openly support LGBT rights and marriage equality

    2015 — Supreme Court in the Obergefell v. Hodges case struck down all state bans on same-sex marriage, legalizing it in all fifty states, and requiring states to honor out-of-state same-sex marriage licenses

    2022 — Supreme Court in the Dobbs v. Jackson case struck down Row v. Wade allowing individual States to determine abortion access

    Adapted from (Kang et al. 2017).

    This page titled 1.12: Gender Timeline is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Suzanne Valentine-French and Martha Lally via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.