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Social Sci LibreTexts

12.4: Schizophrenia: The Edge of Reality and Consciousness

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    Learning Objectives

    1. Categorize and describe the three major symptoms of schizophrenia.
    2. Differentiate the five types of schizophrenia and their characteristics.
    3. Identify the biological and social factors that increase the likelihood that a person will develop schizophrenia.

    The term schizophrenia, which in Greek means “split mind,” was first used to describe a psychological disorder by Eugen Bleuler (1857–1939), a Swiss psychiatrist who was studying patients who had very severe thought disorders. Schizophrenia is a serious psychological disorder marked by delusions, hallucinations, loss of contact with reality, inappropriate affect, disorganized speech, social withdrawal, and deterioration of adaptive behavior.


    Figure 12.14

    Schizophrenia awareness billboard

    People with schizophrenia may exhibit disorganized behavior, as this person does.

    Mark Turnauckas – Got Schizophrenia? – CC BY 2.0.