- Categorize and describe the three major symptoms of schizophrenia.
- Differentiate the five types of schizophrenia and their characteristics.
- Identify the biological and social factors that increase the likelihood that a person will develop schizophrenia.
The term schizophrenia, which in Greek means “split mind,” was first used to describe a psychological disorder by Eugen Bleuler (1857–1939), a Swiss psychiatrist who was studying patients who had very severe thought disorders. Schizophrenia is a serious psychological disorder marked by delusions, hallucinations, loss of contact with reality, inappropriate affect, disorganized speech, social withdrawal, and deterioration of adaptive behavior.