By Emily Hooker and Sarah Pressman
What Is Health Psychology?
Stress And Health
Protecting Our Health
Control and Self-Efficacy
Dispositions and Emotions: What’s Risky and What’s Protective?
The Importance Of Good Health Practices
Psychology And Medicine
Being A Health Psychologist
The Future Of Health Psychology
- App: 30 iPhone apps to monitor your health
- Quiz: Hostility
- Self-assessment: Perceived Stress Scale
- Self-assessment: What’s your real age (based on your health practices and risk factors)?
- Video: Try out a guided meditation exercise to reduce your stress
- Web: American Psychosomatic Society
- Web: APA Division 38, Health Psychology
- Web: Society of Behavioral Medicine
- In health, it is the ability of a patient to maintain a health behavior prescribed by a physician. This might include taking medication as prescribed, exercising more, or eating less high-fat food.
- Behavioral medicine
- A field similar to health psychology that integrates psychological factors (e.g., emotion, behavior, cognition, and social factors) in the treatment of disease. This applied field includes clinical areas of study, such as occupational therapy, hypnosis, rehabilitation or medicine, and preventative medicine.
- The process by which physiological signals, not normally available to human perception, are transformed into easy-to-understand graphs or numbers. Individuals can then use this information to try to change bodily functioning (e.g., lower blood pressure, reduce muscle tension).
- Biomedical Model of Health
- A reductionist model that posits that ill health is a result of a deviation from normal function, which is explained by the presence of pathogens, injury, or genetic abnormality.
- Biopsychosocial Model of Health
- An approach to studying health and human function that posits the importance of biological, psychological, and social (or environmental) processes.
- Chronic disease
- A health condition that persists over time, typically for periods longer than three months (e.g., HIV, asthma, diabetes).
- Feeling like you have the power to change your environment or behavior if you need or want to.
- Daily hassles
- Irritations in daily life that are not necessarily traumatic, but that cause difficulties and repeated stress.
- Emotion-focused coping
- Coping strategy aimed at reducing the negative emotions associated with a stressful event.
- General Adaptation Syndrome
- A three-phase model of stress, which includes a mobilization of physiological resources phase, a coping phase, and an exhaustion phase (i.e., when an organism fails to cope with the stress adequately and depletes its resources).
- According to the World Health Organization, it is a complete state of physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
- Health behavior
- Any behavior that is related to health—either good or bad.
- An experience or trait with cognitive, behavioral, and emotional components. It often includes cynical thoughts, feelings of emotion, and aggressive behavior.
- Mind–body connection
- The idea that our emotions and thoughts can affect how our body functions.
- Problem-focused coping
- A set of coping strategies aimed at improving or changing stressful situations.
- A field of study examining the relationship among psychology, brain function, and immune function.
- Psychosomatic medicine
- An interdisciplinary field of study that focuses on how biological, psychological, and social processes contribute to physiological changes in the body and health over time.
- The ability to “bounce back” from negative situations (e.g., illness, stress) to normal functioning or to simply not show poor outcomes in the face of adversity. In some cases, resilience may lead to better functioning following the negative experience (e.g., post-traumatic growth).
- The belief that one can perform adequately in a specific situation.
- Social integration
- The size of your social network, or number of social roles (e.g., son, sister, student, employee, team member).
- Social support
- The perception or actuality that we have a social network that can help us in times of need and provide us with a variety of useful resources (e.g., advice, love, money).
- A pattern of physical and psychological responses in an organism after it perceives a threatening event that disturbs its homeostasis and taxes its abilities to cope with the event.
- An event or stimulus that induces feelings of stress.
- Type A Behavior
- Type A behavior is characterized by impatience, competitiveness, neuroticism, hostility, and anger.
- Type B Behavior
- Type B behavior reflects the absence of Type A characteristics and is represented by less competitive, aggressive, and hostile behavior patterns.