Cognitive science arose in the 1950s when it became apparent that a number of disciplines, including psychology, computer science, linguistics, and philosophy, were fragmenting. Perhaps owing to the field's immediate origins in cybernetics, as well as to the foundational assumption that cognition is information processing, cognitive science initially seemed more unified than psychology. However, as a result of differing interpretations of the foundational assumption and dramatically divergent views of the meaning of the term information processing, three separate schools emerged: classical cognitive science, connectionist cognitive science, and embodied cognitive science.
- Front Matter
- 1: The Cognitive Sciences- One or Many?
- 2: Multiple Levels of Investigation
- 3: Elements of Classical Cognitive Science
- 4: Elements of Connectionist Cognitive Science
- 5: Elements of Embodied Cognitive Science
- 6: Classical Music and Cognitive Science
- 7: Marks of the Classical?
- 8: Seeing and Visualizing
- 9: Towards a Cognitive Dialectic
- Back Matter
Thumbnail: Midbrain (CC BY 4.0; OpenStax)