# 2.4: Study Guide for Part I

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## Study Guide for Part I

• Be able to define and discuss stratification/inequalityStratification
• The unequal distribution of the goods of society
• Wealth, power, status
• Social inequality
• A system in which people are denied access to the goods of society based on their group membership
• Define, discuss, and give examples of master statusReview master statusRace or ethnicity, sex or gender, age, religion, disability, and SESSES
• Socioeconomic Status= income+education+occupation
• Define and discuss SES
• What is SES and how does it impact peoples’ lives?
• The stratification hierarchy
• Where someone is placed in terms of access to wealth, power, and status
• Based on various aspects of their master status
• How does the stratification hierarchy affect
• Racial and ethnic minorities?
• Women?
• Sexual orientation minorities?
• Religious minorities?
• The disabled?
• Define Thomas’s Theorem and explain how it relates to issues of stratification/inequality
• How do our concepts of reality affect the way we judge others?
• Discuss the ways in which the human mind creates social categories
• Define and discuss stereotypes
• How many stereotypes about groups other than your own can you list?
• Are any of these stereotypes true?
• Why or why not?
• Are any of these stereotypes true?
• Why or why not?
• Define and describe social differentiation
• Explain and give examples of social positions
• Rankings of roles and statuses
• Explain and give examples of social mobility
• What is the social mobility in your family?
• Define and discuss the various dimensions of and theories of stratification/inequality
• Marx
• Bourgeoisie and Proletariat
• Based on the economic system
• Weber
• The bureaucracy
• Wealth
• A person’s total economic access
• Give an example
• Power
• The ability to influence over resistance
• Give an example
• Status
• The esteem that society gives to social statuses and social roles
• Give an example
• Models of power
• C. Wright Mills: The Power Elite
• Power is held at the top of society by a handful of people
• Give an example
• Robert Dahl: Pluralistic model
• Power is relatively evenly distributed
• Give an example
• Which model is correct?
• Why?
• The Davis-Moore Debate
• What are the main points of Davis-Moore’s argument?
• Why do they say that stratification is functional for society?
• Do you agree?
• Why or why not?
• Melvin Tumin’s response to Davis-Moore
• What are the main points of Tumin’s argument?
• Why does he disagree with Davis-Moore?
• Do you agree with Tumin?
• Why or why not?
• Be able to discuss the following dimensions of and theories of stratification/inequality
• E. Digby Baltzell: WASP
• Who are the WASPs?
• Are they still “in charge”
• Thorstein Veblen
• Conspicuous Leisure
• Give three modern examples
• Look on Forbes
• Conspicuous Consumption
• Give three modern examples
• Look on Forbes
• Oscar LewisCulture of poverty
• What are the main characteristics of the culture of poverty?
• Is the culture of poverty real?
• Why or why not?
• Charles MurrayLosing Ground and The Bell Curve
• What are Murray’s primary arguments?
• Do you agree or disagree?
• Why?
• William Julius Wilson
• When Work Disappears
• Hyperghettoization
• What are WJ Wilson’s major arguments?
• What data sources does he use?
• Do you agree with his conclusions?
• Why or why not?
• Herbert Gans
• The functionality of poverty
• The War against the Poor
• What are Gans’s primary points of argument?
• What are his data sources?
• Do you agree with his conclusions?
• Why or why not?
• Wealth
• The billionaire’s club
• Who are the richest people in the world and how rich are they?
• What are the most expensive consumer items in the world and who buys them?
• Use the Internet to look at Forbes Magazine’s lists
• Use the Internet to find census data
• What are the richest countries in the world and how does the US compare?Use the Internet to find data
• The CIA World Factbook
• The G8
• What are the richest companies in the world and how do they compare to the economies of countries?
• Forbes Magazine’s lists
• Use the Internet to find data
• Find and explain data about the demographics of poverty in the US
• Poverty thresholds
• Find and explain data about the feminization of poverty
• The Statistical Abstract of the United States
• Use the Internet to find data about women and poverty
• Find information about and explain public policies and poverty programs
• Find and explain data about poverty legislation
• Georgetown Law Library
• The Congressional Record
• Use these sites (The Statistical Abstract of the United States; ACORN Housing) to find and explain data about inequality in:
• Housing
• Health care
• Home ownership
• Educational attainment
• Labor force participation
• Find data about the minimum wage vs. the living wage
• What is the minimum wage?
• What are the criteria used to determine what the minimum wage will be?
• Find information about the history of the minimum wage and explain how it relates to the cost of living
• Minimum wage historical chart
• Minimum wages by state
• US Department of Labor Minimum Wage Page
• Find information about the living wage; explain what it is and its ramifications for society
• The Living Wage Resource Center
• The Economic Policy Institute
• Living Wage Calculator
• What is a living wage?
• How would a living wage impact the US economy?
• Look at the World Demographic “Clock” and explain what it shows
• What did you learn from this that you did not know before?
• Explain the US and World Population “Clocks”
• Find data that break down world demographics into percentages.“If the World Were a Village of 100 People.”
• If the World Were a Village of 100 People
• If the World Were a Village of 100 People (2)
• If the World Were a Village of 100 People (YouTube video)
• Define, discuss, and give examples of Infant Mortality Rates, Literacy Rates, Life Expectancy, and GDP/GNP in the richest and poorest nations in the world
• The World Health Organization
• The United Nations
• How do most people perceive World Inequality?
• Why?
• What information is available about world inequality to most people?
• Identify the levels into which the world is stratified and what those levels mean in terms of life chances
• United Nations Summit on World Poverty
• First, Second, Third, and Fourth Worlds
• Define and give examples of:
• First World countries
• Second World countries
• Third World countries
• Fourth World countries
• Find data about and discuss carrying capacity and world hunger
• Define carrying capacity
• In the late spring of 2008, there have been food riots in some parts of the world and food prices in some parts of the world have reached an all-time high
• Find data that explain this
• United Nations Summit on World Hunger
• Discuss the health concerns of First, Second, and Third World countries
• What are their health concerns?
• Where does the US rank in terms of access to and quality of health care in the world?
• United Nations: Economic and Social Development
• The World Health Organization
• Find and explain data about the HIV/AIDS epidemic and how it impacts world poverty
• UNAIDS: Joint United Programme on HIV/AIDS
• Human Rights Watch: AIDS
• World Health Organization: AIDS Day Message
• The World Bank: HIV/AIDS in Africa
• Identify and differentiate among the various theories of inequality in the world
• Conquest
• Migration
• Colonialism and Empire
• Neo-Colonialism
• World Systems Theory
• Modernization Theory
• Globalization and Glocalization
• George Ritzer’s McDonaldization theory.
• Thomas Friedman’s “Flat World” theory.
• Find and explain statistical information concerning world stratification/inequality including such statistical referents as Infant Mortality Rates, Literacy Rates, Life Expectancy, and GDP or GNP.
• The CIA World Factbook
• Find and explain data about the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund and the ways in which their policies impact global inequality.
• The World Bank
• The International Monetary Fund

This page titled 2.4: Study Guide for Part I is shared under a CC BY 3.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Ruth Dunn (OpenStax) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.