Skip to main content
Social Sci LibreTexts

3.2J: Folkways and Mores

  • Page ID
    7946
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    Learning Objectives

    • Differentiate between folkways and mores

    Societal norms, or rules that are enforced by members of a community, can exist as both formal and informal rules of behavior. Informal norms can be divided into two distinct groups: folkways and mores. Folkways are informal rules and norms that, while not offensive to violate, are expected to be followed. Mores (pronounced more-rays) are also informal rules that are not written, but, when violated, result in severe punishments and social sanction upon the individuals, such as social and religious exclusions,.

    William Graham Sumner, an early U.S. sociologist, recognized that some norms are more important to our lives than others. Sumner coined the term mores to refer to norms that are widely observed and have great moral significance. Mores are often seen as taboos; for example, most societies hold the more that adults not engage in sexual relations with children. Mores emphasize morality through right and wrong, and come with heavy consequences if violated.

    image
    William Graham Sumner, 1840-1910: William Graham Sumner coined the terms “folkways” and “mores. “

    Sumner also coined the term folkway to refer to norms for more routine or casual interaction. This includes ideas about appropriate greetings and proper dress in different situations. In comparison to the morality of mores, folkways dictate what could be considered either polite or rude behavior. Their violation does not invite any punishment or sanctions, but may come with reprimands or warnings.

    An example to distinguish the two: a man who does not wear a tie to a formal dinner party may raise eyebrows for violating folkways; were he to arrive wearing only a tie, he would violate cultural mores and invite a more serious response.

    Key Points

    • Societal norms, or rules that are enforced by members of a community, can exist as both formal and informal rules of behavior. Informal norms can be divided into two distinct groups: folkways and mores.
    • Both “mores” and “folkways” are terms coined by the American sociologist William Graham Sumner.
    • Mores distinguish the difference between right and wrong, while folkways draw a line between right and rude. While folkways may raise an eyebrow if violated, mores dictate morality and come with heavy consequences.

    Key Terms

    • mores: A set of moral norms or customs derived from generally accepted practices. Mores derive from the established practices of a society rather than its written laws.
    • William Graham Sumner: An American academic with numerous books and essays on American history, economic history, political theory, sociology, and anthropology.
    • folkway: A custom or belief common to members of a society or culture.

    LICENSES AND ATTRIBUTIONS

    CC LICENSED CONTENT, SHARED PREVIOUSLY

    • Curation and Revision. Provided by: Boundless.com. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike

    CC LICENSED CONTENT, SPECIFIC ATTRIBUTION

    • Cultural sociology. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_sociology. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Introduction to Sociology/Culture. Provided by: Wikibooks. Located at: en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Introduction_to_Sociology/Culture. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • symbol. Provided by: Wiktionary. Located at: en.wiktionary.org/wiki/symbol. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Max Weber. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Max%20Weber. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Polish-alphabet. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Polish-alphabet.png. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Language. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Language%23Origin. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Origin of language. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Origin_of_language. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • language. Provided by: Wiktionary. Located at: en.wiktionary.org/wiki/language. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • symbolic. Provided by: Wiktionary. Located at: en.wiktionary.org/wiki/symbolic. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • prehistory. Provided by: Wiktionary. Located at: en.wiktionary.org/wiki/prehistory. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Polish-alphabet. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Polish-alphabet.png. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Sign in to Yahoo. Provided by: Flickr. Located at: www.flickr.com/photos/shehal/...n/photostream/. License: CC BY: Attribution
    • Language. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Language%23Language_and_its_parts. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • semiotics. Provided by: Wiktionary. Located at: en.wiktionary.org/wiki/semiotics. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • linguistics. Provided by: Wiktionary. Located at: en.wiktionary.org/wiki/linguistics. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Polish-alphabet. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Polish-alphabet.png. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Sign in to Yahoo. Provided by: Flickr. Located at: www.flickr.com/photos/shehal/...n/photostream/. License: CC BY: Attribution
    • No smoking Welsh bilingual sign. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:No_smoking_Welsh_bilingual_sign.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Linguistic relativity. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Linguistic_relativity. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Speech perception. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Speech_perception. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Perception. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Perception. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • relativity. Provided by: Wiktionary. Located at: en.wiktionary.org/wiki/relativity. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Polish-alphabet. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Polish-alphabet.png. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Sign in to Yahoo. Provided by: Flickr. Located at: www.flickr.com/photos/shehal/...n/photostream/. License: CC BY: Attribution
    • No smoking Welsh bilingual sign. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:No_smoking_Welsh_bilingual_sign.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • On Language and Perception. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LXycUPCSg14. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GRMNrEo7CRw. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • Edward Sapir. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Edward_Sapir.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Sign language. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Sign_language. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Language. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Language%23Sounds_and_symbols. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Written language. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Written_language. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Language. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Language%23Origin. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • written language. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/written%20language. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • semiotics. Provided by: Wiktionary. Located at: en.wiktionary.org/wiki/semiotics. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • human language. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/human%20language. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Polish-alphabet. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Polish-alphabet.png. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Sign in to Yahoo. Provided by: Flickr. Located at: www.flickr.com/photos/shehal/...n/photostream/. License: CC BY: Attribution
    • No smoking Welsh bilingual sign. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:No_smoking_Welsh_bilingual_sign.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • On Language and Perception. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LXycUPCSg14. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GRMNrEo7CRw. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • Edward Sapir. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Edward_Sapir.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Can Parrots Really Talk?. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EbbTV-R1p0I. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • Sentencediagram. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sentencediagram.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Military dog barking. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Military_dog_barking.JPG. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Gestures. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestures. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • gestural languages. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/gestural%20languages. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • quotable gestures. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/quotable%20gestures. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • gesture. Provided by: Wiktionary. Located at: en.wiktionary.org/wiki/gesture. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Polish-alphabet. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Polish-alphabet.png. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Sign in to Yahoo. Provided by: Flickr. Located at: www.flickr.com/photos/shehal/...n/photostream/. License: CC BY: Attribution
    • No smoking Welsh bilingual sign. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:No_smoking_Welsh_bilingual_sign.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • On Language and Perception. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LXycUPCSg14. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GRMNrEo7CRw. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • Edward Sapir. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Edward_Sapir.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Can Parrots Really Talk?. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EbbTV-R1p0I. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • Sentencediagram. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sentencediagram.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Military dog barking. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Military_dog_barking.JPG. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Gestures. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestures. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • American Sign Language ASL. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:American_Sign_Language_ASL.svg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Gestures. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestures. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Values. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Values. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Value (personal and cultural). Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Value_(personal_and_cultural). License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • norm. Provided by: Wiktionary. Located at: en.wiktionary.org/wiki/norm. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • subculture. Provided by: Wiktionary. Located at: en.wiktionary.org/wiki/subculture. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • culture. Provided by: Wiktionary. Located at: en.wiktionary.org/wiki/culture. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Polish-alphabet. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Polish-alphabet.png. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Sign in to Yahoo. Provided by: Flickr. Located at: www.flickr.com/photos/shehal/...n/photostream/. License: CC BY: Attribution
    • No smoking Welsh bilingual sign. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:No_smoking_Welsh_bilingual_sign.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • On Language and Perception. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LXycUPCSg14. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GRMNrEo7CRw. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • Edward Sapir. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Edward_Sapir.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Can Parrots Really Talk?. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EbbTV-R1p0I. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • Sentencediagram. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sentencediagram.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Military dog barking. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Military_dog_barking.JPG. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Gestures. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestures. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • American Sign Language ASL. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:American_Sign_Language_ASL.svg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Gestures. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestures. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Amer0023 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Amer0023_-_Flickr_-_NOAA_Photo_Library.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...dependence.jpg. License: CC BY: Attribution
    • Punk-with-strongbow. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Punk-with-strongbow.JPG. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Punk-with-strongbow. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Punk-with-strongbow.JPG. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Norm (social). Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Norm_(social). License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • social norms. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/social%20norms. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • social classes. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/social%20classes. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • social group. Provided by: Wiktionary. Located at: en.wiktionary.org/wiki/social_group. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Polish-alphabet. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Polish-alphabet.png. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Sign in to Yahoo. Provided by: Flickr. Located at: www.flickr.com/photos/shehal/...n/photostream/. License: CC BY: Attribution
    • No smoking Welsh bilingual sign. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:No_smoking_Welsh_bilingual_sign.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • On Language and Perception. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LXycUPCSg14. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GRMNrEo7CRw. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • Edward Sapir. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Edward_Sapir.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Can Parrots Really Talk?. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EbbTV-R1p0I. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • Sentencediagram. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sentencediagram.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Military dog barking. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Military_dog_barking.JPG. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Gestures. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestures. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • American Sign Language ASL. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:American_Sign_Language_ASL.svg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Gestures. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestures. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Amer0023 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Amer0023_-_Flickr_-_NOAA_Photo_Library.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...dependence.jpg. License: CC BY: Attribution
    • Punk-with-strongbow. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Punk-with-strongbow.JPG. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Punk-with-strongbow. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Punk-with-strongbow.JPG. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Handcuffed man (2). Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Handcuffed_man_(2).jpg. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Same Sex Marriage-02. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Same_Sex_Marriage-02.jpg. License: CC BY: Attribution
    • Social Norms of Personal Space. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Lau9KhemwI. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • Social control. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_control. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Boundless. Provided by: Boundless Learning. Located at: www.boundless.com//sociology/definition/informal-sanctions. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • sanction. Provided by: Wiktionary. Located at: en.wiktionary.org/wiki/sanction. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • social control. Provided by: Wiktionary. Located at: en.wiktionary.org/wiki/social_control. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Polish-alphabet. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Polish-alphabet.png. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Sign in to Yahoo. Provided by: Flickr. Located at: www.flickr.com/photos/shehal/...n/photostream/. License: CC BY: Attribution
    • No smoking Welsh bilingual sign. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:No_smoking_Welsh_bilingual_sign.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • On Language and Perception. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LXycUPCSg14. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GRMNrEo7CRw. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • Edward Sapir. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Edward_Sapir.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Can Parrots Really Talk?. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EbbTV-R1p0I. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • Sentencediagram. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sentencediagram.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Military dog barking. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Military_dog_barking.JPG. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Gestures. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestures. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • American Sign Language ASL. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:American_Sign_Language_ASL.svg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Gestures. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestures. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Amer0023 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Amer0023_-_Flickr_-_NOAA_Photo_Library.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...dependence.jpg. License: CC BY: Attribution
    • Punk-with-strongbow. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Punk-with-strongbow.JPG. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Punk-with-strongbow. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Punk-with-strongbow.JPG. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Handcuffed man (2). Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Handcuffed_man_(2).jpg. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Same Sex Marriage-02. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Same_Sex_Marriage-02.jpg. License: CC BY: Attribution
    • Social Norms of Personal Space. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Lau9KhemwI. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • Wisconsin State Prison Cell BlockWisconsin State Prison Cell Blocks. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Wisconsin_State_Prison_Cell_BlockWisconsin_State_Prison_Cell_Blocks.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Formal and Informal Sanctions. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IpHcTGXy76I. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • Shame. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Shame.jpg. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Norm (social). Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Norm_(social). License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Folkways (sociology). Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Folkways_(sociology)%23cite_note-2. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • folkway. Provided by: Wiktionary. Located at: en.wiktionary.org/wiki/folkway. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • William Graham Sumner. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/William%20Graham%20Sumner. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • mores. Provided by: Wiktionary. Located at: en.wiktionary.org/wiki/mores. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Polish-alphabet. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Polish-alphabet.png. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Sign in to Yahoo. Provided by: Flickr. Located at: www.flickr.com/photos/shehal/...n/photostream/. License: CC BY: Attribution
    • No smoking Welsh bilingual sign. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:No_smoking_Welsh_bilingual_sign.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • On Language and Perception. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LXycUPCSg14. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GRMNrEo7CRw. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • Edward Sapir. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Edward_Sapir.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Can Parrots Really Talk?. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EbbTV-R1p0I. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • Sentencediagram. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sentencediagram.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Military dog barking. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Military_dog_barking.JPG. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Gestures. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestures. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • American Sign Language ASL. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:American_Sign_Language_ASL.svg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Gestures. Provided by: Wikipedia. Located at: en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestures. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Amer0023 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Amer0023_-_Flickr_-_NOAA_Photo_Library.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi...dependence.jpg. License: CC BY: Attribution
    • Punk-with-strongbow. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Punk-with-strongbow.JPG. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Punk-with-strongbow. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Punk-with-strongbow.JPG. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Handcuffed man (2). Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Handcuffed_man_(2).jpg. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • Same Sex Marriage-02. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Same_Sex_Marriage-02.jpg. License: CC BY: Attribution
    • Social Norms of Personal Space. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Lau9KhemwI. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • Wisconsin State Prison Cell BlockWisconsin State Prison Cell Blocks. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Wisconsin_State_Prison_Cell_BlockWisconsin_State_Prison_Cell_Blocks.jpg. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright
    • Formal and Informal Sanctions. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IpHcTGXy76I. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright. License Terms: Standard YouTube license
    • Shame. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Shame.jpg. License: CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike
    • William Graham Sumner. Provided by: Wikimedia. Located at: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:William_Graham_Sumner.png. License: Public Domain: No Known Copyright

    3.2J: Folkways and Mores is shared under a CC BY-SA license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

    • Was this article helpful?