- Last updated
Save as PDF
- Discuss Freud’s “id”, “ego” and “super-ego” and his six basic principles of psychoanalysis and how psychoanalysis is used today as a treatment for a variety of psychological disorders
- Psychoanalysis is a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.
- The specifics of the analyst’s interventions typically include confronting and clarifying the patient’s pathological defenses, wishes, and guilt.
- Freud named his new theory the Oedipus complex after the famous Greek tragedy Oedipus Rex by Sophocles. The Oedipus conflict was described as a state of psychosexual development and awareness.
- The id is the completely unconscious, impulsive, child-like portion of the psyche that operates on the “pleasure principle” and is the source of basic impulses and drives.
- The ego acts according to the reality principle (i.e., it seeks to please the id’s drive in realistic ways that will benefit in the long term rather than bringing grief).
- The super-ego aims for perfection. It comprises that organized part of the personality structure.
- The super-ego aims for perfection. It comprises that organised part of the personality structure
- Oedipus complex: In Freudian theory, the complex of emotions aroused in a child by an unconscious sexual desire for the parent of the opposite sex.
- the unconscious: For Freud, the unconscious refers to the mental processes of which individuals make themselves unaware.
The Basic Tenets of Psychoanalysis
- First, human behavior, experience, and cognition are largely determined by irrational drives.
- Those drives are largely unconscious.
- Attempts to bring those drives into awareness meet psychological resistance in the form of defense mechanisms.
- Besides the inherited constitution of personality, one’s development is determined by events in early childhood.
- Conflicts between conscious view of reality and unconscious (repressed) material can result in mental disturbances, such as neurosis, neurotic traits, anxiety, depression etc.
- The liberation from the effects of the unconscious material is achieved through bringing this material into the consciousness.
Psychoanalysis as Treatment
The Id, The Ego, Super-Ego