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- Explain the purpose of an ideology and how it is used in various contexts (i.e. religion or politics) to create change or conformity in society
- Ideology can be used either to initiate change in society or to encourage continued adherence to a set of ideals in a situation where conformity already exists.
- According to Karl Marx, ideology is an instrument for social reproduction, as those who control the means of production (the ruling class ) are able to establish the dominant ideology within a society.
- Louis Althusser proposed a materialistic conception of ideology using the concept of Ideological State Apparatus.
- Ideological State Apparatuses are institutions, such as the family, media, religious organizations, education system, etc., that together comprise ideological practice, the sphere which has the defining property of constituting individuals as subjects.
- Many political parties base their political action and program on an ideology. Political ideology consists of two dimensions: goals and methods.
- superstructure: The ideas, philosophies, and culture that are built upon the means of production.
- ideology: the doctrine, philosophy, body of beliefs or principles belonging to an individual or group