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Key Terms Chapter 13: Aging and the Elderly

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    Example and Directions
    Words (or words that have the same definition)The definition is case sensitive(Optional) Image to display with the definition [Not displayed in Glossary, only in pop-up on pages](Optional) Caption for Image(Optional) External or Internal Link(Optional) Source for Definition
    (Eg. "Genetic, Hereditary, DNA ...")(Eg. "Relating to genes or heredity")The infamous double helix; Delmar Larsen
    Glossary Entries
    Activity Theorya theory which suggests that for individuals to enjoy old age and feel satisfied, they must maintain activities and find a replacement for the statuses and associated roles they have left behind as they aged    
    Age Stratification Theorya theory which states that members of society are stratified by age, just as they are stratified by race, class, and gender    
    Ageismdiscrimination based on age    
    Baby Boomerspeople in the United States born between approximately 1946 and 1964    
    Centenarianspeople 100 years old or older    
    Cohorta group of people who share a statistical or demographic trait    
    Continuity Theorya theory which states that the elderly make specific choices to maintain consistency in internal (personality structure, beliefs) and external structures (relationships), remaining active and involved throughout their elder years    
    Dependency Ratiothe number of nonproductive citizens (young, disabled, elderly) to productive working citizens    
    Disengagement Theorya theory which suggests that withdrawing from society and social relationships is a natural part of growing old    
    Elder Abusethe act of a caretaker intentionally depriving an older person of care or harming the person in their charge    
    Exchange Theorya theory which suggests that we experience an increased dependence as we age and must increasingly submit to the will of others, because we have fewer ways of compelling others to submit to us    
    Filial Pietydeference and respect to one’s parents and ancestors in all things    
    Geriatricsa medical specialty focusing on the elderly    
    Gerontocracya type of social structure wherein the power is held by a society’s oldest members    
    Gerontologya field of science that seeks to understand the process of aging and the challenges encountered as seniors grow older    
    Gerotranscendencethe idea that as people age, they transcend limited views of life they held in earlier times    
    Griefa psychological, emotional, and social response to the feelings of loss that accompanies death or a similar event    
    Hospicehealthcare that treats terminally ill people by providing comfort during the dying process    
    Life Coursethe period from birth to death, including a sequence of predictable life events    
    Life Expectancythe number of years a newborn is expected to live    
    Modernization Theorya theory which suggests that the primary cause of the elderly losing power and influence in society are the parallel forces of industrialization and modernization    
    Physician-assisted Suicidethe voluntary use of lethal medication provided by a medical doctor to end one’s life    
    Primary Agingbiological factors such as molecular and cellular changes    
    Secondary Agingaging that occurs due to controllable factors like exercise and diet    
    Selective Optimization with Compensation Theorya theory based on the idea that successful personal development throughout the life course and subsequent mastery of the challenges associated with everyday life are based on the components of selection, optimization, and compensation    
    Senescencethe aging process, including biological, intellectual, emotional, social, and spiritual changes    
    Social Gerontologya specialized field of gerontology that examines the social (and sociological) aspects of aging    
    Subculture of Aging Theorya theory that focuses on the shared community created by the elderly when they are excluded (due to age), voluntarily or involuntarily, from participating in other groups    
    Supercentenarianspeople 110 of age or older    
    Thanatologythe systematic study of death and dying    
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