Skip to main content
Social Sci LibreTexts

Key Terms Chapter 17: Government and Politics

  • Page ID
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)\(\newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    Example and Directions
    Words (or words that have the same definition)The definition is case sensitive(Optional) Image to display with the definition [Not displayed in Glossary, only in pop-up on pages](Optional) Caption for Image(Optional) External or Internal Link(Optional) Source for Definition
    (Eg. "Genetic, Hereditary, DNA ...")(Eg. "Relating to genes or heredity")The infamous double helix; Delmar Larsen
    Glossary Entries
    Absolute Monarchiesgovernments wherein a monarch has absolute or unmitigated power    
    Anarchythe absence of any organized government    
    Authoritypower that people accept because it comes from a source that is perceived as legitimate    
    Charismatic Authoritypower legitimized on the basis of a leader’s exceptional personal qualities    
    Constitutional Monarchiesnational governments that recognize monarchs but require these figures to abide by the laws of a greater constitution    
    Democracya form of government that provides all citizens with an equal voice or vote in determining state policy    
    Dictatorshipa form of government in which a single person (or a very small group) wields complete and absolute authority over a government or populace after the dictator rises to power, usually through economic or military might    
    Monarchya form of government in which a single person (a monarch) rules until that individual dies or abdicates the throne    
    Oligarchya form of government in which power is held by a small, elite group    
    One Person, One vVtea concept holding that each person’s vote should be counted equally    
    Patrimonialisma type of authority wherein military and administrative factions enforce the power of the master    
    Politicsa means of studying a nation’s or group’s underlying social norms as values as evidenced through its political structure and practices    
    Powerthe ability to exercise one’s will over others    
    Power Elitea small group of powerful people who control much of a society    
    Rational-legal Authoritypower that is legitimized by rules, regulations, and laws    
    Representative Democracya government wherein citizens elect officials to represent their interests    
    Totalitarian Dictatorshipan extremely oppressive form of dictatorship in which most aspects of citizens’ lives are controlled by the leader    
    Traditional Authoritypower legitimized on the basis of long-standing customs    
    • Was this article helpful?