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Key Terms Chapter 21: Social Movements and Social Change

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    Example and Directions
    Words (or words that have the same definition)The definition is case sensitive(Optional) Image to display with the definition [Not displayed in Glossary, only in pop-up on pages](Optional) Caption for Image(Optional) External or Internal Link(Optional) Source for Definition
    (Eg. "Genetic, Hereditary, DNA ...")(Eg. "Relating to genes or heredity")The infamous double helix; Delmar Larsen
    Glossary Entries
    Acting Crowdscrowds of people who are focused on a specific action or goal    
    Alternative Movementssocial movements that limit themselves to self-improvement changes in individuals    
    Assembling Perspectivea theory that credits individuals in crowds as behaving as rational thinkers and views crowds as engaging in purposeful behavior and collective action    
    Casual Crowdspeople who share close proximity without really interacting    
    Collective Behaviora noninstitutionalized activity in which several people voluntarily engage    
    Conventional Crowdspeople who come together for a regularly scheduled event    
    Crowda fairly large number of people who share close proximity    
    Crowdsourcingthe process of obtaining needed services, ideas, or content by soliciting contributions from a large group of people    
    Diagnostic Framinga social problem that is stated in a clear, easily understood manner    
    Emergent Norm Theorya perspective that emphasizes the importance of social norms in crowd behavior    
    Expressive Crowdscrowds who share opportunities to express emotions    
    Flash Moba large group of people who gather together in a spontaneous activity that lasts a limited amount of time    
    Frame Alignment Processusing bridging, amplification, extension, and transformation as an ongoing and intentional means of recruiting participants to a movement    
    Massa relatively large group with a common interest, even if they may not be in close proximity    
    Modernizationthe process that increases the amount of specialization and differentiation of structure in societies    
    Motivational Framinga call to action    
    New Social Movement Theorya theory that attempts to explain the proliferation of postindustrial and postmodern movements that are difficult to understand using traditional social movement theories    
    NGOnongovernmental organizations working globally for numerous humanitarian and environmental causes    
    Prognostic Framingsocial movements that state a clear solution and a means of implementation    
    Publican unorganized, relatively diffuse group of people who share ideas    
    Reform Movementsmovements that seek to change something specific about the social structure    
    Religious/Redemptive Movementsmovements that work to promote inner change or spiritual growth in individuals    
    Resistance Movementsthose who seek to prevent or undo change to the social structure    
    Resource Mobilization Theorya theory that explains social movements’ success in terms of their ability to acquire resources and mobilize individuals    
    Revolutionary Movementsmovements that seek to completely change every aspect of society    
    Social Changethe change in a society created through social movements as well as through external factors like environmental shifts or technological innovations    
    Social Movementa purposeful organized group hoping to work toward a common social goal    
    Social Movement Industrythe collection of the social movement organizations that are striving toward similar goals    
    Social Movement Organizationa single social movement group    
    Social Movement Sectorthe multiple social movement industries in a society, even if they have widely varying constituents and goals    
    Value-added Theorya functionalist perspective theory that posits that several preconditions must be in place for collective behavior to occur    
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