13.4E: Child Care
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- Analyze the different types of child care in the United States, from parental care to center-based care
- It is traditional in Western society for children to be taken care of by their parents or their legal guardians.
- If a parent or extended family is unable to care for the children, orphanages and foster homes are a way of providing for children’s care, housing, and schooling.
- The two main types of child care options are center-based care and home-based care.
- Home-based care typically is provided by nannies, au-pairs, or friends and family.
- In 1995, over thirty-six percent of families of preschoolers with working mothers primarily relied on child care in the home of a relative, family day care provider or other non relative. Almost twenty-six percent of families used organized child care facilities as their primary arrangement.
- Home-based care: Child care that occurs in the child’s home as opposed to in a preschool or external institution.
- Center-based care: Child care that occurs outside of the child’s home, such as in a preschool.
- extended family: A family consisting of parents and children, along with either grandparents, grandchildren, aunts or uncles, cousins etc.
Types of Child Care
Child Care in the United States