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10.1.5: Key Terms

  • Page ID
    177480
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    ambilineal
    a type of unilateral descent that follows either the father’s or the mother’s side exclusively
    bigamy
    the act of entering into marriage while still married to another person
    bilateral descent
    the tracing of kinship through both parents’ ancestral lines
    cohabitation
    the act of a couple sharing a residence while they are not married
    extended family
    a household that includes at least one parent and child as well as other relatives like grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins
    family
    socially recognized groups of individuals who may be joined by blood, marriage, or adoption and who form an emotional connection and an economic unit of society
    family life course
    a sociological model of family that sees the progression of events as fluid rather than as occurring in strict stages
    family life cycle
    a set of predictable steps and patterns families experience over time
    family of orientation
    the family into which one is born
    family of procreation
    a family that is formed through marriage
    intimate partner violence (IPV)
    violence that occurs between individuals who maintain a romantic or sexual relationship
    kinship
    a person’s traceable ancestry (by blood, marriage, and/or adoption)
    marriage
    a legally recognized contract between two or more people in a sexual relationship who have an expectation of permanence about their relationship
    matrilineal descent
    a type of unilateral descent that follows the mother’s side only
    matrilocal residence
    a system in which it is customary for a husband to live with the his wife’s family
    monogamy
    the act of being married to only one person at a time
    nuclear family
    two parents (traditionally a married husband and wife) and children living in the same household
    patrilineal descent
    a type of unilateral descent that follows the father’s line only
    patrilocal residence
    a system in which it is customary for the a wife to live with (or near) the her husband’s family
    polyandry
    a form of marriage in which one woman is married to more than one man at one time
    polygamy
    the state of being committed or married to more than one person at a time
    polygyny
    a form of marriage in which one man is married to more than one woman at one time
    shaken-baby syndrome
    a group of medical symptoms such as brain swelling and retinal hemorrhage resulting from forcefully shaking or impacting an infant’s head
    unilateral descent
    the tracing of kinship through one parent only.

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