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3: Contemporary Archaeology (1960s and Beyond)

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    Learning Objectives

    • Explain what processual archaeologists thought was lacking from the classificatory-historical approach.
    • Describe the integration of ethnographic techniques with archaeology.
    • Explain the multiple approaches to analysis that arose from processual archaeology.
    • Describe the basic principles of post-processual archaeology.
    • Explain the goals of contemporary archaeology.

    • 3.1: Evolution of Archaeology
      Franz Boas and the American archaeologists developed the classificatory-historical paradigm but it had its limitations. In the 1960s, archaeologists began to develop new approaches to address those limitations.
    • 3.2: Archaeology Today
      Today both processual and post-processual paradigms are used in archaeological research.  Both approaches contribute to meeting archaeology's one overarching goal: managing, conserving, and preserving the material remains of past societies for future generations.
    • 3.3: Chapter Three Review
      Review important concepts and definitions of key terms.

    Image: Archaeological Excavations at a prehistoric American Indian site in North-central Oregon (USA). 1977. By John Atherton under CC BY-SA via flickr.

    3: Contemporary Archaeology (1960s and Beyond) is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

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