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126.96.36.199.3.2: Signs and Signifiers
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- Iconic signs – icons are signs where meaning is based on similarity of appearance. So our drawing of our tree stands in for the notion of ‘tree’ based on a crude similarity of appearance.
- Indexical signs – Indexical signs have a cause-and-effect relationship between the sign and the meaning of the sign. There is a direct link between the two. So a leaf might be an indexical sign.
- Symbolic signs – these signs have an arbitrary or conventional link. The word tree, t-r-e-e only comes to stand in for the notion of tree because of the conventions of our language. In another convention, the symbolic sign for tree might be ‘arbor’ (German) or ‘木’ (Japanese)
- What is the relationship between a signifier and the signified?
- What might be an example of an iconic, indexical and symbolic sign for the idea of your pet?