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2.1: Introduction to Developmental Theories
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- Define theory.
- Describe Freud’s theory of psychosexual development.
- Identify the parts of the self in Freud’s model.
- List five defense mechanisms.
- Describe five defense mechanisms.
- Appraise the strengths and weaknesses of Freud’s theory.
- List Erikson’s eight stages of psychosocial development.
- Apply Erikson’s stages to examples of people in various stages of the lifespan.
- Appraise the strengths and weaknesses of Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development.
- Compare and contrast Freud and Erikson’s theories of human development.
- Describe the principles of classical conditioning.
- Identify unconditioned stimulus, conditioned stimulus, unconditioned response, and conditioned response in classical conditioning.
- Describe the principles of operant conditioning.
- Identify positive and negative reinforcement, and primary and secondary reinforcement.
- Contrast reinforcement and punishment.
- Contrast classical and operant conditioning and the kinds of behaviors learned in each.
- Describe social learning theory.
- Describe Piaget’s theory of cognitive development.
- Define schema, assimilation, accommodation, and cognitive equilibrium.
- List Piaget’s stages of cognitive development.
- Describe Piaget’s stages of cognitive development.
- Critique Piaget’s theory of cognitive development.
- Describe Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory of cognitive development.
- Explain what is meant by the zone of proximal development.
- Explain guided participation.
- Describe scaffolding.
- Compare Piaget and Vygotsky’s models of cognitive development.
- Describe Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems model.
What is a Theory?