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14.8: Global Life Expectancy and Mortality Statistics

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Figure \(\PageIndex{1}\) - Life Expectancy at Birth, 2015. Top and Bottom 5 Countries. Source: World Health Organization (WHO) World Health Statistics 2016: Monitoring health for the SDGs Publication

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Figure \(\PageIndex{2}\) - Countries with the highest and lowest life expectancy at birth (in years), by sex, 2015. Source: World Health Organization (WHO) World Health Statistics 2016: Monitoring health for the SDGs Publication

Global Life Expectancy

Global life expectancy in 2015 was 71.4 years. On average, women live longer than men. Female life expectancy is 73.8 years. Male life expectancy is 69.1 years.

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Figure \(\PageIndex{3}\) - Life expectancy at birth and healthy life expectancy at birth (years), both sexes, 2015. Source: World Health Organization (WHO) World Health Statistics 2016: Monitoring health for the SDGs Publication

Maternal Mortality

Mothers are more likely to die in Africa due to complications from childbirth and pregnancy. 

  • Hemorrhage, hypertension, and infection are most likely causes of death. 
  • Most of these deaths are preventable.

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Figure \(\PageIndex{4}\) - Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births), 2015: Source World Health Organization (WHO) World Health Statistics 2016: Monitoring health for the SDGs Publication

Under-Five Mortality and Neonatal Mortality

In 2015, 45% of deaths that occurred to children under-five were newborn. Main causes of neonatal deaths are prematurity, sepsis and birth-related complications. 

  • Main causes of post neonatal deaths are pneumonia, diarrhea, injuries and malaria.

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Figure \(\PageIndex{5}\) - Under-five mortality and neonatal mortality rates (per 1000 live births), 2015: Source World Health Organization (WHO) World Health Statistics 2016: Monitoring health for the SDGs Publication

Reference of Material:

Cover Figure, Fig 3.2 (Page 8), Table 3.1 (Page 10), Table A.1.1 (Page 45), Table A.3.1 (Page 49)

World Health Statistics 2016: Monitoring health for the SDGs Publication
http://www.who.int/gho/publications/world_health_statistics/2016/en/