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18.S: Summary

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Robert Borofsky is Professor of Anthropology at Hawaii Pacific University. A distinguished scholar, he has authored or edited six books as well as published articles in the discipline’s leading journals.  Dr. Borofsky is editor of the Public Anthropology Book Series published by University of California Press, Director of the Center for a Public Anthropology, and webmaster of the http://www.publicanthropology.org and http://www.publicanthropology.net websites. Selected publications include: Making History (1987), Assessing Cultural Anthropology (1994), Remembrance of Pacific Pasts (2000), and The Yanomami: The Fierce Controversy and What We Can Learn From It (2005).

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Barth, Fredrick. “Ethnicity and the Concept of Culture.” Program on Nonviolent Sanctions and Cultural Survival Seminar Synopses. Paper presented to the Conference “Rethinking Culture,” Harvard University, 1995.

Bloomberg Business. “Kidney Broker Pleads Guilty in First U.S. Organ Trafficking Prosecution.” Bloomberg Business. October 27, 2011. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articl...ng-prosecution.

Catalogue for Philanthropy. “Partners in Health: A Non Profit Corporation.” http://www.philanthropydirectory.org...it-corporation

Doughty, Paul L. “Ending Serfdom in Peru: The Struggle for Land and Freedom in Vicos.” In Contemporary Cultures and Societies of Latin America, edited by Dwight B. Heath, 225–243. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press, 2002.

Douglas, Mary. Purity and Danger: An Analysis of Pollution and Taboo. New York: Routledge, 1966.

Erwin, Alexander. Applied Anthropology: Tools and Perspectives for Contemporary Practice. New York: Pearson, 2005.

Firth, Raymond. “An Appraisal of Modern Social Anthropology.” Annual Review of Anthropology 4 (1975):1–25.

Fiske, Shirley J. “Global Climate Change from the Bottom Up.” In Applying Anthropology in the Global Village, edited by Christina Wasson, Mary Odell Butler, and Jacqueline Copeland-Carson, 143–172. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press, 2012.

Givens, David, Patsy Evans, and Timothy Jablonski. “American Anthropological Association Survey of Anthropology PhDs.” http://www.americananthro.org/LearnA...temNumber=1499

Glasziou, Paul. “Reducing Waste from Incomplete or Unusable Reports of Biomedical Research.” Lancet 383 no. 9913 (2014):267–276.

Hale, Charles R. “What is Activist Research?” Social Science Research Council, 2, no. 1–2 (2001):13–15.

Kiste, Robert C. and Mac Marshall. American Anthropology in Micronesia: An Assessment. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1999.

Kuper, Adam. “Anthropology.” Times Literary Supplement. March 30, 2009.

Lemann, Nicholas. “The Bell Curve Flattened,” Slate, January 18, 1997. http://www.slate.com/articles/briefi...flattened.html.

Lock, Margaret. Twice Dead: Organ Transplants and the Reinvention of Death. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2001.

Macleod, M. R., Susan Michie, Ian Roberts, Ulrich Dirnagl, Iain Chalmers, John P. A. Ioannidis, Rustam Al-Shahi Salman, An-Wen Chan, and Paul Glasziou. “Biomedical Research: Increasing Value, Reducing Waste.” Lancet 383 no. 9912 (2014):101–104.

Mead, Margaret. “Changing Styles of Anthropological Work,” Annual Review of Anthropology 2 (1973):1–2.

Miklikowska, Marta and Douglas Fry. “Natural Born Nonkillers: A Critique of the Killers-Have-More-Kids Idea.” In Nonkilling Psychology, edited by Daniel Christie and Joan Evan Pim. Honolulu: Center for Global Nonkilling, 2012.

National Association for the Practice of Anthropology, “The Practice of Anthropology.” http://practicinganthropology.org/practicing-anthro/

National Institutes of Health, Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences. “The Contribution of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research to Improving the Health of the Nation.” https://obssr.od.nih.gov/wp-content/...ectus_2007.pdf

National Science Foundation. “Grant Proposal Guide: Chapter III—NSF Proposal Processing and Review: A. Review Criteria.” http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2004/nsf042/3.htm.

Priest, Dana and William M. Arkin. “Monitoring America.” Washington Post, December 19, 2010. http://projects.washingtonpost.com/t...toring-america.

Research Councils United Kingdom. “Embedding Public Engagement in Research,” www.rcuk.ac.uk/pe/embedding.

Salzstein, Dan. “Chill Out, Mom and Dad.” The New York Times, September 4, 2016, BR23.

Scheper-Hughes, Nancy. “The Rosenbaum Kidney Trafficking Gang.” Counterpunch. November 30, 2011. http://www.counterpunch.org/2011/11/...afficking-gang.

Singer, Merrill. “Why I Am Not a Public Anthropologist.” Anthropology News 41 no. 6 (2000):6–7.

Stocking, George W. “Ideas and Institutions in American Anthropology: Thoughts Toward a History of the Interwar Years.” In Selected Papers from the American Anthropologist, 1921–1945, edited by George W. Stocking, 1–50. Washington, DC: American Anthropological Association, 1976.

Trotter, Robert, Jean Schensul, and Kristin Kostick. “Theories and Methods in Applied Anthropology.” In Handbook of Methods in Cultural Anthropology, edited by H. Russell Bernard and Clarence Gravlee, 661–693. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 2015.

Warren, Kay B. “Perils and Promises of Engaged Anthropology: Historical Transitions and Ethnographic Dilemmas.” In Engaged Observer: Anthropology, Advocacy, and Activism, edited by Victoria Sanford and Asale Angel-Agani, 213–227. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2006.

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NOTES

1. Anne Fadiman, The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down (New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1997), front matter.

2. Chronicle of Higher Education, “Academics Should Do More to Shape Public Debate,” The Chronicle Review, November 11, 2016, B9.

3. Mary Douglas, Purity and Danger: An Analysis of Pollution and Taboo (New York: Routledge, 1966), 123.

4. Eric Wolf, “They Divide and Subdivide, and Call It Anthropology,” The New York Times, November 30, 1980, E9.

5. Dan Salzstein, “Chill Out, Mom and Dad,” The New York Times, September 4, 2016, BR23.

6. Alexander Erwin, Applied Anthropology: Tools and Perspectives for Contemporary Practice (New York: Pearson, 2005), 149.

7. Ibid.

8. Ibid., 102–104.

9. Tom Greaves, Ralph Bolton, and Florencia Zapata, Vicos and Beyond: A Half Century of Applying Anthropology in Peru (Lanham MD: AltaMira Press, 2010), viii.

10. Paul L. Doughty, “Ending Serfdom in Peru: The Struggle for Land and Freedom in Vicos,” in Contemporary Cultures and Societies of Latin America, ed. Dwight B. Heath (Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press, 2002), 238.

11. Ibid., 239.

12. Shirley J. Fiske, “Global Climate Change from the Bottom Up,” in Applying Anthropology in the Global Village, ed. Christina Wasson, Mary Odell Butler, and Jacqueline Copeland-Carson (Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press, 2012), 162.

13. “The Fifty Years War: What Has Changed Since the Federal Government Went to War in the Hollows,” The Economist, May 21, 2015.

14. Margaret Lock, Twice Dead: Organ Transplants and the Reinvention of Death (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2001), front matter.

15. Thomas Hylland Erikson, Engaging Anthropology: The Case of a Public Presence (New York: Berg, 2006), back cover.

16. Kay B. Warren, “Perils and Promises of Engaged Anthropology: Historical Transitions and Ethnographic Dilemmas,” in Engaged Observer: Anthropology, Advocacy, and Activism, ed. Victoria Sanford and Asale Angel-Agani (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2006), 213.

17. National Association for the Practice of Anthropology, “The Practice of Anthropology.” http://practicinganthropology.org/practicing-anthro/

18. Charles R. Hale, “What is Activist Research?” Social Science Research Council, 2, no. 1–2 (2001):13–15. www.utexas.edu/cola/anthropology/_files/PDF/Hale.pdf.

19. George W. Stocking, “Ideas and Institutions in American Anthropology: Thoughts toward a History of the Interwar Years,” in Selected Papers from the American Anthropologist, 1921–1945, ed. George W. Stocking (Washington, DC: American Anthropological Association, 1976), 1.

20. Raymond Firth, “An Appraisal of Modern Social Anthropology,” Annual Review of Anthropology 4 (1975):4.

21. Andrew Abbott, The System of Professions: An Essay on the Division of Expert Labor (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988), 119.

22. Robert Trotter, Jean Schensul, and Kristin Kostick., “Theories and Methods in Applied Anthropology,” in Handbook of Methods in Cultural Anthropology, ed. H. Russell Bernard and Clarence Gravlee (New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 2015), 661.

23. Merrill Singer, “Why I Am Not a Public Anthropologist,” Anthropology News 41 no. 6 (2000):6–7.

24. Margaret Mead, “Changing Styles of Anthropological Work,” Annual Review of Anthropology 2 (1973):1–2.

25. Robert C. Kiste and Mac Marshall, American Anthropology in Micronesia: An Assessment (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1999), front book flap.

26. David Givens, Patsy Evans, and Timothy Jablonski, American Anthropological Association Survey of Anthropology PhDs, http://www.americananthro.org/LearnA...temNumber=1499

27. Ibid.

28. Victor Turner, The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-Structure (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1969), 96.

29. Ibid., 203.

30. Deborah L. Rhode, In Pursuit of Knowledge: Scholars, Status, and Academic Culture (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2006), 11.

31. Ibid., 46.

32. National Science Foundation, Grant Proposal Guide: Chapter III—NSF Proposal Processing and Review. A. Review Criteria. www.nsf.gov/pubs/2004/nsf042/3.htm.

33. National Institutes of Health, Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences, https://obssr.od.nih.gov/pdf/OBSSR_Prospectus.pdf.

34. Research Councils United Kingdom, “Embedding Public Engagement in Research,” www.rcuk.ac.uk/pe/embedding.

35. Adam Kuper, “Anthropology,” Times Literary Supplement, March 30, 2009, 23.

36. Abhijit V. Banerjee and Esther Duflo, Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way to Fight Global Poverty (New York: Public Affairs, 2011) 49–50, 57–58.

37. Ibid., back cover.

38. Mary Furner, Advocacy and Objectivity: A Crisis in the Professionalization of American Social Science, 1865–1905 (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1975), 324.

39. M. R. Macleod, Susan Michie, Ian Roberts, Ulrich Dirnagl, Iain Chalmers, John P. A. Ioannidis, Rustam Al-Shahi Salman, An-Wen Chan, and Paul Glasziou, “Biomedical Research: Increasing Value, Reducing Waste.” Lancet 383 no. 9912 (2014):101.

40. Paul Glasziou, “Reducing Waste from Incomplete or Unusable Reports of Biomedical Research.” Lancet 383 no. 9913 (2014):267.

41. “Tested and Found Wanting,” The Economist, November 5, 2016.

42. Benedict Carey, “Many Psychology Findings Not as Strong as Claimed, Study Says,” New York Times, August 27, 2015.

43. Napoleon A. Chagnon, “Life Histories, Blood Revenge, and Warfare in a Tribal Population” Science 239 no. 4843 (1988): 985–992.

44. Marta Miklikowska and Douglas Fry, “Natural Born Nonkillers: A Critique of the Killers-Have-More-Kids Idea.” In Nonkilling Psychology, edited by Daniel Christie and Joan Evan Pim (Honolulu: Center for Global Nonkilling, 2012), 61.

45. Nicholas Lemann, “The Bell Curve Flattened,” Slate, January 18, http://www.slate.com/articles/briefi...flattened.html.

46. Catalogue for Philanthropy, “Partners in Health: A Non Profit Corporation,” http://www.philanthropydirectory.org...it-corporation

47. The Partners in Health approach and mission are described in http://www.pih.org/pages/our-mission; http://www.pih.org/pages/our-principles; and http://www.pih.org/priority-programs...health-workers.

48. Fredrick Barth, “Ethnicity and the Concept of Culture.” Program on Nonviolent Sanctions and Cultural Survival Seminar Synopses Paper presented to the Conference “Rethinking Culture,” Harvard University, 1995, 1.

49. Ibid., 7.

50. Ibid., 8.

51. “Kidney Broker Pleads Guilty in First U.S. Organ Trafficking Prosecution, Bloomberg Business, October 27, 2011, http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articl...ng-prosecution.

52. “Operation Bid Rig,” Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Bid_Rig.

53. Nancy Scheper-Hughes, “The Rosenbaum Kidney Trafficking Gang,” Counterpunch, November 30, 2011, www.counterpunch.org/2011/11/30/the-rosenbaum-kidney-trafficking-gang.

54. “Edward Snowden,” Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Snowden.

55. Dana Priest and William M. Arkin, “Monitoring America.” Washington Post, December 19, 2010, http://projects.washingtonpost.com/t...toring-america.

56. Ibid.