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7.7: Chapter Glossary and References

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    106880
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    Glossary of Key Terms

    Economic anthropology - defined by Wilk in 1996 as "the part of the discipline [of anthropology] that debates issues of human nature that relate directly to the decisions of daily life and making a living."

    Production - the process by which natural resources are converted into a more useable form for humans.

    Distribution - the movement of goods and services from the place of manufacture or production to the place of consumption.

    Consumption - the taking in or using up of materials needed for humans to survive.

    Modes of exchange - the patterns by which distribution happens, including reciprocity, redistribution, and market exchange.

    Reciprocity - trading goods and services that are of the same value; the three anthropological types of this are generalized, balanced, and negative.

    Redistribution - secondary distribution so that every member of a group contributes economically and then receives the amount of goods that they need.

    Market Exchange - exchanging goods in terms of monetary value and continuing through a supply and demand price mechanism.

    Labor - the work that connects human groups to the environment around them.

    Modes of Production - the grouping of social relations through which labor is used to harness energy from the environment in the forms of tools, skills, organization, and knowledge.

    Means of Production - the actual tools, skills, organization, and knowledge used to take energy from nature.

    Relations of Production - the social relations which connect people who use a certain means of production in the context of a certain mode of production.

    Affluence - the state of more than the amount necessary to fulfill consumption needs.

    Economizing - to practice economically advantageous practices such as avoiding waste, reducing expenditures, or to make economic use of something.

    Animal Husbandry - to create a land to human means by domesticating animals and breeding them to fulfill the need in communities.

    References

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    5. Encyclopedia of World Cultures. . Retrieved November 30, 2016 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bedouin.
    6. United States Department of Agriculture's News Release: Family Farms are the Focus of New Agriculture Census Data
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    10. Welsch, Robert Louis, and Luis Antonio Vivanco. "Foodways: Finding, Making, and Eating Food." Cultural Anthropology: Asking Questions About Humanity. New York: Oxford UP, 2015. 157-83. Print.
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    Black Gold. Dir. Mark Francis. Perf. Tadesse Meskela. DVD. 2006.

    Can Microcredit Alleviate Rural Poverty? A Case Study of Bangladesh. Haque, Muhammad Sayeedul. WASET.org. 2008.

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    James, Paul. "Modes of Production." Western Washington University, Bellingham. 10 Feb. 2009.

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    <www.mumbainet.com/template1.php?CID=15>.

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    James, Paul. "Modes of Production." Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA. 12 Feb. 2009.

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    7.7: Chapter Glossary and References is shared under a CC BY-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Wikibooks - Cultural Anthropology.

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