Skip to main content
Social Sci LibreTexts


  • Page ID
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    ( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\)

    \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\)

    \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorA}[1]{\vec{#1}}      % arrow\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorAt}[1]{\vec{\text{#1}}}      % arrow\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorB}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorC}[1]{\textbf{#1}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorD}[1]{\overrightarrow{#1}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorDt}[1]{\overrightarrow{\text{#1}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectE}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash{\mathbf {#1}}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)

    Adovasio, J. M., and Jake Page. 2002. The First Americans: In Pursuit of America’s Greatest Mystery. New York: Random House.

    Alexie, Sherman. 1994. The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven. New York: Harper Collins Press.

    Ambler, Marjane. 1992. “Women Leaders in Indian Education.” Tribal College. 3 (4): 10-15.

    Armstrong, William H. 1989. Warrior in Two Camps: Ely S. Parker, Union General and Seneca Chief. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.

    Ashmore, Wendy, and Robert J. Sharer. 2006. Discovering Our Past: A Brief Introduction to Archaeology. 4th ed. Boston: McGraw Hill.

    Barton, C. Michael, Geoffrey A. Clark, David R. Yesner, and Georges A. Pearson. 2004. The Settlement of the American Continents: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Human Biogeography. Tuscan: The University of Arizona Press.

    Bataille, Gretchen M., and Kathleen Mullen Sands. 1987. American Indian Women: Telling Their Lives. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

    Bee, Robert L. 1990. “The Predicament of the Native American Leader: A Second Look.” Human Organization 49 (1): 56-63.

    Bernstein, Alison R. 1991. American Indians and World War II: Toward a New Era in Indian Affairs. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

    Berthrong, Donald J. 1992. “Struggle for Power: The Impact of Southern Cheyenne and Arapaho ‘Schoolboys’ on Tribal Politics.” American Indian Quarterly 16 (1): 1-24.

    Blackhawk, Ned. 2006. Violence Over the Land: Indians and Empires in the Early American West. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

    Blu, Karen I. 1980. The Lumbee Problem: The Making of an American Indian People. New York: Cambridge University Press.

    Bonvillain, Nancy. 2001. Native Nations: Cultures and Histories of Native North America. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

    Brading, David. 1997. “Prophet and Apostle: Bartolomé de las Casas and the Spiritual Conquest of America.” In Christianity and Missions, 1450–1800, edited by J. S. Cummins, 117-138. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate/Variorum.

    Bright, William. 1984. American Indian Linguistics and Literature. Berlin: Mouton.

    Brody, Hugh. 1981. Maps and Dreams: Indians and the British Columbia Frontier. Prospect Heights: Waveland.

    Bruchac, Joseph. 1985. Iroquois Stories: Heroes and Heroines, Monsters and Magic. Trumansburg, NY: Crossing.

    Bumsted, J. M. 1996. The Red River Rebellion. Winnipeg, MB: Watson and Dwyer.

    Caldwell, Joseph R., and Robert L. Hall, eds. 1964. Hopewellian Studies. Springfield: State of Illinois.

    Callicott, J. Baird, and Michael P. Nelson, eds. 1998. The Great New Wilderness Debate. Athens: University of Georgia Press.

    Calloway, Colin G. 1995. The American Revolution in Indian Country: Crisis and Diversity in Native American Communities. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Child, Brenda J. 1998. Boarding School Seasons: American Indian Families, 1900–1940. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

    Clark, Ella Elizabeth. 1991. Indian Legends of Canada. Toronto, ON: McClelland and Stewart.

    Clifford, James. 1991. “Four Northwest Coast Museums: Travel Reflections.” In Exhibiting Cultures: The Poetics and Politics of Museum Display, edited by Ivan Karp and Steven D. Lavine, 212–254. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution.

    Cowan, Richard. “Gold and Silver: Spain and the New World” Essays on Geology, History, and People.

    Cronon, William. 1983. Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England. New York: Hill and Wang.

    Crosby, Alfred W. 1986. Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900–1900. New York: Cambridge University Press.

    Cummins, J. S., ed. 1997. Christianity and Missions, 1450–1800. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate/Variorum.

    Cushman, H. B. 1999. History of the Choctaw, Chickasaw and Natchez Indians. Edited by Angie Debo. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

    Dahlberg, Frances, ed. 1981. Woman the Gatherer. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

    von Däniken, Erich. 1973. Chariots of the Gods. New York: Berkley.

    Darian–Smith, Eve. 2004. New Capitalists: Law, Politics, and Identity Surrounding Casino Gaming on Native American Land. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.

    Debo, Angie. 1970. A History of the Indians of the United States. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

    ———. 1966. And Still the Waters Run: The Betrayal of the Five Civilized Tribes. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

    Deloria, Ella Cara. 1990. Waterlily. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

    Deloria, Vine, Jr. 1973. God is Red. New York: Dell.

    Denevan, William M. 1992. “The Pristine Myth: The Landscape of the Americas in 1492.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 82 (3): 369–385.

    ———. 1996. “Carl Sauer and Native American Population Size.” Geographical Review 86 (3): 385–397.

    Diamond, Jared. 1987. “The Worst Mistake in the History of the Human Race.” Discover Magazine: 64–66.

    ———. 1997. Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. New York: W. W. Norton.

    ———. 2005. Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed. New York: Viking Penguin.

    Dobyns, Henry F. 1983. Their Number Become Thinned: Native American Population Dynamics in Eastern North America. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

    Doran, Glen H., ed. 2002. Windover: Multidisciplinary Investigations of an Early Archaic Florida Cemetery. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.

    Doran, Glen H., David N. Dickel, William E. Ballinger Jr., O. Frank Agee, Philip J. Laipis, and William W. Hauswirth. 1986. “Anatomical, Cellular and Molecular Analysis of 8,000-yr-old Human Brain Tissue from the Windover Archaeological Site.” Nature 323: 803–806.

    Edmunds, R. David. 1984. Tecumseh and the Quest for Indian Leadership. Boston: Little, Brown.

    Erdoes, Richard, and Alfonso Ortiz, eds. 1984. American Indian Myths and Legends. New York: Pantheon Books.

    Etienne, Mona, and Eleanor Leacock, eds. 1980. Women and Colonization: Anthropological Perspectives. New York: Bergin and Garvey.

    Fagan, Brian M. 1989. The Great Journey: The Peopling of Ancient America. New York: Thames and Hudson.

    Finster, David. 1975. “Museums and Medicine Bundles.” Indian Historian 8 (2): 40-48.

    Fisher, Robin. 1977. Contact and Conflict: Indian–European Relations in British Columbia, 1774-1890. Vancouver, BC: UBC Press.

    Forbes, Jack D. 1993. Africans and Native Americans: The Language of Race and the Evolution of Red–Black Peoples. Urbana: University of Illinois.

    Francis, Daniel, and Toby Morantz. 1983. Partners in Furs: A History of the Fur Trade in Eastern James Bay 1600–1870. Kingston, ON: McGill–Queen’s University Press.

    Freire, Paulo. 1970. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York: Herder and Herder Press.

    Gallay, Alan. 2002. The Indian Slave Trade: The Rise of the English Empire in the American South, 1670–1717. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

    Gansworth, Eric. 1998. Indian Summers. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press.

    Giorgio, J. F del. 2006. The Oldest Europeans: Who Are We? Where Do We Come From? What Made European Women Different? N.p.: A.J. Place.

    Goodenough, Ward H. 1981. Culture, Language, and Society. Menlo Park, CA: Benjamin/Cummings.

    Gould, Stephan Jay. 1981. The Mismeasure of Man. New York: W. W. Norton.

    Graymont, Barbara. 1972. The Iroquois in the American Revolution. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.

    Greenbaum, Susan D. “In Search of Lost Tribes: Anthropology and the Federal Acknowledgment Process.” Human Organization 44 (4): 361–367.

    Greenberg, Joseph H. 1987. Languages in the Americas. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

    Grinnell, George Bird. 1972. The Cheyenne Indians: Their History and Ways of Life. 2 vols. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

    Griswold del Castillo, Richard. 1992. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: A Legacy of Conflict. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

    Heizer, Robert F. 1978. “The Impact of Euro-American Exploration and Settlement in California.” California, 99–127. Vol. 8 of Handbook of North American Indians, edited by William C. Sturtevant. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution.

    Heizer, Robert F., and Alan J. Almquist. 1971. The Other Californians: Prejudice and Discrimination under Spain, Mexico, and the United States to 1920. Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Herzfeld, Michael. 2001. Anthropology: Theoretical Practice in Culture and Society. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

    Hetherington, Renée, J. Vaughn Barrie, Roger MacLeod, and Michael Wilson. 2004. “Quest for the Lost Land.” Geotimes.

    Hoebel, E. Adamson. 1960. The Cheyennes: Indians of the Great Plains. New York: Holt, Rhinehart and Winston.

    Holm, Tom. 1996. Strong Hearts, Wounded Souls: Native American Veterans of the Vietnam War. Austin: University of Texas Press.

    Horsman, Reginald. 1986. Race and Manifest Destiny: The Origins of American Racial Anglo–Saxonism. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

    Houston, Alma. 1988. Inuit Art: An Anthology. Winnipeg: J. Gordon Shillingford Publishing.

    Howe, LeAnne. 2001. Shell Shaker. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Books.

    ———. 2007. The Miko Kings: An Indian Baseball Story. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Books.

    Hoxie, Frederick E., and Peter Iverson, eds. 1998. Indians in American History: An Introduction. 2nd ed. Wheeling: Harlan Davidson.

    Ingstad, Anne Stine. 1977. The Discovery of a Norse Settlement in America: Excavations at L’Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland, 1961–1968. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.

    Jackson, Lionel E., Jr., and Michael C. Wilson. 2004. “The Ice-Free Corridor Revisited.” Geotimes.

    Jaggar, Alison, and Paula Rothenberg. 1984. Feminist Frameworks: Alternative Theoretical Accounts of the Relations Between Women and Men. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.

    Jaimes, M. Annette, ed. 1992. The State of Native America: Genocide, Colonization, and Resistance. Boston: South End Press.

    Jarvenpa, Robert. 1998. Northern Passage: Ethnography and Apprenticeship Among the Subarctic Dene. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland.

    Jennings, Francis. 1976. The Invasion of America: Indians, Colonialism, and the Cant of Conquest. New York: W. W. Norton.

    ———, ed. 1985. The History and Culture of Iroquois Diplomacy: An Interdisciplinary Guide to the Treaties of the Six Nations and Their League. With the assistance of William N. Fenton, Mary A. Druke, and David R. Miller. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.

    ———. 1988. Empire of Fortune: Crowns, Colonies and Tribes in the Seven Years in America. New York: W. W. Norton.

    Johansen, Bruce E. 1982. Forgotten Founders: Benjamin Franklin, the Iroquois, and the Rationale for the American Revolution. Boston: Harvard Common Press.

    Jorgensen, Joseph G. 1972. The Sun Dance Religion: Power for the Powerless. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    ———. 1980. Western Indians: Comparative Environments, Languages, and Cultures of 172 Western American Indian Tribes. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.

    Judkins, Russell. 2004. Lewis Henry Morgan’s League of the Iroquois: The Ethnographic Core. North Andover, MA: Persimmon.

    Judson, Katherine Berry, ed. 1912. Myths and Legends of California and the Old Southwest. Chicago: A. C. McClurg.

    Kamp, Kathryn. 1998. Life in a Pueblo: Understanding the Past Through Archaeology. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland.

    Kaplan, David, and Robert A. Manners. 1986. Culture Theory. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland.

    Kehoe, Alice Beck. 1998. The Land of Prehistory: A Critical History of American Archaeology. New York: Routledge.

    King, Thomas. 1990. Medicine River. Markham, ON: Viking.

    ———, ed. 1992. All My Relations: An Anthology of Contemporary Canadian Native Fiction. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

    ———. 1993. Green Grass, Running Water. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

    Klein, Laura F., and Lillian A. Ackerman, eds. 1995. Women and Power in Native North America. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

    Krouse, Susan Applegate. 2008. North American Indians in the Great War. Lincoln: University of Nebraska.

    Kupferer, Harriet J. 1988. Ancient Drums, Other Moccasins: Native North American Cultural Adaptation. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

    Kupperman, Karen Ordahl. 2000. Indians and English: Facing Off in Early America. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

    Ladd, Edmund J. 1979. “Zuni Economy.” Southwest, edited by Alfonso Ortiz, 492–498. Vol. 9 of Handbook of North American Indians, edited by William C. Sturtevant. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution.

    Landsman, Gail. 1979. “The Ghost Dance and the Policy of Land Allotment.” American Sociological Review 44 (1): 162-166.

    ———. 1988. Sovereignty and Symbol: Indian-White Conflict at Ganienkeh. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

    Lepore, Jill. 1998. The Name of War: King Philip’s War and the Origins of American Identity. New York: Knopf.

    Locust, Carol. 1988. “Wounding the Spirit: Discrimination and Traditional American Indian Belief Systems.” Harvard Educational Review 58 (3): 315-331.

    Lomawaima, K. Tsianina. 1994. They Called It Prairie Light: The Story of Chilocco Indian School. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

    Malinowski, Bronislaw, and Havelock Ellis. 1929. The Sexual Life of Savages in North Western Melanesia. New York: Routledge.

    Mandelbaum, David G. 1979. The Plains Cree: An Ethnographic, Historical, and Comparative Study. Regina, SK: Canadian Plains Research Center.

    Mandryk, C. A. S. 1990. “Could Humans Survive the Ice-Free Corridor?: Late Glacial Vegetation and Climate in West Central Alberta.” In Megafauna and Man: Discovery of America’s Heartland, edited by Larry D. Agenbroad, Jim I. Mead, and Lisa W. Nelson. 67–79. Hot Springs, SD: Mammoth Site of Hot Springs.

    Mandryk, C. A. S., H. Josenhans, D. W. Fedje, and R. W. Mathewes. 2001. “Late Quaternary Paleoenvironments of Northwestern North America: Implications for Inland Versus Coastal Migration Routes.” Quaternary Science Reviews 20 (1): 301-314.

    Marcus, George E., and Michael M. J. Fischer. 1986. Anthropology as Cultural Critique: An Experimental Moment in the Human Sciences. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    McGuire, Thomas R. 1990. “Federal Indian Policy: A Framework for Evaluation.” Human Organization 49 (3): 206–216.

    McHugh, Gretchen. 1993. “Clouds Over James Bay.” Clearwater Navigator: 4-12.

    Meltzer, David J. 1992. “How Columbus Sickened the New World: Why Were Native Americans So Vulnerable to the Diseases European Settlers Brought with Them?” New Scientist, Oct. 10: 38-41.

    Merrien, Jean [pseudo.]. 1954. Lonely Voyagers. London: Thames and Hudson.

    ———. 1958. Christopher Columbus: The Mariner and the Man. San Francisco: Odhams.

    Michael, Henry, ed. 1963. Studies in Siberian Shamanism. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.

    Mihesuah, Devon A. 1998. Cultivating the Rosebuds: The Education of Women at the Cherokee Female Seminary, 1851–1909. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

    Milbrath, Lester W. 1994. “Climate and Chaos: Societal Impacts of Sudden Weather Shifts.” The Futurist, May/June: 26-28.

    Miles, Tiya, and Sharon P. Holland, eds. 2006. Crossing Waters, Crossing Worlds: The African Diaspora in Indian Country. Durham: Duke University Press.

    Milloy, John S. 1988. The Plains Cree: Trade, Diplomacy and War, 1790 to 1870. Winnipeg, MB: University of Manitoba Press.

    Molnar, Stephen. 1998. Human Variation: Races, Types, and Ethnic Groups. 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

    Montagu, Ashley. 1997. Man’s Most Dangerous Myth: The Fallacy of Race. 6th ed. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira.

    Mooney, James. 1965. The Ghost-Dance Religion and the Sioux Outbreak of 1890. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Morgan, Lewis Henry. 1962. League of the Iroquois. Secaucus, NJ: Corinth Books.

    Nadel, Siegfried F. 1964. The Theory of Social Structure. Glencoe, IL: Free Press of Glencoe.

    Nanda, Serena. 2000. Gender Diversity: Crosscultural Variations. Long Grove, IL: Waveland.

    Nielsen, Joyce McCarl. 1990. Sex and Gender in Society: Perspectives on Stratification. 2nd ed. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland.

    Ortiz, Alfonso. 1969. The Tewa World: Space, Time and Becoming in a Pueblo Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Pääbo, Svante. 1993. “Ancient DNA.” Scientific American, 269 (5): 87–92.

    Pääbo, Svante, John A. Gifford, and Allan C. Wilson. 1988. “Mitochondrial DNA Sequences from a 7000-year-old Brain.” Nucleic Acids Research, 16 (20) 9775–9787.

    Paper, Jordan. 1993. “A Material Case for a Late Bering Strait Crossing Coincident with Pre-Columbian Trans-Pacific Crossings.” Sino-Platonic Papers, edited by Victor H. Mair, 39.

    Park, George K. 1974. The Idea of Social Structure. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books.

    Parker, Arthur C. 1989. Seneca Myths and Folk Tales. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

    Penney, David W. 2004. North American Indian Art. London: Thames and Hudson.

    Perdue, Theda. 1998. Cherokee Women: Gender and Culture Change, 1700–1835. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

    ———, ed. 2001. Sifters: Native American Women’s Lives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Peters, Virginia Bergman. 2000. Women of the Earth Lodges: Tribal Life on the Plains. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

    Pettipas, Katherine. 1994. Severing the Ties that Bind: Government Repression of Indigenous Religious Ceremonies on the Prairies. Winnipeg, MB: University of Manitoba Press.

    Prucha, Francis Paul, ed. 1975. Documents of United States Indian Policy. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

    Reyhner, Jon, and Jeanne Eder. 2006. American Indian Education: A History. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

    Richter, Daniel K. 2001. Facing East from Indian Country: A Native History of Early America. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

    Roberts, John M., and David M. Schneider. 1965. Zuni Daily Life and Zuni Kin Terms. New Haven, CT: Human Relations Area Files Press.

    Robertson, James Alexander, trans. 1993. “True Relation of the Hardships Suffered by Governor Don Hernando de Soto and Certain Portuguese Gentlemen in the Discovery of the Province of Florida, Now Newly Set Forth by a Gentleman of Elvas.” In The De Soto Chronicles: The Expedition of Hernando de Soto to North America in 1539–1543, edited by Lawrence A. Clayton, Vernon James Knight, Jr., and Edward C. Moore, Vol. 1, 41–168. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.

    Rosaldo, Michelle Zimbalist, and Louise Lamphere, eds. 1974. Women, Culture, and Society. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

    Sanday, Peggy Reeves. 1981. Female Power and Male Dominance: On the Origins of Sexual Inequality. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

    ———. 2002. Women at the Center: Life in a Modern Matriarchy. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

    Sanday, Peggy Reeves, and Ruth Gallagher Goodenough, eds. 1990. Beyond the Second Sex: New Directions in the Anthropology of Gender. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

    Sarris, Greg. 1993. Keeping Slug Woman Alive: A Holistic Approach to American Indian Texts. Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Schoepfle, Mark, Michael Burton, and Frank Morgan. 1984. “Navajos and Energy Development: Economic Decision Making Under Political Uncertainty. Human Organization 43 (3): 265–276.

    Schwarz, Maureen Trudelle. 1997. Molded in the Image of Changing Woman: Navajo Views on the Human Body and Personhood. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

    ———. 2003. Blood and Voice: Navajo Women Ceremonial Practitioners. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

    ———. 1994. Grand Avenue: A Novel in Stories. New York: Hyperion.

    Service, Elman Rogers. 1962. Primitive Social Organization: An Evolutionary Perspective. New York: Random House.

    Shoemaker, Nancy, ed. 1995. Negotiators of Change: Historical Perspectives on Native American Women. New York: Routledge.

    ———. 1999. American Indian Population Recovery in the Twentieth Century. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

    Simmons, William S. 1986. Spirit of the New England Tribes: Indian History and Folklore. Lebanon, NH: University Press of New England.

    Slocum, Sally. 1975. “Woman the Gatherer: Male Bias in Anthropology.” In Toward an Anthropology of Women, edited by Rayna R. Reiter. 36-50. New York: Monthly Review Press.

    Smith, Paul Chaat. 2009. Everything You Know About Indians Is Wrong. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

    Smith, Paul Chaat, and Robert Allen Warrior. 1996. Like a Hurricane: The Indian Movement from Alcatraz to Wounded Knee. New York: New Press.

    Sorenson, John L., and Carl L. Johannessen. 2004. “Scientific Evidence for Pre-Columbian Transoceanic Voyages.” Sino-Platonic Papers 133, edited by Victor H. Mair.

    Sowell, Thomas. 1994. Race and Culture: A World View. New York: Basic Books.

    Stengel, Marc K. 2000. “The Diffusionists Have Landed.” Atlantic Monthly, January: 35-48.

    Stone, Linda. 2006. Kinship and Gender: An Introduction. 3rd ed. Boulder, CO: Westview.

    Strauss, Joseph H., and Kenneth Pepion. 1993. “Broken Promises: An American Indian Case Study.” Thought and Action 8 (2): 77–87.

    Sturtevant, William C., ed. 1978-2008. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution.

    Sutton, Mark Q. 2008. An Introduction to Native North America. 3rd ed. Boston: Pearson.

    Tattersall, Ian. 1999. Becoming Human: Evolution and Human Uniqueness. New York: Harcourt, Brace.

    Taylor, Alan. 2006. The Divided Ground: Indians, Settlers, and the Northern Borderland of the American Revolution. New York: Knopf.

    Terrell, John Upton. 1971. American Indian Almanac. New York: World Publishing Company.

    Thomas, David Hurst. 2000. Skull Wars: Kennewick Man, Archaeology, and The Battle for Native American Identity. New York: Basic Books.

    Tooker, Elisabeth, and Morton H. Fried. 1983. The Development of Political Organization in Native North America: 1979 Proceedings of the American Ethnological Society. Washington, DC: American Ethnographical Society.

    Tuck, James A. 1976. Newfoundland and Labrador Prehistory. Ottawa, ON: National Museum of Canada.

    Van Kirk, Sylvia. 1990. Many Tender Ties: Women in Fur-Trade Society, 1670–1870. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

    Van Sertima, Ivan. 2003. They Came Before Columbus: The African Presence in Ancient America. New York: Random House.

    Venbrux, Eric, Pamela Sheffield Rosi, and Robert L. Welsch. 2006. Exploring World Art. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press.

    Wallace, Anthony F. C. 1972.The Death and Rebirth of the Seneca. New York: Vintage Books.

    Weatherford, Jack. 1988. Indian Givers: How the Indians of the Americas Transformed the World. New York: Crown.

    ———. 1991. Native Roots: How the Indians Enriched America. New York: Crown.

    White, Richard. 1983. The Roots of Dependency: Subsistence, Environment, and Social Change Among the Choctaws, Pawnees, and Navajos. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

    White, Robert H. 1990. Tribal Assets: The Rebirth of Native America. New York: Henry Holt.

    Wickett, Murray R. 2000. Contested Territory: Whites, Native Americans and African Americans in Oklahoma, 1865–1907. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.

    Williams, Walter L. 1986. The Spirit and the Flesh: Sexual Diversity in American Indian Culture. Boston: Beacon.

    Wilson, A. C., S. S. Carlson, and T. J. White. 1977. “Biochemical Evolution.” Annual Review of Biochemistry 46: 573–639.

    Wilson, James. 1998. The Earth Shall Weep: A History of Native America. New York: Grove Press.

    Witherspoon, Gary. 1975. Navajo Kinship and Marriage. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Wolfe, Eric R. 1982. Europe and the People Without History. Berkeley: University of California Press.


    An excellent source of videos about Native Americans in the United States is Native American Public Telecommunications, 1800 N. 33rd. St., Lincoln, NE 68503 and in Canada the National Film Board of Canada, PO Box 6100, Station Centre-Ville, Montreal, Quebec.

    Black Indians: An American Story. Rich-Heape Films, Inc. 5952 Royal Lane. Suite 254 Dallas, TX 75230.

    Daughters of the Country. National Film Board of Canada. PO Box 6100. Station Centre-Ville, Montreal, Quebec.

    House Made of Dawn. New Line Home Video.

    500 Hundred Nations. Warner Home Video.

    How the West Was Lost, volumes I and III. Discovery Enterprises Group, Bethesda, MD 20814.

    In Whose Honor: American Indian Mascots in Sports. New Day Films. 22D. Hollywood Ave. Ho-ho-kus, NJ 07423.

    Indian Country Diaries. Native American Public Telecommunications. Visionmaker Videos. Box 83111, Lincoln, NE 68501.

    Medicine River. Sterling Entertainment Group. Fort Mill, SC 29708.

    Mountain Wolf Woman. Women’s History and Literature Media. PO Box 5264, Madison, WI 53705.

    Myths and Moundbuilders. PBS Video, Public Broadcasting Service.

    Native American Men’s and Women’s Dance Styles, volumes I and II. Full Circle Videos.

    Smoke Signals. Buena Vista Home Entertainment. Burbank, CA 91521.

    The People Today: Native Americans Examine the Impact of the Catholic Church on the Tribes of the Plateau and Northern Rockies. DeSmet Project, Washington State University, Pullman.

    Those Who Came Before. Southwestern Parks and Monuments Association, Tucson, AZ.

    Weaving Two Worlds: Tradition and Economic Survival. PBS Video, Public Broadcasting Service

    • Was this article helpful?