# 9.1: Readings for Part I—Dominant and Minority Groups

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## Dominant and Minority Groups

A Suggestion on the Negro Problem. Charlotte Perkins Gilman. The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 14, No. 1. (Jul., 1908), pp. 78-85.

The Religious Context of Prejudice (in Psychological Studies). Gordon W. Allport. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, Vol. 5, No. 3. (Autumn, 1966), pp. 447-457.

The Functional Autonomy of Motives. Gordon W. Allport, The American Journal of Psychology, Vol. 50, No. 1/4, Golden Jubilee Volume 1887-1937. (Nov., 1937), pp. 141-156.

An Analysis of Rumor. Gordon W. Allport; Leo Postman. The Public Opinion Quarterly, Vol. 10, No. 4. (Winter, 1946-1947), pp. 501-517.

Attitudes and the Social Act. Herbert Blumer. Social Problems, Vol. 3, No. 2. (Oct., 1955), pp. 59-65.

Social Problems as Collective Behavior . Herbert Blumer. Social Problems, Vol. 18, No. 3. (Winter, 1971), pp. 298-306.

Social Science and the Desegregation Process (in Principles for Planning). Herbert Blumer. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 304, Racial Desegregation and Integration. (Mar., 1956), pp. 137-143.

Race Prejudice as a Sense of Group Position. Herbert Blumer. The Pacific Sociological Review, Vol. 1, No. 1. (Spring, 1958), pp. 3-7.

Phylon: Science or Propaganda. W. E. B. DuBois. Phylon (1940-1956), Vol. 5, No. 1 (1st Qtr., 1944), pp. 5-9.

The Rural South. W. E. B. DuBois. Publications of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 13, No. 97 (Mar., 1912), pp. 80-84.

How the Public Received The Journal of Negro History. The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Apr., 1916), pp. 225-232.

Africa and World Freedom. W. E. B. DuBois, Ira De A. Reid. Phylon (1940-1956), Vol. 4, Supplement: Freedom in the Modern World: Four Broadcasts by the People's College of Atlanta University (2nd Qtr., 1943), pp. 8-12.

The Continuing Significance of Race: Antiblack Discrimination in Public Places. Joe R. Feagin. American Sociological Review, Vol. 56, No. 1. (Feb., 1991), pp. 101-116.

How Black Students Cope with Racism on White Campuses. Joe R. Feagin; Melvin P. Sikes. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, No. 8. (Summer, 1995), pp. 91-97.

Discrimination: Motivation, Action, Effects, and Context. Joe R. Feagin; Douglas Lee Eckberg. Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 6. (1980), pp. 1-20.

Superior Intellect?: Sincere Fictions of the White Self. Hernan Vera; Joe R. Feagin; Andrew Gordon. The Journal of Negro Education, Vol. 64, No. 3, Myths and Realities: African Americans and the Measurement of Human Abilities. (Summer, 1995), pp. 295-306.

Prejudice, Orthodoxy and the Social Situation. Joe R. Feagin. Social Forces, Vol. 44, No. 1. (Sep., 1965), pp. 46-56.

Racial Barriers to African American Entrepreneurship: An Exploratory Study. Joe R. Feagin; Nikitah Imani. Social Problems, Vol. 41, No. 4. (Nov., 1994), pp. 562-584.

The Continuing Significance of Racism: Discrimination Against Black Students in White Colleges. Joe R. Feagin. Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 22, No. 4. (Jun., 1992), pp. 546-578.

White Separatists and Black Separatists: A Comparative Analysis. Joe R. Feagin. Social Problems, Vol. 19, No. 2. (Autumn, 1971), pp. 167-180.

Herbert J. Gans. The Uses of Poverty: The Poor Pay All. Social Policy July/August 1971: pp. 20-24. www.soc.duke.edu/~jcook/gans.html. Retrieved (1 of 6) 4/9/2007 2:28:32 PM.

The Positive Functions of Poverty. Herbert J. Gans. The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 78, No. 2. (Sep., 1972), pp. 275-289.

The Ghetto Rebellions and Urban Class Conflict. Herbert J. Gans. Proceedings of the Academy of Political Science, Vol. 29, No. 1, Urban Riots: Violence and Social Change. (1968), pp. 42-51.

“Underclass”: Problems with the Term. Herbert J. Gans; Ronald B. Mincy; Isabel V. Sawhill; Douglas A. Wolf. Science, New Series, Vol. 248, No. 4962. (Jun. 22, 1990), pp. 1472-1473.

A Suggestion on the Negro Problem. Charlotte Perkins Gilman. The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 14, No. 1. (Jul., 1908), pp. 78-85.

The Negro Family: The Case for National Action. U.S. Department of Labor; Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy. The Negro Family: The Case for National Action. Office of Policy Planning and Research. United States Department of Labor, March 1965. www.dol.gov/oasam/programs/hi...d-meynihan.htm

Urban Conditions: General. Daniel P. Moynihan. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 371, Social Goals and Indicators for American Society, Volume 1. (May, 1967), pp. 159-177.

Have the Poor Been “Losing Ground”? Charles Murray. Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 100, No. 3. (Autumn, 1985), pp. 427-445.

Welfare and the Family: The U.S. Experience. Charles Murray. Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 11, No. 1, Part 2: U.S. and Canadian Income Maintenance Programs. (Jan., 1993), pp. S224-S262.

Bad News for Charles Murray: Uneducated White Women Give Birth to More Babies Than Do Uneducated Black Women. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, No. 19. (Spring, 1998), pp. 68-69.

IQ and Income Inequality in a Sample of Sibling Pairs from Advantaged Family Backgrounds. Charles Murray. The American Economic Review, Vol. 92, No. 2, Papers and Proceedings of the One Hundred Fourteenth Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association. (May, 2002), pp. 339-343.

A Conversation with Charles Murray. Think Tank Transcripts: A Conversation With Charles Murray. http://www.pbs.org/thinktank/show_129.html

Social Trends in America and Strategic Approaches to the Negro Problem. Gunnar Myrdal. Phylon (1940-1956), Vol. 9, No. 3. (3rd Qtr., 1948), pp. 196-214.

Population Problems and Policies. Gunnar Myrdal. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 197, Social Problems and Policies in Sweden. (May, 1938), pp. 200-215. Stable URL: links.jstor.org/sici?sici=000...3E2.0.CO%3B2-7

Gunnar Myrdal on Population Policy in the Underdeveloped World (in Archives). Gunnar Myrdal. Population and Development Review, Vol. 13, No. 3. (Sep., 1987), pp. 531-540.

The Equality Issue in World Development. Gunnar Myrdal. The American Economic Review, Vol. 79, No. 6, Nobel Lectures and 1989 Survey of Members. (Dec., 1989), pp. 8-17.

Negro Home Life and Standards of Living (in Social Conditions and Problems). Robert E. Park. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 49, The Negro’s Progress in Fifty Years. (Sep., 1913), pp. 147-163.

The Bases of Race Prejudice (in Race Relations). Robert E. Park, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 140, The American Negro. (Nov., 1928), pp. 11-20.

The Conflict and Fusion of Cultures with Special Reference to the Negro. Robert E. Park. The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 4, No. 2. (Apr., 1919), pp. 111-133.

Racial Assimilation in Secondary Groups With Particular Reference to the Negro. Robert E. Park. The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 19, No. 5. (Mar., 1914), pp. 606-623.

Human Nature and Collective Behavior. Robert E. Park. The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 32, No. 5. (Mar., 1927), pp. 733-741.

The Social Function of War Observations and Notes. Robert E. Park. The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 46, No. 4. (Jan., 1941), pp. 551-570.

Caribbean Diasporas: Migration and Ethnic Communities. Alejandro Portes; Ramón Grosfoguel. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 533, Trends in U.S.-Caribbean Relations. (May, 1994), pp. 48-69.

Disproving the Enclave Hypothesis: Reply. Alejandro Portes; Leif Jensen. American Sociological Review, Vol. 57, No. 3. (Jun., 1992), pp. 418-420.

TAP: Vol. 7, Iss. 25. Global Villagers. Alejandro Portes. Global Villagers: The Rise of Transnational Communities. http://www.prospect.org/ file:///F|/Portes Ethnic Enclaves 5.htm. (1 of 6) 3/21/2007 3:25:12 PM

Immigration Theory for a New Century: Some Problems and Opportunities. Alejandro Portes. International Migration Review, Vol. 31, No. 4, Special Issue: Immigrant Adaptation and Native-Born Responses in the Making of Americans. (Winter, 1997), pp. 799-825.

Making Sense of Diversity: Recent Research on Hispanic Minorities in the United States. Alejandro Portes; Cynthia Truelove. Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 13. (1987), pp. 359-385.

Revisiting the Enclave Hypothesis: Miami Twenty-Five Years Later. Alejandro Portes and Steven Shafer. Princeton University, May 2006. CMD Working Paper #06-10 The Center for Migration and Immigration and Development Working Paper Series • Princeton University. cmd.princeton.edu/papers/wp0610.pdf. cmd.princeton.edu/papers.shtml

No Margin for Error: Educational and Occupational Achievement among Disadvantaged Children of Immigrants . cmd.princeton.edu/papers/wp0703.pdf

Unwelcome Immigrants: The Labor Market Experiences of 1980 (Mariel) Cuban and Haitian Refugees in South Florida. Alejandro Portes; Alex Stepick. American Sociological Review, Vol. 50, No. 4. (Aug., 1985), pp. 493-514.

The Social Origins of the Cuban Enclave Economy of Miami. Alejandro Portes. Sociological Perspectives, Vol. 30, No. 4, The Ethnic Economy. (Oct., 1987), pp. 340-372.

The Rise of Ethnicity: Determinants of Ethnic Perceptions Among Cuban Exiles in Miami. Alejandro Portes. American Sociological Review, Vol. 49, No. 3. (Jun., 1984), pp. 383-397.

Embeddedness and Immigration: Notes on the Social Determinants of Economic Action. Alejandro Portes; Julia Sensenbrenner. The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 98, No. 6. (May, 1993), pp. 1320-1350.

Immigrant Enclaves: An Analysis of the Labor Market Experiences of Cubans in Miami. Kenneth L. Wilson; Alejandro Portes. The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 86, No. 2. (Sep., 1980), pp. 295-319.

Introduction: Immigration and Its Aftermath. Alejandro Portes. International Migration Review, Vol. 28, No. 4, Special Issue: The New Second Generation. (Winter, 1994), pp. 632-639.

Self-Employment and the Earnings of Immigrants. Alejandro Portes; Min Zhou. American Sociological Review, Vol. 61, No. 2. (Apr., 1996), pp. 219-230.

The Enclave and the Entrants: Patterns of Ethnic Enterprise in Miami before and after Mariel. Alejandro Portes; Leif Jensen. American Sociological Review, Vol. 54, No. 6. (Dec., 1989), pp. 929-949.

The New Second Generation: Segmented Assimilation and Its Variants. Alejandro Portes; Min Zhou. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 530, Interminority Affairs in the U.S.: Pluralism at the Crossroads. (Nov., 1993), pp. 74-96.

The Poor. Georg Simmel; Claire Jacobson. Social Problems, Vol. 13, No. 2. (Autumn, 1965), pp. 118-140.

Race Psychology: Standpoint and Questionnaire, With Particular Reference to the Immigrant and the Negro. W. I. Thomas. The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 17, No. 6. (May, 1912), pp. 725-775.

The Psychology of Race-Prejudice. William I. Thomas. The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 9, No. 5. (Mar., 1904), pp. 593-611.

The Mind of Woman and the Lower Races. William I. Thomas. The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 12, No. 4. (Jan., 1907), pp. 435-469.

Some Principles of Stratification: A Critical Analysis. Melvin M. Tumin. American Sociological Review, Vol. 18, No. 4. (Aug., 1953), pp. 387-394.

Superior Intellect?: Sincere Fictions of the White Self (in The Politics of Race and Science). Hernan Vera; Joe R. Feagin; Andrew Gordon. The Journal of Negro Education, Vol. 64, No. 3, Myths and Realities: African Americans and the Measurement of Human Abilities. (Summer, 1995), pp. 295-306.

Race Conflicts in the North End of Boston. William Foote Whyte. The New England Quarterly, Vol. 12, No. 4. (Dec., 1939), pp. 623-642.

Social Organization in the Slums. William Foote Whyte. American Sociological Review, Vol. 8, No. 1. (Feb., 1943), pp. 34-39.

Corner Boys: A Study of Clique Behavior. William Foote Whyte. The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 46, No. 5. (Mar., 1941), pp. 647-664.

The Plight of the Inner-City Black Male (in Symposium on the Underclass). William Julius Wilson. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 136, No. 3. (Sep., 1992), pp. 320-325.

The Underclass: Issues, Perspectives, and Public Policy. William Julius Wilson. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 501, The Ghetto Underclass: Social Science Perspectives. (Jan., 1989), pp. 182-192.

Rising Inequality and the Case for Coalition Politics. William Julius Wilson. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 568, The Study of African American Problems: W. E. B. Du Bois’s Agenda, Then and Now. (Mar., 2000), pp. 78-99.

Studying Inner-City Social Dislocations: The Challenge of Public Agenda Research: 1990 Presidential Address. William Julius Wilson. American Sociological Review, Vol. 56, No. 1. (Feb., 1991), pp. 1-14.

Another Look at The Truly Disadvantaged. William Julius Wilson. Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 106, No. 4. (Winter, 1991-1992), pp. 639-656.

When Work Disappears. William Julius Wilson. Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 111, No. 4. (Winter, 1996-1997), pp. 567-595.

Urban Poverty. William Julius Wilson; Robert Aponte. Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 11. (1985), pp. 231-258.

The Cost of Racial and Class Exclusion in the Inner City. Loïc J. D. Wacquant; William Julius Wilson. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 501, The Ghetto Underclass: Social Science Perspectives. (Jan., 1989), pp. 8-25.

The New Economy and Racial Inequality (in Stated Meeting Report). William Julius Wilson; James O. Freedman. Bulletin of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Vol. 54, No. 4. (Summer, 2001), pp. 41-48.

Chicago Hope (in Conversations). William Julius Wilson; Eric Bryant Rhodes. Transition, No. 68. (1995), pp. 162-172.

## Ethnic Enclaves, Middleman Minorities and Immigration

A Comprehensive Immigration Policy and Program. Sidney L. Gulick. The Scientific Monthly, Vol. 6, No. 3. (Mar., 1918), pp. 214-223.

A Decomposition of Trends in Poverty among Children of Immigrants. Jennifer Van Hook; Susan L. Brown; Maxwell Ndigume Kwenda. Demography, Vol. 41, No. 4. (Nov., 2004), pp. 649-670.

A New Test and Extension of Propositions from the Bonacich Synthesis. Jose A. Cobas. Social Forces, Vol. 64, No. 2. (Dec., 1985), pp. 432-441.

An Act to Limit the Immigration of Aliens into the United States, and for Other Purposes. The American Journal of International Law, Vol. 18, No. 4, Supplement: Official Documents. (Oct., 1924), pp. 208-227.

Race/Ethnicity and Direct Democracy: An Analysis of California’s Illegal Immigration Initiative. Caroline J. Tolbert; Rodney E. Hero. The Journal of Politics, Vol. 58, No. 3. (Aug., 1996), pp. 806-818.

Beyond the Ethnic Enclave Economy. Ivan Light; Georges Sabagh; Mehdi Bozorgmehr; Claudia Der-Martirosian. Social Problems, Vol. 41, No. 1, Special Issue on Immigration, Race, and Ethnicity in America. (Feb., 1994), pp. 65-80.

E Pluribus Unum: Bilingualism and Loss of Language in the Second Generation. Alejandro Portes; Lingxin Hao. Sociology of Education, Vol. 71, No. 4. (Oct., 1998), pp. 269-294.

A Theory of Middleman Minorities. Edna Bonacich. American Sociological Review, Vol. 38, No. 5. (Oct., 1973), pp. 583-594.

Coming to Stay: An Analysis of the U.S. Census Question on Immigrants’ Year of Arrival. Ilana Redstone; Douglas S. Massey. Demography, Vol. 41, No. 4. (Nov., 2004), pp. 721-738.

Criminality and Immigration. Ervin Hacker. Journal of the American Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology, Vol. 20, No. 3. (Nov., 1929), pp. 429-438.

Do Amnesty Programs Reduce Undocumented Immigration? Evidence from IRCA. Pia M. Orrenius; Madeline Zavodny. Demography, Vol. 40, No. 3. (Aug., 2003), pp. 437-450.

“Don’t Let Them Make You Feel You Did a Crime”: Immigration Law, Labor Rights, and Farmworker Testimony. Anne Shea. MELUS, Vol. 28, No. 1, Multi-Ethnic Literatures and the Idea of Social Justice. (Spring, 2003), pp. 123-144.

Economic and Labor Market Trends. Demetra Smith Nightingale; Michael Fix. The Future of Children, Vol. 14, No. 2, Children of Immigrant Families. (Summer, 2004), pp. 48-59.

Economic Segmentation and Worker Earnings in a U.S.-Mexico Border Enclave. Scarlett G. Hardesty; Malcolm D. Holmes; James D. Williams. Sociological Perspectives, Vol. 31, No. 4. (Oct., 1988), pp. 466-489.

Ethnic Economies in Metropolitan Regions: Miami and Beyond. John R. Logan; Richard D. Alba; Thomas L. McNulty. Social Forces, Vol. 72, No. 3. (Mar., 1994), pp. 691-724.

Ethnic Enclaves and Middleman Minorities: Alternative Strategies of Immigrant Adaptation? José A. Cobas. Sociological Perspectives, Vol. 30, No. 2. (Apr., 1987), pp. 143-161.

Ethnic Hegemony and the Japanese of California. Robert M. Jiobu. American Sociological Review, Vol. 53, No. 3. (Jun., 1988), pp. 353-367.

Ethnicity and Entrepreneurship. Howard E. Aldrich; Roger Waldinger. Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 16. (1990), pp. 111-135.

Facts About Mexican Immigration Before and Since the Quota Restriction Laws. Louis Bloch. Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 24, No. 165. (Mar., 1929), pp. 50-60.

Illegal Immigrants, Health Care, and Social Responsibility. James Dwyer. The Hastings Center Report, Vol. 34, No. 1. (Jan. - Feb., 2004), pp. 34-41.

Immigrant Assimilation and Welfare Participation: Do Immigrants Assimilate into or out of Welfare? Jorgen Hansen; Magnus Lofstrom. The Journal of Human Resources, Vol. 38, No. 1. (Winter, 2003), pp. 74-98.

Structural Opportunity or Ethnic Advantage? Immigrant Business Development in New York. Roger Waldinger. International Migration Review, Vol. 23, No. 1. (Spring, 1989), pp. 48-72.

Immigrant Enterprise: A Critique and Reformulation. Roger Waldinger. Theory and Society, Vol. 15, No. 1/2, Special Double Issue: Structures of Capital. (Jan., 1986), pp. 249-285.

Immigrant Entrepreneurship and Business Patterns: A Comparison of Koreans and Iranians in Los Angeles. Pyong Gap Min; Mehdi Bozorgmehr. International Migration Review, Vol. 34, No. 3. (Autumn, 2000), pp. 707-738.

Immigrant Small Business and International Economic Linkage: A Case of the Korean Wig Business in Los Angeles, 1968-1977. Ku-Sup Chin; In-Jin Yoon; David Smith. International Migration Review, Vol. 30, No. 2. (Summer, 1996), pp. 485-510.

Immigration an International Problem. Donald R. Taft. Social Forces, Vol. 6, No. 2. (Dec., 1927), pp. 264-270.

Immigration and Population Trends in the United States, 1900-1940. Ernest Rubin. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Vol. 6, No. 3. (Apr., 1947), pp. 345-362.

Immigration and the Declining Birthrate. Maurice R. Davie. The Scientific Monthly, Vol. 19, No. 1. (Jul., 1924), pp. 68-76.

Immigration as a Source of Urban Increase. F. Stuart Chapin. Publications of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 14, No. 107. (Sep., 1914), pp. 223-227.

Immigrants’ Growing Role in U.S. Poverty Cited. By Michael A. Fletcher, Washington Post Staff Writer. Thursday, September 2, 1999; Page A2. www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv...mmig/immig.htm. Retrieved (1 of 3) 3/20/2007 6:03:38 PM

Immigration Policy Since World War I. Edward P. Hutchinson. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 262, Reappraising Our Immigration Policy. (Mar., 1949), pp. 15-21.

Is the New Immigration More Unskilled than the Old? Paul H. Douglas. Publications of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 16, No. 126. (Jun., 1919), pp. 393-403.

Japanese Americans: The Development of a Middleman Minority. Harry H. L. Kitano

The Pacific Historical Review, Vol. 43, No. 4. (Nov., 1974), pp. 500-519.

Job Transitions in an Immigrant Metropolis: Ethnic Boundaries and the Mixed Economy. Victor Nee; Jimy M. Sanders; Scott Sernau. American Sociological Review, Vol. 59, No. 6. (Dec., 1994), pp. 849-872.

Korean Businesses in Black and Hispanic Neighborhoods: A Study of Intergroup Relations. Lucie Cheng; Yen Espiritu. Sociological Perspectives, Vol. 32, No. 4. (Winter, 1989), pp. 521-534.

Limits of Ethnic Solidarity in the Enclave Economy. Jimy M. Sanders; Victor Nee. American Sociological Review, Vol. 52, No. 6. (Dec., 1987), pp. 745-773.

Middleman Minority Concept: Its Explanatory Value in the Case of the Japanese in California Agriculture. David J. O’Brien; Stephen S. Fugita. The Pacific Sociological Review, Vol. 25, No. 2. (Apr., 1982), pp. 185-204.

The Washington Post: Myth of the Melting Pot: America’s Racial and Ethnic Divides. www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv...t/melt0222.htm. Retrieved (1 of 10) 3/20/2007 6:00:09 PM

On the Study of Ethnic Enterprise: Unresolved Issues. José A. Cobas. Sociological Perspectives, Vol. 30, No. 4, The Ethnic Economy. (Oct., 1987), pp. 467-472.

Our Oldest National Problem. Alcott W. Stockwell. The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 32, No. 5. (Mar., 1927), pp. 742-755.

Paths to Self-Employment among Immigrants: An Analysis of Four Interpretations. José A. Cobas. Sociological Perspectives, Vol. 29, No. 1. (Jan., 1986), pp. 101-120.

Politics without Borders or Postmodern Nationality: Mexican Immigration to the United States. Arturo Santamaría Gómez; James Zackrison. Latin American Perspectives, Vol. 30, No. 2, Citizenship in Latin America. (Mar., 2003), pp. 66-86.

Problems in Resolving the Enclave Economy Debate. Jimy M. Sanders; Victor Nee. American Sociological Review, Vol. 57, No. 3. (Jun., 1992), pp. 415-418.

Problems of Korean Immigrant Entrepreneurs. Pyong Gap Min. International Migration Review, Vol. 24, No. 3. (Autumn, 1990), pp. 436-455.

Returns on Human Capital in Ethnic Enclaves: New York City’s Chinatown. Min Zhou; John R. Logan. American Sociological Review, Vol. 54, No. 5. (Oct., 1989), pp. 809-820.

Selective Immigration and the Needs of American Basic Industries. Magnus W. Alexander. Proceedings of the Academy of Political Science in the City of New York, Vol. 10, No. 4, American Economic Policies Since the Armistice. (Jan., 1924), pp. 102-115.

Six Problems in the Sociology of the Ethnic Economy. José A. Cobas. Sociological Perspectives, Vol. 32, No. 2. (Summer, 1989), pp. 201-214.

Social Capital and the Education of Immigrant Students: Categories and Generalizations. Pedro A. Noguera. Sociology of Education, Vol. 77, No. 2. (Apr., 2004), pp. 180-183.

Making It in America: Social Mobility in the Immigrant Population. George J. Borjas. The Future of Children, Vol. 16, No. 2, Opportunity in America. (Autumn, 2006), pp. 55-71.

Social Structure and Prejudice. Sheldon Stryker. Social Problems, Vol. 6, No. 4. (Spring, 1959), pp. 340-354.

Some Aspects of the Immigration Problem. Roland P. Falkner. Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 19, No. 1. (Mar., 1904), pp. 32-49.

The Antecedents of Mexican Immigration to the United States. Robert Redfield. The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 35, No. 3. (Nov., 1929), pp. 433-438.

The Changing Significance of Ethnic and Class Resources in Immigrant Businesses: The Case of Korean Immigrant Businesses in Chicago. In-Jin Yoon. International Migration Review, Vol. 25, No. 2. (Summer, 1991), pp. 303-332.

The Control of Immigration as an Administrative Problem. Paul S. Peirce. The American Political Science Review, Vol. 4, No. 3. (Aug., 1910), pp. 374-389.

The Fertility Contribution of Mexican Immigration to the United States. Stefan Hrafn Jonsson; Michael S. Rendall. Demography, Vol. 41, No. 1. (Feb., 2004), pp. 129-150.

The Industrial Significance of Immigration. W. Jett Lauck. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 93, Present-Day Immigration with Special Reference to the Japanese. (Jan., 1921), pp. 185-190.

The New American Immigration Policy and the Labor Market. Niles Carpenter. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 45, No. 4. (Aug., 1931), pp. 720-723.

The Origins and Persistence of Ethnic Identity among the “New Immigrant” Groups. David O. Sears; Mingying Fu; P. J. Henry; Kerra Bui. Social Psychology Quarterly, Vol. 66, No. 4, Special Issue: Race, Racism, and Discrimination. (Dec., 2003), pp. 419-437.

The Present Status of Our Immigration Laws and Policies. E. P. Hutchinson. The Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, Vol. 25, No. 2. (Apr., 1947), pp. 161-173.

The Relation of Oriental Immigration to the General Immigration Problem. J. Allen Smith. The American Economic Review, Vol. 1, No. 2, Papers and Discussions of the Twenty-third Annual Meeting. (Apr., 1911), pp. 237-242.

The Strange Career of the Illegal Alien: Immigration Restriction and Deportation Policy in the United States, 1921-1965. Mae M. Ngai. Law and History Review, Vol. 21, No. 1. (Spring, 2003), pp. 69-107.

The War and Immigration. Frank Julian Warne. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 61, America’s Interests after the European War. (Sep., 1915), pp. 30-39.

Toward a Unified Theory of Ethnic Antagonism: A Preliminary Synthesis of Three Macro Models. Jonathan H. Turner. Sociological Forum, Vol. 1, No. 3. (Summer, 1986), pp. 403-427.

9.1: Readings for Part I—Dominant and Minority Groups is shared under a CC BY license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Ruth Dunn.