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10: Reconstructing Socio-Political Organization
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- Describe the four categories used to characterize a political organization.
- Compare and contrast egalitarian, rank, and stratified societies.
- Explain some of the methods used by archaeologists to better understand the social characteristics of the societies they study.
- 10.1: Socio-political Organization
- Political organization describes how the people of a community organize themselves and their relationship with other communities around them. Archaeologists use a system of classification developed by anthropologist Elman Service. These levels of political organization are known as: bands, tribes, chiefdoms, and states.
- 10.2: Social Analysis
- When attempting to reconstruct the social and political organization of prehistoric societies, it can be a bit challenging. Archaeologists have to solely rely on the archaeological record that is recovered from the site. Archaeologists use a variety of techniques to identify the social dynamics of the past societies they study.
- 10.3: Chapter 10 Review
- Review important concepts and definitions of key terms.