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8.6: Chapter Glossary and References

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    Chapter Glossary of Key Terms

    Medical syncretism - Fusing of more than one medical practice, such as fusing spiritual and biomedical practices.

    Personalistic Systems - Where an illness is considered unique to the patient and medical practitioners often call upon supernatural forces to facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of disorders because the illness is caused by supernatural forces as well

    Ecological Footprint -The ecological footprint is a quantitative tool that is used to measure human demand on nature, an example would be how much people consume and how much waste they produce.

    Biomarkers - A measurable substance in an organism whose presence is indicative of some phenomenon such as disease, infection, or environmental exposure.

    Peyote - A healing substance that is native to Mexico and southern US, it is a hallucinogen, containing mescaline.

    Aphrodisiac - A food or substance that is believed to increase sexual energy or prowess

    Essential oils - A collection of natural oils that can be used in many different ways to help soothe or fix different types of sicknesses and pain.

    Humor - In the medical field, a humor is a type of fluid substance. It was once believed that one's health was connected to the balance of four particular humors in the body: phlegm, blood, black bile, and yellow bile.

    Medical Pluralism - Integration of biomedicine and other forms of healthcare.

    The Cure-All Herb - A common drinking herb know as kinkeliba, which is used by the west African population to help with colds, flues, and many other health ailments.

    Biopiracy - the exploitation of plant and animal species by foreign entities to restrict their general use

    Placebo effect - an effect that is due to the patient’s belief in the treatment

    Biocultural analyses - the relationship between human biology and culture. How evolution influences disease and how people interpret and explain these based upon their culture.

    Medicalization - the process of making a human condition and creating criteria to define it and then treat it as medical conditions to create prevention strategies, treatment, and study.

    The explanatory model of illness - How patients describe and evaluate their illness. Their view on their condition and their abilities to cope and the affiliation with the disease outcome.

    Cultural bound syndrome - A disease that is only recognized within a certain culture that has a combination of psychiatric and somatic symptoms


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