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18.7: Activities and Glossary

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    Review questions

    1. List and explain the four coordination elements.
    2. Define the three types of interaction roles.
    3. Describe the difference between a group, a team, and a speaking group.
    4. List and explain a characteristic of the three small-group leadership styles. 5. Define a skilled follower.
    6. What are the two most common categories of conflict?
    7. Describe the difference between process and product assessment.
    8. What are the four common types of group presentations?
    9. Define relevant messages.


    1. In small groups of 3-4 people, create a presentation about a social media (Facebook, Twitter, music downloads,Linkedin, photosharing, etc.) for a particular industry.

    2. Describe in your journal an instance when you were both successful and unsuccessful in using participatory communication— participatory communication modes such as a preparedness to listen, assertiveness, clear verbal and nonverbal communication, confidence and empathy.

    3. Before two focus groups, deliver a two-minute group presentation of a topic of your choice to a vocational audience and one to an avocational audience. Discuss the differences.


    Avocational Presentations

    Presentations outside of a specific occupation in which one engages.


    The tendency for a group to stick together and remain unified in the pursuit of its instrumental objectives.


    A structured argument in which participants speak for or against a pre-announced proposition. The proposition is worded so that one side has the burden of proof, and that same side has the benefit of speaking first and last. Speakers assume an advocacy role and attempt to persuade the audience, not each other.

    Delivery Outline

    An abbreviated version of the preparation outline.


    Essentially a question-and-answer format. One or more experts may be questioned by a panel of other experts, journalists, and/or the audience.

    Group Communication

    The process of creating meanings in the minds of others.


    A faulty sense of agreement that occurs when group members seemingly agree but they primarily want to avoid conflict.


    A structured conversation among a small group of people who gather to accomplish a specific task.

    Negotiating Strategy

    The overall approach you take when you exchange proposals and counterproposals with another person when discussing a settlement to a conflict.


    A group of experts publicly discussing a topic among themselves. Individually prepared speeches, if any, are limited to very brief opening statements.

    Preparation Outline

    A full-sentence outline of virtually everything the speaker intends to say. It allows speakers to test the structure, the logic, and persuasive appeals in the speech.


    Mutually agreed upon ways of interacting.

    Small Group

    Consists of three to fifteen people who share a common purpose, feel a sense of belonging to the group, and exert influence on each other.

    Small Group Interaction

    The process by which three or more members of a group exchange verbal and nonverbal messages in an attempt to influence one another.

    Social Loafing

    The decreased effort of each individual member as the number of a group increases.

    Speaking Group

    A collection of three or more speakers who come together to accomplish pre-assigned message content goals.


    A series of short speeches, usually informative, on various aspects of the same general topic. Audience questions often follow.


    A coordinated group of people organized to work together to achieve a specific, common goal.

    Vocational Presentations

    Presentations related to a specific occupation.

    This page titled 18.7: Activities and Glossary is shared under a CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Jennifer Wood@Millersville University (Public Speaking Project) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.