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Figure 2.4.1 Benjamin Bloom Image: Wikipedia
2.4.1 What is cognitivism?
2.4.2 Cognitivist learning theory
- cognitive (thinking)
- affective (feeling)
- psycho-motor (doing).
Figure 2.4.2 Cognitive domain
Image: © Atherton J S (2013) CC-NC-ND
2.4.3 Applications of cognitivist learning theory
- intelligent tutoring systems, a more refined version of teaching machines, based on breaking down learning into a series of manageable steps, and analysing learners’ responses to direct them to the most appropriate next step. Adaptive learning is the latest extension of such developments;
- artificial intelligence, which seeks to represent in computer software the mental processes used in human learning (which of course if successful would result in computers replacing many human activities – such as teaching, if learning is considered in an objectivist framework);
- pre-determined learning outcomes, based on an analysis and development of different kinds of cognitive activities, such as comprehension, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation;
- problem-based learning, based on an analysis of the thinking processes successful problem-solvers use to solve problems;
- instructional design approaches that attempt to manage the design of teaching to ensure successful achievement of pre-determined learning outcomes or objectives.
Activity 2.4 Defining the limits of cognitivism