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10.9: References

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    • Ulysses Acevedo & Kay Fischer

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    ACLU. (2012). SB 1070 at the Supreme Court: What's at Stake | American Civil Liberties Union. ACLU. Retrieved February 7, 2023, from

    ACLU. (2015, August 3). Third Grader Handcuffed in School [Video].

    ACLU and GHRC. (2022, June 15). Exploitation of Incarcerated Workers. ACLU. Retrieved January 23, 2023, from

    ACLU and The University of Chicago Law School Global Human Rights Clinic. (2022). Captive Labor: Exploitation of Incarcerated Workers.

    ACLU. 2023. Guantánamo Bay Detention Camp.

    Alexander, M. (2020). The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness: Vol.Tenth Anniversary Edition. The New Press.

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    Clinic. (2022). Captive Labor: Exploitation of Incarcerated Workers.

    Autistic Self Advocacy Network. (2016, March 10). ASAN Celebrates Dismissal of All Charges Against Kayleb Moon Robinson.

    Bauer, S. (2014, October 23). The Making of the Warrior Cop. Mother Jones.

    Blakemore, E. (2020, December 4). “California’s Little-Known Genocide.”

    bumba claat. (2013, June 29). Stratford High School, Goose Creek, South Carolina - Armed Police Invade [Video].

    The Creating Law Enforcement Accountability & Responsibility (CLEAR) Project of CUNY School of Law, the Muslim American Civil Liberties Coalition (MACLC), and the Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund (AALDEF). (2013). Mapping Muslims: NYPD Spying and its Impact on American Muslims.

    Castillo, A. (2021, June 15). California banned private prisons, immigrant detention centers. Will the law survive court? Los Angeles Times. (2022, 10 12). U.S. Constitution - Thirteenth Amendment | Resources | Constitution Annotated | | Library of Congress. Constitution Annotated. Retrieved January 23, 2023, from

    Cox, M. (2008). The Texas Rangers: Wearing the Cinco Peso, 1821–1900. Macmillan.

    Crenshaw, K. (2016, December 7). The urgency of intersectionality | Kimberlé Crenshaw. YouTube. Retrieved January 23, 2023, from

    Critical Resistance. (2022). What is the PIC? What is Abolition? – Critical Resistance. Critical Resistance. Retrieved January 23, 2023, from

    Curtin, M.A. (2000). Black Prisoners and Their World, Alabama, 1865-1900. University Press of Virginia.

    Davis, A. Y. (2003). Are Prisons Obsolete? Seven Stories Press.

    DiLulio, J. (1995). The Coming of the Super-Predators. Washington Examiner. Retrieved

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    DuVernay, A., Averick, S., and H. Barish (Producers), & DuVernary, A. (Director). (2016). 13th [Video]. Netflix.

    Ferris, S. (2015, September 5). UPDATE: How kicking a trash can became criminal for a 6th grader. The Center for Public Integrity.

    Furlow, B. (2023, January 27). A School Superintendent Says Our Story About Expulsions in His District Is Incorrect. Here’s Why He’s Wrong. ProPublica and New Mexico In Depth.

    Gardiner, D. and Neilson, S. (2022, July 14). ‘Are the police capable of changing?’: Data on racial profiling in California shows the problem is only getting worse. San Francisco Chronicle.

    Getachew, S. (2021, March 11). Oakland Eliminated its School Police Force - So What Happens Now? KQED.

    Goldman, A. and Apuzzo, M. (2012, August 21). NYPD: Muslim spying led to no leads, terror cases. The Associated Press.

    Golstein, J. (2013, August 12). Judge Rejects New York’s Stop-and-Frisk Policy. The New York Times.

    Gonzalez, J. (2001). Harvest of Empire: A History of Latinos in America.

    Haley, S. (2013). “Like I Was a Man”: Chain Gangs, Gender, and the Domestic Carceral Sphere in Jim Crow Georgia. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 39(1), 53-77.

    Haney-López, I. (2014). Dog Whistle Politics: How Coded Racial Appeals Have Reinvented Racism and Wrecked the Middle Class. Oxford University Press.

    Hernández, K. L. (2020). City of Inmates: Conquest, Rebellion, and the Rise of Human Caging in Los Angeles, 1771-1965. University of North Carolina Press.

    Jacobs, J and Furlow, B. (2022, December 21). How We Found the School District Responsible for Much of New Mexico’s Outsized Discipline of Native Students. ProPublica and New Mexico In Depth.

    Johnston-Dodds, K. (2002). Early California Laws and Policies Related to California Indians. California Research Bureau.

    Jones, C. (2022, June 16). At this Oakland high school, restorative justice goes far beyond discipline. Ed Source.

    Kaepernick, C. (Ed.). (2021). Abolition for the People: The Movement for a Future Without Policing & Prisons. Kaepernick Publishing.

    Kendi, I. X. (2016). Stamped from the Beginning: The Definitive History of Racist Ideas in America. PublicAffairs.

    Lee, J. (2015, July 14). Chokeholds, Brain Injuries, Beatings: When School Cops Go Bad. Mother Jones.

    Lopez, G. (2016, January 27). Why did police have military-grade equipment in the first place? Vox.

    McCleskey v. Kemp, 481 U.S. 279, 327 (1989), Brennan, J., dissenting

    Merriam-Webster. (2023, January 3). Criminalize Definition & Meaning. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved January 23, 2023, from

    Moulton, A. C. (2016). School of the Americas. In C. J. Magoc & D. Bernstein (Eds.), Imperialism and Expansionism in American History: A Social, Political, and Cultural Encyclopedia and Document Collection (Vol. 4, pp. 1373-1374). ABC-CLIO.

    Netflix Film. (2020, July 13). Does Slavery Still Exist in America? 13 Facts from 13th. [Video]. YouTube.

    New York Civil Liberties Union. (2019). Stop-And-Frisk in the De Blasio Era. American Civil Liberties Union of New York.

    PBS NewsHour. (2015, October 15). Is kindergarten too young to suspend a student? PBS NewsHour.

    Penn, C. (2020). Common and John Legend Deliver Moving Oscar Acceptance Speech After Win for ‘Glory.’. Essence Magazine.

    Pilkington, E. (2016, June 30). America's deadliest prosecutors: five lawyers, 440 death sentences.The Guardian. Retrieved November 26, 2022 from

    Pilkington, E. (2018, April 5). NYPD settled lawsuit after illegally spying on Muslims. The Guardian.

    Rios, V. (2011). Punished: Policing the Lives of Black and Latino Boys. NYU Press.

    Ritchie, A.J. (2017). Invisible No More: Police Violence Against Black Women and Women of Color. Beacon Press.

    Sen, R., & Mamdouh, F. (2008). The Accidental American: Immigration and Citizenship in the Age of Globalization. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

    Soto, K. P. (2004, March). Article | Sweet Deal, But For a Few. Bard College | La Voz. Retrieved January 23, 2023, from

    TODAY Online. (2018, June 14). Kim Kardashian West And Freed Inmate Alice Johnson Meet For The First Time | TODAY. YouTube. Retrieved January 23, 2023, from

    Tuttle, R. (2012, October 9). The Hunted and the Hated: An Inside Look at the NYPD’s Stop-and-Frisk Policy. The Nation. [Video].

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    VICE News. (2022, April 12). From Incarceration to Firefighter. YouTube. Retrieved January 23, 2023, from

    Vitale, A.S. (2017). The End of Policing. Verso

    Wakeling, S., Jorgensen, M., Michaelson, S., & Begay, M. (2001, July). Policing on American Indian Reservations. Office of Justice Programs. Retrieved January 23, 2023, from

    This page titled 10.9: References is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Ulysses Acevedo & Kay Fischer (ASCCC Open Educational Resources Initiative (OERI)) .