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17.3A: The Earliest Cities
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- Summarize the various beginnings of cities, from centers of agriculture to areas of protection, and the factors they need to be successful
- The very first cities were founded in Mesopotamia after the Neolithic Revolution, around 7500 BCE.
- Agriculture is believed to be a pre-requisite for cities, which help preserve surplus production and create economies of scale.
- Cities reduced transport costs for goods, people, and ideas by bringing them all together in one spot.
- Old World: The known world before the discovery of the Americas.
- Neolithic Revolution: The Neolithic Revolution or Neolithic Demographic Transition, sometimes called the Agricultural Revolution, was the world’s first historically verifiable revolution in agriculture.
- urbanism: the study of cities, their geographic, economic, political, social, and cultural environment
The Formation of Cities