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18.3B: Activity Theory
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- Compare the activity model and disengagement model of aging, in terms of activity level and level of life satisfaction
- The activity theory of aging proposes that older adults are happiest when they stay active and maintain social interactions.
- The theory was developed by Robert J. Havighurst as a response to the disengagement theory of aging.
- The disengagement model suggests that it is natural for the elderly to disengage from society as they realize that they are ever nearer to death.
- activity theory: Activity theory proposes that successful aging occurs when older adults stay active and maintain social interactions.
- Robert J. Havighurst: Robert James Havighurst (June 5, 1900 in De Pere, Wisconsin – January 31, 1991 in Richmond, Indiana) was a professor, physicist, educator, and aging expert.
- disengagement theory: The disengagement theory of aging states that “aging is an inevitable, mutual withdrawal or disengagement, resulting in decreased interaction between the aging person and others in the social system he belongs to.”