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- Apply the concepts of in-group favoritism and prejudice to a real-life situation
- When we meet strangers we automatically process several pieces of information about them, including the social categories of race, gender, age, sexual orientation, and ability.
- First impressions are often based on stereotypes. For example, we may have different expectations of strangers depending on their race, gender, age, sexual orientation, and ability.
- Prejudice is a negative attitude and feeling toward an individual based solely on one’s membership in a particular social group.
- Prejudice often begins in the form of a stereotype—that is, a specific belief or assumption about individuals based solely on their membership in a group, regardless of their individual characteristics. Stereotypes become overgeneralized and applied to all members of a group.
- stereotype: A conventional, formulaic, and oversimplified conception, opinion, or image of a group of people or things.
- prejudice: A positive or negative evaluation of another person based on their perceived group membership (e.g., race, class, or gender).