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5.4: Creating APA References Entries

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    Following is a list of sample citations for commonly used sources. Consult the current edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.) for a complete list of guidelines for formatting entries on the references page.

    Print Examples

    Single-Authored Book

    Hoppensteadt, F. C. (1997). An introduction to the mathematics of neurons: Modeling in the frequency domain. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

    Book with Multiple Authors

    Two or more authors

    Pandi-Perumal, S. R., Cardinali, D. P., & Chrousos, G. (2007).Neuroimmunology of sleep. New York, NY: Springer.

    Seven or more authors

    Krauss, H., Weber, A., Appel, M., Enders, B., Isenberg, H. D., Schiefer, H. G., . . . Zahner, H. (2003). Zoonoses: Infectious diseases transmissible from animals to humans. Washington, DC: ASM Press.

    Book by an Association or Organization

    American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

    Article or Chapter in an Edited Collection

    Riding, R. (2001). The nature and effects of cognitive style. In Sternberg, R. J., & Zhang, L.-F. (Eds.), Perspectives on thinking, learning, and cognitive styles (pp. 47-72). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

    Collected Content in an Edited Book

    Single editor

    Gray, W. D. (Ed.). (2007). Integrated models of cognition systems. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

    Multiple editors

    Reynolds, W. M., & Johnston, H. F. (Eds.). (1994). Handbook of depression in children and adolescents. New York, NY: Plenum Press.

    Article in Print Periodical

    With DOI

    Marsh, J. K., & Ahn, W. (2012). Memory for patient information as a function of experience in mental health.Journal of Applied Cognitive Psychology, 26(3), 462-474. doi:10.1002/acp.2832

    Without DOI

    Murphy, V. M. (1960). Anxiety: Common ground for psychology and sociology. The American Catholic Sociological Review, 21(3), 213-220.


    Electronic Examples

    Book in Electronic Form

    Levitin, D. J. (2002). Foundations of cognitive psychology: Core readings. Retrieved from

    Article in Online Periodical

    With DOI

    Oruç, I., Krigolson, O., Dalrymple, K., Nagamatsu, L. S., Handy, T. C., & Barton, J. S. (2011). Bootstrap analysis of the single subject with event related potentials. Journal of Cognitive Neuropsychology, 28(5), 322-337. doi:10.1080/02643294.2011.648176

    Without DOI

    Niccolai, V., Jennes, J., Stoerig, P., & Van Leeuwen, T. M. (2012). Modality and variability of synesthetic experience.The American Journal of Psychology, 125(1), 81-94. Retrieved from JSTOR database at

    Article from a Webpage

    By Multiple Authors

    Vorvick, L. J., Longstreth, G. F., & Zieve, D. (2011, January 10). E. coli enteritis. Retrieved from

    By an Organization/Group

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). Lead. Retrieved from

    Unknown Author, Unknown Date

    Water, carbon and nitrogen cycle. (n.d.) Retrieved from

    5.4: Creating APA References Entries is shared under a not declared license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

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