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6.9: References

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    • Mario Alberto Viveros Espinoza-Kulick & Teresa Hodges

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    Alexander, Michelle. 2010. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. New York: New Press.

    Black Girls Code. (2023, January 17). Retrieved January 17, 2023, from

    Bobo, Lawrence. 2017. Racism in Trump’s America: Reflections on Culture, Sociology, and the 2016 Us Presidential Election. British Journal of Sociology 68: S85–S104.

    Bonilla-Silva, Eduardo. 2013. Racism without Racists: Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.

    Burris, H. H., Passarella, M., Handley, S. C., Srinivas, S. K., & Lorch, S. A. (2022). Black-white disparities in maternal in-hospital mortality according to teaching and black-serving hospital status. Obstetric Anesthesia Digest, 42(2), 62–62. 1576–96

    Chacon, J.M. (2008). “Race as a diagnostic tool: Latinas/os an higher education in

    California, Post-209.” California Law Review. Vol 96, Issue 5. 1215-1258.

    Collins, L. (2002). Economies of the flesh: Representing the black female body in art In K. Wallace-Sanders (Ed.), Skin deep, spirit strong: the Black female body in American culture Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

    Darling-Hammond, L. (2010). The flat world and education: How America’s commitment to equity will determine our future. New York: Teachers College Press.

    Davidson, M.d.G. (2010). “You…you remind me of…”: A Black feminist’s rejection of the white imagination. In Carol E. Henderson (Ed.), Imagining the Black Female body: Reconciling image in print and visual culture New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 197

    Davis, A. Y. (Angela Y. (1983). Women, race & class (First Vintage books edition). Vintage Books, a division of Random House.

    Director/writer/producer. Julie Dash. (n.d.). Retrieved January 17, 2023, from

    Du Bois, William. 1903. Souls of Black Folk. Chicago: A.C. McClurg and Company.

    Eligon, John. 2018. Hate Crimes Increase for the Third Consecutive Year, F.B.I. Reports. New York Times, November 13.

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    Gray, H. (2005). Cultural moves African Americans and the politics of representation. University of California Press.

    Hill Collins, P. (2000). Black feminist thought : knowledge, consciousness, and the politics of empowerment (Revised tenth anniversary edition.). Routledge.

    Hodges, T. (2014) I’m Blacknpinay you cannot deny: Mixed Blasian women’s self-representation on youtube [Unpublished master’s thesis]. San Francisco State University.

    hooks, bell. (2000). Feminism is for everybody : passionate politics. South End Press.

    Hull, A.G. and Smith, B. (1982) “Introduction: The politics of Black women’s studies” in All the women are white, all the men are black, but some of us are brave: Black women’s studies edited by Hull, A.G.; Bell-Scott, P; and Smith, B. Feminist Press.

    Intersectionality: African American policy forum: United States. AAPF. (n.d.). Retrieved January 17, 2023, from

    Isensee, L. (2015, October 23). Why Calling Slaves “Workers” Is More Than An Editing Error. NPR.

    Katz, M.B.; Stern,M.J.; and Fader, J.J. (2005). The new African American inequality. The Journal of American History. v. 92:1.75-107.

    Lorde, A. (2007). Sister outsider: essays and speeches. Crossing Press.

    Muigai, W. (2022). Framing black infant and maternal mortality. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 50(1), 85–91. p. 86

    Johnson, R.N.; Mosqueda, C.; Ramon, A.-C.; and Hunt, D.M. (2008). “Gaming the system: Inflation, privilege, & the under-representation of African American Students at the University of California”. Research Report from Ralph J.Bunche Center for African American Studies at UCLA. Vol. 4 No. 1.

    Joseph, T., & Golash-Boza, T. (2021). Double Consciousness in the 21st Century: Du Boisian Theory and the Problem of Racialized Legal Status. Social Sciences, 10(9), Article 9.

    Robnett, B. (2000). How Long? How Long?: African-American Women in the Struggle for Civil Rights (Revised edition). Oxford University Press.

    Solorzano, D. G., & Ornelas, A. (2004). A critical race analysis of Latina/o and African American advanced placement enrollment in public high schools. High School Journal, 87(3), 15–26.

    U.S. Const. amend. XIII.

    Williams, David, and Chiquita Collins. 2001. Racial Residential Segregation: A Fundamental Cause of Racial Disparities in Health. Public Health Reports 116: 404–16.

    Zinn, Howard. (2015). A People’s History of the United States (Reissue edition). Harper Perrenial Modern Classics.

    This page titled 6.9: References is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Mario Alberto Viveros Espinoza-Kulick & Teresa Hodges (ASCCC Open Educational Resources Initiative (OERI)) .