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8.9: References

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    • Kay Fischer & Teresa Hodges

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    Beam, A. (2021, August 12). California’s Asian population soars, new census data shows. AP News.

    Brown Pulu, T. (2013). Climate-change blues: sustaining village life in Tonga. Te Kaharoa, 6(1).

    Bryant-Tokalau, J. (2018). Handling weather disasters: The resilience and adaptive Capacity of Pacific Island communities. In Indigenous Pacific approaches to climate change (pp. 59–73). Springer International Publishing.

    Budiman, A. and Ruiz, N.G. (2021, April 29). Key facts about Asian Americans, a diverse and growing population. Pew Research Center.

    Bui, T. (2018). The Best We Could Do. Abrams Comicarts.

    Camacho, K. L. (2021). Reppin: Pacific Islander youth and native justice. University of Washington Press.

    Cengel, K. (2018). Exiled: From the Killing Fields of Cambodia to California and Back. Potomac Books.

    Choy, C.C. (2022) Asian American Histories of the United States. Beacon Press.

    Dariotis, W. M., & Ueunten, W. (2010). Overview of War and Its Effects: Past and Present Issues Unresolved. In E. W.-C. Chen & G. J. Yoo (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Asian American Issues Today (Vol. 2, pp. 747-758). Greenwood Press.

    Democracy Now! (2012, August 23). Was Bay Area Radical, Black Panther Arms Supplier Richard Aoki An FBI Informant? 1 of 2. [Video]. YouTube.

    Dhingra, P. and Rodriguez, R.M. (2021). Asian America, 2nd Edition. Polity Press.

    Diaz, J. and Chappell, B. (2021, July 29). Gymnast Sunisa Lee’s Gold Medal Elates Her Hometown Hmong Community. NPR.

    Ding, L. (Director). (2001). Ancestors in the Americas [Video file]. CET Films. Retrieved December 9, 2022, from Kanopy.

    Enriquez, L. E. (2019). Border-hopping Mexicans, law-abiding Asians, and racialized illegality: Analyzing undocumented college students’ experiences through a relational lens. In Relational Formations of Race (1st ed., pp. 257–277). University of California Press.

    Espiritu, Y.L. (1992). Asian American Panethnicity: Bridging Institutions and Identities. Temple University Press.

    Fujino, D. C. (2014). Third World Unity. In X. Zhao & E. J. W. Park (Eds.), Asian Americans: An Encyclopedia of Social, Cultural, Economic, and Political History (Vol. 3, pp. 1103-1106). Greenwood.

    Gebeloff, R., Lu, D., and Jordan, M. (2021, August 21). Inside the Diverse and Growing Asian Population in the U.S. The New York Times.

    Gee, D. (Director). (2011). Slaying the Dragon [Video file]. Women Make Movies. Retrieved February 5, 2023, from Kanopy.

    Gonzales, R. (2012, October 3). Did Man Who Armed Black Panthers Lead Two Lives? NPR.

    Hall, L. K. (2015). Which of these things is not like the other: Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders are not Asian Americans, and all Pacific Islanders are not Hawaiian. American Quarterly, 67(3), 727–747. pp. 738-739.

    Henderson, A. K. (2011). Fleeting substantiality: The Samoan giant in us popular discourse. The Contemporary Pacific, 23(2), 269–302.

    Ho, F. (2012, August 21). Fred Ho refutes the claims that Richard Aoki was an FBI informant. San Francisco Bay View National Black Newspaper.

    House Committee on the Judiciary. (2021, March 18). Discrimination and Violence Against Asian Americans [Video]. YouTube.

    Kim, E.H. (Director). (2011). Slaying the Dragon: Reloaded [Video file]. Women Make Movies. Retrieved December 11, 2022, from Kanopy.

    Kochiyama, Y. (2001). Then Came the War. In P.S. Rothenberg (Ed.), Race, Class, and Gender in the United States: An Integrated Study, 5th edition (pp. 343 - 350). Worth Publishers.

    Lachica Buenavista, T. (2018). Model (undocumented) minorities and “illegal” immigrants: centering Asian Americans and US carcerality in undocumented student discourse. Race, Ethnicity and Education, 21(1), 78–91.

    Lee, E. (2002). The Chinese exclusion example: Race, immigration, and American gatekeeping, 1882-1924. Journal of American Ethnic History, 21(3), 36–62.

    Lee, E. (2015). The Making of Asian America: A History. Simon & Schuster Paperbacks.

    Lee, J.H.X. (Ed.) (2015). Cambodian American Experiences: Revised Printing. Kendall Hunt Publishing Company.

    Lee, J.H.X. (Ed.) (2018). Japanese Americans: The History and Culture of a People (pp. 88-89). ABC-CLIO. https://link-gale-com.chabotcollege....L&xid=8f8110ad

    Lobo, A., & Salvo, J. (1998). Changing US immigration law and the occupational selectivity of Asian immigrants. The International Migration Review, 32(3), 737–760.

    Mabalon, D. B. (2013). Little Manila is in the heart : the making of the Filipina/o American community in Stockton, California. Duke University Press.

    Monte, L.M. and Shin, H.B. (2022, May 25). 20.6 Million People in the U.S. Identify as Asian,

    Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander.

    Nakamura, M. (2010) Families precede nation and race?: marriage, migration, and integration of Japanese war brides after World War II. University of Minnesota.

    Nieto Del Rio, G.M., Sandoval, E., Berryman, A., and Knoll, C. (2021, May 11). What We Know About the Victims in the Atlanta Shootings. The New York Times. Retrieved May 8, 2023, from

    Ocampo, A. C. (2021, February 8). Why are there no Filipino nurses on medical TV shows? Colorlines. Retrieved January 17, 2023, from

    Oda, T. (2014). Preserving and revitalizing an ethnic urban neighborhood in transition: San Francisco’s Japantown better neighborhood plan. Jinbun Chiri, 66(1), 1–15.

    Okihiro, G. Y. (1992). Margins and Mainstreams: Asians in American History and Culture. University of Washington Press.

    Okihiro, G. Y. (Ed.). (2013). Encyclopedia of Japanese American Internment. Greenwood.

    Okubo, M. (2014). Citizen 13660. University of Washington Press.

    Perez, C.S. (2016). New Pacific Islander poetry: [Introduction]. Poetry (Chicago), 208(4), 373-377.

    Post 9-11 Backlash. South Asian Americans Leading Together.

    Raleigh, S.W. (1829). The Works of Sir Walter Ralegh. The University Press.

    Saelua, N., Wright, E. K., Kukahiko, K. T., Thornton, M. M., & Aina, I. (Sefa). (2017). Pacific islander education and retention: The development of a student-initiated, student-run outreach program for Pacific Islanders (pp. 121–137). In (Eds.) Museus, S. D., Agbayani, A., & Ching, D., Focusing on the underserved : immigrant, refugee, and indigenous Asian American and Pacific Islanders in higher education, IAP, Information Age Publishing, Inc. p. 123Shah, N. (2001). Contagious divides: Epidemics and race in San Francisco’s Chinatown. University of California Press.

    Said, E.W. (1979). Orientalism: Vol. First Vintage books edition. Vintage. EBSCOhost eBook.

    Sang-Hee Lee, S. (2014). The New History of Asian America. Routledge.

    Scharlin, C., & Villanueva, L. V. (2000). Philip Vera Cruz : a personal history of Filipino immigrants and the Farmworkers movement (3rd ed.). University of Washington Press.

    Schlund-Vials, C.J., Scott Wong, K. & Chang, J.O. (2017). Asian America : A Primary Source Reader. Yale University Press.

    Shimizu, G., & Ueunten, W. (2010). Japanese Latin American Redress for World War II Internment. In E. W.-C. Chen & G. J. Yoo (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Asian American Issues Today (Vol. 2, pp. 815-820). Greenwood Press.

    Strain, T.H. (Director). (2003). Race-The Power of an Illusion: Episode 2: the Story We Tell [video file]. California Newsreel. Retrieved December 19, 2022, from Kanopy.

    “Success Story of One Minority in the U.S.,” U.S. News and World Report (December 26, 1966), 73-78.

    Takaki, R. T. (2008). A different mirror : a history of multicultural America (First revised edition.). Back Bay Books/Little, Brown, and Company.

    Tajima-Peña, R. (2014). Chin, Vincent. In M. Y. Danico (Ed.), Asian American Society: An Encyclopedia (Vol. 1, pp. 185-187). SAGE Reference.

    Tamaira, A. M. K., & Fonoti, D. (2018). Beyond paradise? Retelling Pacific stories in Disney’s Moana. The Contemporary Pacific, 30(2), 297–327.

    Teaiwa, T. K. (2017). Charting Pacific (Studies) waters: Evidence of teaching and learning. The contemporary Pacific, 29(2), 265–282.

    Teves, S. N. & Arvin, M (2018). Decolonizing API : centering indigenous Pacific Islander feminism, In (Eds.) Fujiwara, L., & Roshanravan, S., Asian American feminisms and women of color politics. University of Washington Press.

    Trask, H.-K. (1993). From a native daughter: colonialism and sovereignty in Hawai’i. Common Courage Press.

    Thayer, R.P. (1990). Who killed Heng Lim? : the Southeast Asian experience of racial harassment and violence in Philadelphia. Online Archive of California.

    Wang, B. and Cheng, M. (2009). Aoki [Video file]. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from Kanopy.

    Welaratna, U. (1993). Beyond the Killing Fields: Voices of Nine Cambodian Survivors in America. Stanford University Press.

    “The White Man's Burden: The United States and the Philippine Islands”. (2013). In R. Parks (Ed.), American Eras: Primary Sources (Vol. 1, pp. 264-266). Gale.

    Wright, E. K. and Balutski, B.J.N. (2013) “The role of context, critical theory, and counter-narratives in understanding Pacific Islander indigeneity” In ( Eds.) Museus, S. D., Maramba, D. C., & Teranishi, R. T., The misrepresented minority : new insights on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders, and the implications for higher education (First edition). Stylus Publishing.

    Yang, K.K. (2008). The Latehomecomer: A Hmong Family Memoir. Coffee House Press.

    Yoo, G. (2012). The Not So Forgotten War: Narratives of Korean Immigrant Women. In G. Yoo (Ed.), Koreans in America: History, Identity, and Community (oo, 63-74). Cognella.

    Zia, H. (2010). Detroit Blues: “Because of You, Motherfuckers.” In J. Yu-Wen, S. Wu, & T. Chen (Ed.), Asian American Studies Now: A Critical Reader (pp. 35-54). Rutgers University Press.

    • Chou, R.S., Lee, K. & Ho, S. (2015). Asian Americans on Campus: Racialized Space and White Power. New York, NY: Routledge.
    • Fang, J. & Fine, G.A. (2019). What’s in a Name?: English Names, Transnational Identities, and Self-Presentation among Chinese Students in American Universities. Conference Papers -- American Sociological Association, 1–31.
    • Feagin, J.R. (2020). The White Racial Frame: Centuries of Racial Framing and Counter-Framing (3rd Ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.
    • Jung, Moon-Kie. (2015). Beneath the Surface of White Supremacy: Denaturalizing U.S. Racisms Past and Present. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
    • Kohli, R., & Solórzano, D.G. (2012). Teachers, please learn our names!: racial microagressions and the K-12 classroom. Race, Ethnicity & Education, 15(4), 441–462.
    • Kurashige, L. (2016). Two Faces of Exclusion: The Untold History of Anti-Asian Racism in the United States. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press.
    • Lee, E. (2002). The Chinese exclusion example: Race, immigration, and American gatekeeping, 1882-1924. Journal of American Ethnic History, 21(3), 36–62.
    • Lew-Williams, B. (2018). The Chinese Must Go: Violence, Exclusion, and the Making of the Alien in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    • Ling, H. (2009). Emerging Voices: Experiences of Underrepresented Asian Americans. New York, NY: Rutgers University Press.
    • Liu, M. & Lai, T. (2008). The Snake Dance of Asian American Activism: Community, Vision, and Power. Washington, D.C.: Lexington Books.
    • Love, E. (2017). Islamophobia and Racism in America. New York, NY: NYU Press.
    • Ly, K.C. (2003). “Asian”: Just a simple word. Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge, 2(2), 116–121.
    • National Asian Pacific American Legal Consortium. (1999). Audit of Violence Against Asian Pacific Americans: Challenging the Invisibility of hate, Seventh Annual Report 1999.
    • Ratner, S. & Abrams, J. (1997). Accountability for Human Rights Atrocities in International Law: Beyond the Nuremberg Legacy. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    • Quintiliani, K. (2009). Cambodian refugee families in the shadows of welfare reform. Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, 7(2), 129–158.
    • United States Department of State. (n.d.). Japanese-American Relations at the Turn of the Century, 1900–1922.
    • Williams, S. (2005). Genocide: The Cambodian experience. International Criminal Law Review, 5(3), 447–461.
    • Yang, C. (2020). The Peculiar Afterlife of Slavery: The Chinese Worker and the Minstrel Form. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.Eastman, J.C. (2006). From Feudalism to Consent: Rethinking Birthright Citizenship. Washington, D.C.: The Heritage Foundation.

    References & Recommended for Further Reading

    • Anderson, W., Johnson, M., & Brookes, B. (Eds.). (2018). Pacific Futures: Past and Present. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawai'i Press.
    • Wang, C. (2013). Transpacific Articulations: Student Migration and the Remaking of Asian America. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawai'i Press.
    • ​​​​​Aguilar-San Juan, K. (2009). Little Saigons: Staying Vietnamese in America. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
    • Chang, S.H. (2015). Raising Mixed Race: Multiracial Asian Children in a Post-Racial World. New York, NY: Routledge.
    • Enriquez, L. E. (2019). Border-hopping Mexicans, law-abiding Asians, and racialized illegality: Analyzing undocumented college students’ experiences through a relational lens. In Relational Formations of Race (1st ed., pp. 257–277). University of California Press.
    • Fojas, C., Rudy P. Guevarra Jr., R.P., & Tamar Sharma, N. (Eds.). (2019). Beyond Ethnicity: New Politics of Race in Hawai‘i. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawai'i Press.
    • Gates, P. (2019). Criminalization/Assimilation: Chinese/Americans and Chinatowns in Classical Hollywood Film. New Brunswick, CN: Rutgers University Press.
    • Ho, J. (2015). Racial Ambiguity in Asian American Culture. New Brunswick, CN: Rutgers University Press.
    • Hoskins, J.A., & Nguyen, V.T. (Eds.). (2014). Transpacific Studies: Framing an Emerging Field. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawai'i Press.
    • Inouye, D.H. (2018). Distant Islands: The Japanese American Community in New York City, 1876-1930s. Boulder, CO: University Press of Colorado.
    • Irwin, K. & Umemoto, K. (2016). Jacked Up and Unjust: Pacific Islander Teens Confront Violent Legacies. Oakland, CA: University of California Press.
    • Ishisaka, N. (2020, November 30). Why it's time to retire the term 'Asian Pacific Islander.' Seattle Times.
    • Kang, M. (2010). The Managed Hand: Race, Gender and the Body in Beauty Service Work. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
    • Kauanui, J.K. (2018). Paradoxes of Hawaiian Sovereignty: Land, Sex, and the Colonial Politics of State Nationalism. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
    • Khanna, N. (2011). Biracial in America: Forming and Performing Racial Identity. Washington, D.C: Lexington Books.
    • Kim, J. (2019). Postcolonial Grief: The Afterlives of the Pacific Wars in the Americas. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
    • Kina, L. (2013). War Baby / Love Child: Mixed Race Asian American Art. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.
    • Künnemann, V. & Mayer, R. (Eds.). (2011). Chinatowns in a Transnational World: Myths and Realities of an Urban Phenomenon. New York, NY: Routledge.
    • Kurashige, L. (Ed.). (2017). Pacific America: Histories of Transoceanic Crossings. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawai’i Press.
    • Lai, E.Y.P., & Arguelles, D. (2003). The New Face of Asian Pacific America: Numbers, Diversity & Change in the 21st Century. San Francisco, CA: AsianWeek, with UCLA's Asian American Studies Center Press, in cooperation with the Organization of Chinese Americans and the National Coalition for Asian Pacific American Community Development.
    • Ling, H. (Ed.). (2009). Asian America: Forming New Communities, Expanding Boundaries. New Brunswick, CN: Rutgers University Press.
    • Liu, B. (Ed.). (2017). Solving the Mystery of the Model Minority: The Journey of Asian Americans in America. New York, NY: Cognella Academic Publishing.
    • Low, S. (2019). Hawaiki Rising: Hokule‘a, Nainoa Thompson, and the Hawaiian Renaissance. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawai'i Press.
    • Lung-Amam, W. (2017). Trespassers?: Asian Americans and the Battle for Suburbia. Oakland, CA: University of California Press.
    • Murphy-Shigematsu, S. (2012). When Half Is Whole: Multiethnic Asian American Identities. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
    • Nguyen, P.T. (2017). Becoming Refugee American: The Politics of Rescue in Little Saigon. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.
    • Nishime, L. (2014). Undercover Asian: Multiracial Asian Americans in Visual Culture. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.
    • Parrenas, R. & Lok, S. (Eds.). (2007). Asian Diasporas: New Formations, New Conceptions. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
    • Ramakrishnan, K. & Ahmad, F.A. (2014). State of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders Series. Center for American Progress. Washington: DC.
    • Rondilla, J.L., Guevarra Jr., R.P., & Spickard, P (Eds.). (2017). Red and Yellow, Black and Brown: Decentering Whiteness in Mixed Race Studies Paperback. New Brunswick, CN: Rutgers University Press.
    • Saranillio, D.I. (2018). Unsustainable Empire: Alternative Histories of Hawai‘i Statehood. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
    • Schlund-Vials, C.J., Forbes, S.F. and Betts, T (Eds.). (2017). The Beiging of America: Personal Narratives About Being Mixed Race in the 21st Century. New York, NY: 2Leaf Press.
    • Strmic-Pawl, H.V. (2016). Multiracialism and Its Discontents: A Comparative Analysis of Asian-White and Black-White Multiracials. Washington, D.C: Lexington Books.
    • Tsui, B. (2009). American Chinatown: A People's History of Five Neighborhoods. New York, NY: Free Press.
    • United States Census Bureau. (2019). American Community Survey.
    • Warner Bros. Pictures. (2018). Crazy Rich Asians - Official Trailer. [Video]. YouTube.
    • Washington, Myra S. (2019). Blasian Invasion: Racial Mixing in the Celebrity Industrial Complex. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi.
    • Worrall, Brandy Lien. (2015). Completely Mixed Up: Mixed Heritage Asian North American Writing and Art. Vancouver, BC: Rabbit Fool Press.

    Works Cited & Recommended for Further Reading

    • Carnes, T. & Yang, F. (Eds.). (2004). Asian American Religions: The Making and Remaking of Borders and Boundaries. New York, NY: New York University Press.
    • Cho, S. (1997). Rice: Explorations into Asian Gay Culture & Politics. San Francisco, CA: Queer Press.
    • Chou, R.S. (2012). Asian American Sexual Politics: The Construction of Race, Gender, and Sexuality. New York, NY: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    • Duncan, P. & Wong. G. (Eds). (2014). Mothering in East Asian Communities. Bradford, ON: Demeter Press.
    • Eng, D.L. & Hom, A.Y. (Eds.). (1998). Q & A: Queer in Asian America. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.
    • Forbes, B.D., Mahan, J.H. (Eds.). (2017). Religion and Popular Culture in America. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
    • Fujiwara, L. & Roshanravan S. (Eds.). (2018). Asian American Feminisms and Women of Color Politics. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.
    • Hune, S. (Ed.). (2020). Our Voices, Our Histories: Asian American and Pacific Islander Women. New York, NY: NYU Press.
    • Kang, M. (2010). The Managed Hand: Race, Gender and the Body in Beauty Service Work. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
    • Jeung, R. (2004). Faithful Generations: Race and New Asian American Churches. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
    • Lee, J. & Zhou, M. (Eds.). (2004). Asian American Youth: Culture, Identity, and Ethnicity. New York, NY: Routledge.
    • Leong, R. (1995). Asian American Sexualities: Dimensions of the Gay and Lesbian Experience. New York, NY: Routledge.
    • Ling, H. (2007). Voices of the Heart: Asian American Women on Immigration, Work, and Family. Kirksville, MO:Truman State University Press.
    • Mishima, Y. (1988). Confessions of a Mask. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company.
    • Prasso, S. (2006). The Asian Mystique: Dragon Ladies, Geisha Girls, and Our Fantasies of the Exotic Orient. New York, NY: Public Affairs Publishing.
    • Quang, B., Yanagihara, H. & Liu, T. (Eds.). (2000). Take Out: Queer Writing from Asian Pacific America. New York, NY: Asian American Writers' Workshop.
    • Seagrave, S. (1992). Dragon Lady: The Life and Legend of the Last Empress of China. New York, NY: Knopf Books.
    • Seidman, S. (2002). Beyond the Closet: The Transformation of Gay and Lesbian Life. New York, NY: Routledge.
    • Shimizu, C. (2007). The Hypersexuality of Race: Performing Asian/American Women on Screen and Scene. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
    • Stevenson, M.R. (2003). Everyday Activism: A Handbook for Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual People and Their Allies. New York, NY: Routledge.
    • Tan, J. (1998). Queer Papi Pørn: Gay Asian Erotica. Jersey City, NJ: Cleis Press.
    • Toyama, N.A., Gee, T., Khang, K., de Leon, C.H., & Dean, A. (Eds.). (2005). More Than Serving Tea: Asian American Women on Expectations, Relationships, Leadership and Faith. Westmont, IL: IVP Books.
    • Valverde, K., Linh, C. & Wei Ming, D. (Eds.). (2019). Fight the Tower: Asian American Women Scholars’ Resistance and Renewal in the Academy. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
    • Wat, E.C. (2002). Making of a Gay Asian Community: An Oral History of Pre-AIDS Los Angeles. New York, NY: Rowman and Littlefield.

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