Skip to main content
Social Sci LibreTexts

9.8: References

  • Page ID
    • Teresa Hodges

    \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    ( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\)

    \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\)

    \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorA}[1]{\vec{#1}}      % arrow\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorAt}[1]{\vec{\text{#1}}}      % arrow\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorB}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorC}[1]{\textbf{#1}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorD}[1]{\overrightarrow{#1}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorDt}[1]{\overrightarrow{\text{#1}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectE}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash{\mathbf {#1}}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)


    Adam Ruins Everything: The disturbing history of the suburbs. (n.d.). YouTube. Retrieved January 17, 2023, from

    Akom, A. A. (2003). Re-examining resistance as oppositional behavior: The Nation of Islam and the creation of a Black achievement ideology. Sociology of Education, 76 (October). 305-325.

    Alba, R. (1985). Italian Americans: Into the Twilight of Ethnicity. Prentice Hall

    Alexander, M. (2010). The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. New Press.

    Amott, T. & Matthaei, J. (1991). Race, Gender, and Work: A Multicultural History of Women in the United States. South End.

    Anderson, J. (1988). The education of Blacks in the South, 1860-1935. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

    Anti-Defamation League. (2000). Anti-Semitism in the United States.

    Bates, T. (1975). Gramsci and the theory of hegemony. Journal of the history of ideas, 36(2), 351–366.

    Bernal, D. D. (2013). Critical race theory, Latino critical theory, and critical race-gendered epistemologies: Recognizing students of color as holders and creators of knowledge (2002). In Education feminism: Classic and contemporary readings. Thayer-Bacon, B.J.; Stone, L.; and Sprecher, K.M. (eds.). 390, 403

    Bernstein, R. (2011). Racial innocence : performing American childhood from slavery to civil rights. New York University Press.

    Better, S. (2007). Institutional Racism: A Primer on Theory and Strategies for Social Change, (2nd ed.). Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

    Blessing, P. (1980). Irish. In S. Thernstrom, A. Orlov, and O. Handlin (Eds.). Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups, Pp. 524–545. Harvard University Press.

    Bonilla-Silva, E. (2007). Racism Without Racists: Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in America. (2nd ed.). Rowman & Littlefield.

    Cabrera, N.L. (2012, Spring). Working through whiteness: white, male college students challenging racism. The Review of Higher Education, 35(3). 375-401.

    Collins, P. (1990). Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. Unwin Hyman.

    Collins, P. & Bilge, S. (2020). Intersectionality (Key Concepts), (2nd ed.). Polity Books.

    Darling-Hammond, L. (2010). The flat world and education: How America’s commitment to equity will determine our future. Teachers College Press.

    Davis, A. (1983). Women, Race & Class. First Vintage Books.

    Davis, K. (2007). A girl like me. Retrieved 2023, from

    Delgado, S. & Stefancic, J. (2001). Critical Race Theory. New York, NY: New York University Press.

    Delpit, L.D. (1988). The silenced dialogue: Power and pedagogy in educating other people’s children. Harvard Educational Review. 58.3.

    DiAngelo, R. (2018). white Fragility: Why It's So Hard for white People to Talk about Racism. Beacon Press.

    Du Bois, W.E.B. (1977). [1935]. Black Reconstruction: An Essay Toward a History of the Part which Black Folk Played in the Attempt to Reconstruct Democracy in America, 1860-1880. Atheneum, NY.

    Duvernay, A. & Moran, J. (2016). 13th. [Motion picture]. Kandoo Films.

    Evans, S.M. (1989). Born for Liberty: A History of Women in America. Free Press.

    Feinberg , W.and Soltis, J.F. (1985). School and society. Teachers College Press.

    Fenton, J. (2009, August 20). White supremacist held without bail in Tuesday’s attack. The Baltimore Sun.

    Forner, P.S. (1980). Women and the American Labor Movement: From World War I to the Present. Free Press.

    Frankenberg, R. (1993, November 1). Growing up white: Feminism, racism, and the social geography of childhood. Feminist Review, 45(1). 51-84.

    Freire, P. (2000). Pedagogy of the Oppressed. 30th anniversary ed. Herder and Herder.

    Goren, A. (1980). Jews. In S. Thernstrom, A. Orlov, and O. Handlin (Eds.). Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups, Pp. 571–598. Harvard University Press.

    Griffith, D.W., Dixon, T., & Triangle Film Corporation. (1915). Birth of a Nation. [Motion picture]. Triangle Film Corp.

    Griffin, J.H. (1961). Black Like Me. Houghton Mifflin.

    Hansen, M. (1938). The Problem of the Third Generation Immigrant. Augustana Historical Society.

    Healey, J.F. (2014). Diversity and Society: Race, Ethnicity, and Gender. Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publication.

    Healey, J.F., Stepnick, A. & O'Brien, E. 2019. Diversity in Society: Race, Ethnicity, Gender and Class, (8th ed.). Sage Publications.

    Healey, J.F., Stepnick, A. & O'Brien, E. (2019). Race, Ethnicity, Gender and Class: The Sociology of Group Conflict and Change, (8th ed.). Sage Publications.

    Ignatiev, N. (1995). How the Irish Became White. Routledge.

    Jones, K. & Okun, T. (2001). Dismantling Racism: A Workbook for Social Change Groups. ChangeWork.

    Jones-Rogers, S. (2019). They Were Her Property: White Women as Slave Owners in the American South. London, UK: Yale University Press.

    Jones, S. (2017, June 9). White men account for 72% of corporate leadership at 16 of the fortune 500 companies. Fortune.

    Kendi, I. (2020). How to Be an Anti-Racist. Random House.

    Konradi, A. & Schmidt, M. (2004). Reading Between the Lines: Toward an Understanding of Current Social Problems, (3rd ed.). McGraw-Hill.

    Ladson-Billings, G. & Tate, W. (1995, Fall). Toward a critical race theory of education. Teachers College Record, 97(1), 47-68.

    Lapchick, R. (2019, October 30). The 2019 racial and gender report card: national football league. The Institute for Diversity and Ethics in Sport.

    Lapchick, R. (2019, June 18). The 2019 racial and gender report card: national basketball association. The Institute for Diversity and Ethics in Sport.

    Levitsky, A. (2020, May 5). For the first time, white men weren't the largest group of U.S. hires at Google this year. Silicon Valley Business Journal.

    Linton, R. (1936). The Study of Man: An Introduction. New York, NY: Appleton-Century.

    Lipsitz, G. (2006). The possessive investment in whiteness : how white people profit from identity politics (Revised and expanded edition.). Temple University Press.

    McIntosh, P. (1988). white Privilege and Male Privilege: A Personal Account of Coming to See Correspondences through Work in Women's Studies. Working Paper 189.

    McIntosh, P. (2007). White privilege and male privilege: A personal account of coming to see correspondence through work in women’s studies. In M. L. Andersen & P. H. Collins (Eds.), Race, Class, and Gender: An Anthology, (6th ed.). Wadsworth.

    Moraga, C. & Anzaldua, G. (2015). This Bridge Called my Back: Writings by Radical Women of Color, (4th ed.). State University of New York Press.

    Morawska, E. (1990). The sociology and historiography of immigration. In V. Yans-McLaughlin, (Ed). Immigration Reconsidered: History, Sociology, and Politics. 187–238. Oxford University Press.

    Myers, J.P. (2007). Dominant-Minority Relations in America. Pearson.

    National Center for Education Statistics. (2017). Fast facts: race ethnicity of college faculty.

    National Museum of African American History and Culture. (n.d.). Talking about race: being anti-racist.

    Omi, M., & Winant, H. (2015). Racial formation in the United States, (3rd ed.). Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

    Pannu, K. (2017, August 14). Privilege, power, and pride: Intersectionality within the LGBT community. Impakter.

    Persell, C. (1977). Education and inequality. New York: Free Press.

    Portillos, E. L., González, J. C., & Peguero, A. A. (2012). Crime control strategies in school: Chicanas’/os’ perceptions and criminalization. The Urban Review, 44(2), 171–188.

    Saad, L.F. (2018). Me & White Supremacy. Layla F. Saad.

    Schaefer, R. (2019). Racial and Ethnic Groups, (15th ed.). Pearson.

    Scott, R. (2009, September). Appalachia and the construction of whiteness in the United States. Sociology Compass, 3. 83-810.

    Selzer, M. (1972). “Kike:" Anti-semitism in America. Meridian.

    Southern Poverty Law Center. (n.d.). White Nationalism. Southern Poverty Law Center.

    Stanley, C.A. (2006). Coloring the academic landscape: Faculty of color breaking the silence in predominantly white colleges and universities. American Educational Research Journal, 43(4), 701–736.

    Steinberg, S. (1981). The Ethnic Myth: Race, Ethnicity, and Class in America. Atheneum.Strmic-Pawl, H.V. (2015, January). More than a knapsack: The white supremacy flower as a new model for teaching Racism. Sociology of Race and Ethnicity, 1(1). 192–197.

    Takaki, R. T. (2008). A different mirror : a history of multicultural America (1st ed. rev.). Back Bay Books/Little, Brown, and Company.

    Tatum, B. (2017). Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria? (2nd ed.). Basic Books.

    Terry, R.W. (1981). The negative impact on white values. In B. P. Bowser & R. G. Hunt (Eds.), Impacts of Racism on white Americans (pp. 119–151). Sage.

    Ventura, C. A., Denton, E. E., & Asack, B. R. (2022). Implications of systemic racism in emergency medical services: On pre-hospital bias and complicity Comment. EClinicalMedicine, 50.

    Wallace, G. George Wallace 1963 Inauguration Speech. (n.d.). YouTube [Video].

    Whiteness - Sociology of Race - iResearchNet. (2020). Sociology.

    Wilkerson, I. 2020. Caste: The Origins of Our Discontents. Random House.

    Winant, H. (2002). The world is a ghetto: Race and democracy since World War II. Basic Books.

    Wise, T. (n.d.). Tim Wise on white privilege [Video]. YouTube.

    Wise, T. (2008). Speaking Treason Fluently: Anti-Racist Reflections from an Angry white Male. Soft Skull Press.

    Wise, T. (2011). White Like Me: Reflections on Race from a Privileged Son. Soft Skull Press.

    U.S. Census Bureau. (2010). Quick Facts, United States.

    This page titled 9.8: References is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Teresa Hodges (ASCCC Open Educational Resources Initiative (OERI)) .