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4: Remembering and Judging

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    • 4.1: Memories as Types and Stages
      Psychologists conceptualize memory in terms of types, in terms of stages, and in terms of processes. In this section we will consider the two types of memory, explicit memory and implicit memory, and then the three major memory stages: sensory, short-term, and long-term.
    • 4.2: Accuracy and Inaccuracy in Memory and Cognition
      In this section we consider some of the cognitive biases that are known to influence humans. Cognitive biases are errors in memory or judgment that are caused by the inappropriate use of cognitive processes. The study of cognitive biases is important both because it relates to the important psychological theme of accuracy versus inaccuracy in perception, and because being aware of the types of errors that we may make can help us avoid them and therefore improve our decision-making skills.
    • 4.3: How We Remember - Cues to Improving Memory
      Psychological research has produced a great deal of knowledge about long-term memory, and this research can be useful as you try to learn and remember new material. In this section we will consider this question in terms of the types of processing that we do on the information we want to remember. To be successful, the information that we want to remember must be encoded and stored, and then retrieved.
    • 4.S: Remembering and Judging (Summary)

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