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3.9: Introduction and Prenatal Development
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Introduction to Lifespan, Theories and Research, Beginnings (Lessons 1-3)
- Describe the study of human development.
- Distinguish between physical, cognitive, and psychosocial development.
- What are the stages of the lifespan? Describe these.
- What is meant by social class?
- What is a cohort?
- How might social class impact a person’s life chances?
- Compare research methods noting the advantages and disadvantages of each.
- What is confirmation bias and sampling bias?
- Distinguish between independent and dependent variables.
- Explain the conditions for establishing cause and effect relationships between variables.
- Define theory.
- Discuss in detail Freud’s theory of psychosexual development. Also explain the parts of the self, defense mechanisms, and fixation.
- 13. Describe Erikson’s psychosocial stages of development.
- Who is the father of developmental psychology?
- Explain classical and operant conditioning principles. Which names would you associate with each?
- Describe social learning theory including the concept of modeling.
- Explain Piaget’s theory of cognitive development including the concepts of schema, assimilation, accommodation, cognitive equilibrium and the stages of intelligence.
- Explain sociocultural theory of cognitive development.
- Explain the ecological-systems approach to development.
- What is the difference between genes and chromosomes? How do gametes differ from other normal human cells?
- What determines the sex of the child?
- Define polygenic and multifactorial.
- Distinguish between dizygotic and monozygotic twins.
- What is the difference between genetic and chromosomal abnormalities? List and describe some more common chromosomal abnormalities.
- What happens during conception? Distinguish between the zygotic (germinal), embryonic, and fetal periods of development. Give details.
- What is the age of viability? When is it?
- Discuss some of the problems facing newborns. What is the APGAR?
- Discuss some of the complications of pregnancy as well as a normal delivery.
- Characterize approaches to childbirth and a normal birth process.
- What are teratogens? Give examples.