Skip to main content
III: Human Evolution
- Last updated
Save as PDF
- define the basic Trends of human evolution: Bipedalism & Big Brains
- distinguish the Early hominins
- describe The genus Homo: Early Homo & Modern Humans
- relate Material & Aesthetic culture to hominin evolution
- 3.1: Trends
- There are a number of trends in the evolution of the proto-hominins to modern Homo sapiens. These traits do not occur all at once, but over millions of years.
- 3.2: Proto-Hominins
- In determining what fossil features denote a specimen is a hominin, many different characteristics are examined, including those related to bipedalism, about which you previously learned, and non-honing chewing. Apes have a canine-premolar honing complex, which means that there is a diastema between the lower canine lower third premolar where the upper canine fits when the jaws close. Other characteristics such brain and body size.
- 3.3: Homo Genus
- The emergence of the genus Homo marks the advent of larger brains, the emergence of material culture (at least material culture that survives in the archaeological record), and the eventual colonization of the world outside of Africa.
- 3.4: Material Culture
- The earliest evidence of material culture is in the form of stone tools found on sites dated to 2.4 millions years. This does not mean that early hominins did not use tools.