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17.6: Conclusion

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    We have suggested that a single type of meaning (source of information) can be contributed on two different levels or dimensions: truth-conditional vs. useconditional. In Chapter 18 we will argue that a similar pattern is observable with adverbial reason clauses. The conjunction because expresses a causal relationship, but this causal relationship may either be asserted as part of the truth-conditional propositional content of the sentence, or may function as a kind of illocutionary modifier.

    There is much more to be said about evidentials, but we cannot pursue the topic further here. In addition to the semantic issues introduced (all too briefly) above, the use of grammatical evidential markers interacts in interesting ways with discourse genre, world-view, first and second language acquisition, language contact, and translation, to name just a few.

    Further reading

    Aikhenvald (2004) is the primary source for typological and descriptive details about the meanings and functions of evidential markers, and for discussion of the other issues mentioned in the last sentence of this chapter. De Haan (2012) provides a useful overview of the subject, while de Haan (1999; 2005) discusses the relationship between evidentiality and epistemic modality.

    This page titled 17.6: Conclusion is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Paul Kroeger (Language Library Press) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

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