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1.1: OER Efficacy Frameworks
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- Cost – What are the financial impacts for students and other stakeholders of OER adoption?
- Outcomes – How does OER influence student academic performance?
- Usage – In what ways do faculty members, as well as learners use OER?
- Perceptions – What do faculty and students think about, and feel toward, OER?
- Success: Letter grades are used as the metric/indicator of success in this framework. Wiley suggests taking an average of grades across terms before the OER was introduced compared to after — noting that data from multiple terms would offer a more stable measurement.
- Scale: Wiley explains that scale is determined by counting the number of students enrolled in OER course sections. This includes the total number of students in all sections of courses, such as Intro to Psychology using OER, as well as the number of students in particular portions of such courses.
- Savings: The last element in this framework is savings. Wiley notes that “when calculated accurately, the savings measure takes into account several factors” including diverse pricing of materials and instances of zero spending on course materials. Savings are assessed by comparing the average expenditure of OER users with that of control students.
- How much does this innovation improve student success?
- How many students are benefiting from this innovation?
- How much money does this innovation save students?
Investment to Impact Framework
- Diversity in OER purposes in universities
- Invisibility of the re-usage
- Overlooking innovations
- Differences in the OER infrastructure and maturity of the implementation
- Huge methodological variety
- Visualization and presentation of results
Analysis of Frameworks