Skip to main content
Social Sci LibreTexts

7.9: Review Questions

  • Page ID
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)\(\newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    1. Which of the following makes it easy for a citizen to register to vote?
      1. grandfather clause
      2. lengthy residency requirement
      3. National Voter Registration Act
      4. competency requirement


    1. Which of the following is a reason to make voter registration more difficult?
      1. increase voter turnout
      2. decrease election fraud
      3. decrease the cost of elections
      4. make the registration process faster
    2. What unusual step did Oregon take to increase voter registration?
      1. The state automatically registers all citizens over eighteen to vote.
      2. The state ended voter registration.
      3. The state sends every resident a voter registration ballot.
      4. The state allows online voter registration.


    1. What effect did the National Voter Registration Act have on voter registration?
    2. What challenges do college students face with regard to voter registration?

    The main challenge is figuring out where students wish to register, at home or at college. Out-of-state students have an even greater challenge because they have moved across state lines.

    1. If you wanted to prove the United States is suffering from low voter turnout, a calculation based on which population would yield the lowest voter turnout rate?
      1. registered voters
      2. voting-eligible population
      3. voting-age population
      4. voters who voted in the last election
    2. What characterizes those most likely to vote in the next election?
      1. over forty-five years old
      2. income under $30,000
      3. high school education or less
      4. residency in the South


    1. Why do Belgium, Turkey, and Australia have higher voter turnout rates than the United States?
      1. compulsory voting laws
      2. more elections
      3. fewer registration laws
      4. more polling locations
    2. What recommendations would you make to increase voter turnout in the United States?

    To increase voter turnout in the United States, I would suggest these options: move to all-mail voting, hold elections on weekends, automatically register voters, and pass federal law that further reduces impediments to voter registration.

    1. Why does age affect whether a citizen will vote?
    2. If you were going to predict whether your classmates would vote in the next election, what questions would you ask them?

    I would ask them their age, educational level, interest in politics, income level, and whether they voted in the last election.

    1. A state might hold a primary instead of a caucus because a primary is ________.
      1. inexpensive and simple
      2. transparent and engages local voters
      3. faster and has higher turnout
      4. highly active and promotes dialog during voting
    2. Which of the following citizens is most likely to run for office?
      1. Maria Trejo, a 28-year-old part-time sonogram technician and mother of two
      2. Jeffrey Lyons, a 40-year-old lawyer and father of one
      3. Linda Tepsett, a 40-year-old full-time orthopedic surgeon
      4. Mark Forman, a 70-year-old retired steelworker


    1. Where and when do Electoral College electors vote?
      1. at their precinct, on Election Day
      2. at their state capitol, on Election Day
      3. in their state capitol, in December
      4. in Washington D.C., in December
    2. In which type of election are you most likely to see coattail effects?
      1. presidential
      2. midterm
      3. special
      4. caucuses


    1. What problems will candidates experience with frontloading?
    2. Why have fewer moderates won primaries than they used to?

    Candidates with extreme viewpoints gain media attention, and primary voters are more ideologically motivated than voters in other elections.

    1. How do political parties influence the state’s primary system?
    2. Why do parties prefer closed primaries to open primaries?

    Closed primaries do not allow voters affiliated with other parties to vote, thus keeping the decision inside the party.

    1. Susan is currently working two part-time jobs and is frustrated about the poor economy. On Election Day, she votes for every challenger on the ballot, because she feels the president and Congress are not doing enough to help her. What type of vote did she cast?
      1. retrospective
      2. prospective
      3. pocketbook
      4. straight ticket
    2. Which factor is most likely to lead to the incumbency advantage for a candidate?
      1. candidate’s socioeconomic status
      2. gerrymandering of the candidate’s district
      3. media’s support of the candidate
      4. candidate’s political party


    1. In what ways is voting your party identification an informed choice? In what ways is it lazy?
    2. Do physical characteristics matter when voters assess candidates? If so, how?

    Voters tend to vote for candidates who look attractive and competent. They may consider race, gender, height, weight, and other physical attributes.

    1. Which of the following is not a step in the initiative process?
      1. approval of initiative petition by state or local government
      2. collection of signatures
      3. state-wide vote during a ballot election
      4. signature or veto by state governor
    2. A referendum is not purely direct democracy because the ________.
      1. voters propose something but the governor approves it
      2. voters propose and approve something but the legislature also approves it
      3. government proposes something and the voters approve it
      4. government proposes something and the legislature approves it


    1. What problems would a voter face when trying to pass an initiative or recall?
    2. Why do some argue that direct democracy is simply a way for the wealthy and businesses to get their own policies passed?

    People of means can easily form interest groups to propose initiatives/recalls and that have the resources to pay for signature collection.

    7.9: Review Questions is shared under a not declared license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

    • Was this article helpful?