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13.12: References

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    154073
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    1. Obergefell v. Hodges, 576 U.S. 644 (2015).
    2. In cases of original jurisdiction the courts cannot decide—the U.S. Constitution mandates that the U.S. Supreme Court must hear cases of original jurisdiction.
    3. “The U.S. Supreme Court.” The Judicial Learning Center. http://judiciallearningcenter.org/th...supreme-court/ (March 1, 2016).
    4. Bernard Schwartz. 1993. A History of the Supreme Court. New York: Oxford University Press, 16.
    5. “Washington D.C. A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary.” U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/wash/dc78.htm (March 1, 2016).
    6. Chisholm v. Georgia, 2 U.S. 419 (1793).
    7. Associated Press. “What You Should Know About Forgotten Founding Father John Jay,” PBS Newshour. July 4, 2015. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/...ounding-father.
    8. “Life and Legacy.” The John Marshall Foundation. http://www.johnmarshallfoundation.org (March 1, 2016).
    9. Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 137 (1803).
    10. Stephen Hass. “Judicial Review.” National Juris University. http://juris.nationalparalegal.edu/(...ialReview.aspx (March 1, 2016).
    11. Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 137 (1803).
    12. Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 137 (1803).
    13. “The Common Law and Civil Law Traditions.” The Robbins Collection. School of Law (Boalt Hall). University of California at Berkeley. https://www.law.berkeley.edu/library...raditions.html (March 1, 2016).
    14. National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, 567 U.S. 519 (2012).
    15. Burwell v. Hobby Lobby, 573 U.S. 682 (2014).
    16. King v. Burwell, 576 U.S. 473 (2015).
    17. Elonis v. United States, 13-983 U.S. __ (2015).
    18. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v. Abercrombie & Fitch Stores, 575 U.S. __ (2015).
    19. Liptak, Adam. “Muslim Woman Denied Job Over Head Scarf Wins in Supreme Court.” New York Times. 1 June 2015. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/02/us...case.html?_r=0.
    20. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954).
    21. Gregg v. Georgia, 428 U.S. 153 (1976).
    22. Atkins v. Virginia, 536 U.S. 304 (2002); Roper v. Simmons, 543 U.S. 551 (2005); Kennedy v. Louisiana, 554 U.S. 407 (2008).
    23. Glossip v. Gross, 576 U.S. __ (2015).
    24. “October Term 2015.” SCOTUSblog. http://www.scotusblog.com/case-files...15/?sort=mname (March 1, 2016).
    25. Bucklew v. Precythe, 587 U.S. ___ (2019); Ian Millhiser, "The Constitution's ban on "cruel and unusual" punishment is in grave danger from the Supreme Court," Vox, 16 October 2019.
    26. Ian Millhiser, "The decline and fall of the American death penalty" punishment is in grave danger from the Supreme Court," Vox, 30 December 2020.
    27. Bureau of International Information Programs, United States Department of State. Outline of the U.S. Legal System. 2004.
    28. Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966).
    29. “State Courts vs. Federal Courts.” The Judicial Learning Center. http://judiciallearningcenter.org/st...ederal-courts/ (March 1, 2016).
    30. “State Courts vs. Federal Courts.” The Judicial Learning Center. http://judiciallearningcenter.org/st...ederal-courts/ (March 1, 2016).
    31. “U.S. Court System.” Syracuse University. http://www2.maxwell.syr.edu/plegal/scales/court.html (March 1, 2016).
    32. Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966).
    33. Paul R. Brace and Melinda Gann Hall. 2005. “Is Judicial Federalism Essential to Democracy? State Courts in the Federal System.” In Institutions of American Democracy, The Judicial Branch, eds. Kermit L. Hall and Kevin T. McGuire. New York: Oxford University Press.
    34. States of Nebraska and Oklahoma v. State of Colorado. Motion for Leave to File Complaint, Complaint and Brief in Support. December 2014. http://www.scribd.com/doc/250506006/...lahoma-Lawsuit.
    35. Joel B. Grossman and Austin Sarat. 1971. “Political Culture and Judicial Research.” Washington University Law Review. 1971 (2) Symposium: Courts, Judges, Politics—Some Political Science Perspectives. http://openscholarship.wustl.edu/cgi...=law_lawreview.
    36. “The U.S. District Courts and the Federal Judiciary.” Federal Judicial Center. http://www.fjc.gov/history/home.nsf/..._district.html (March 1, 2016).
    37. “Circuit Riding.” Encyclopedia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/topic/circuit-riding (March 1, 2016).
    38. “The U.S. Circuit Courts and the Federal Judiciary.” Federal Judicial Center. http://www.fjc.gov/history/home.nsf/...s_circuit.html (March 1, 2016).
    39. Benjamin N. Cardozo. 1921. The Nature of the Judicial Process. New Haven: Yale University Press. http://www.constitution.org/cmt/cardozo/jud_proc.htm.
    40. Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896); Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954).
    41. American Bar Association Coalition for Justice. 2008. “Judicial Selection.” In American Bar Association, eds. American Judicature Society and Malia Reddick. http://www.americanbar.org/content/d...thcheckdam.pdf.
    42. American Bar Association Coalition for Justice. 2008. “Judicial Selection.” In American Bar Association, eds. American Judicature Society and Malia Reddick. http://www.americanbar.org/content/d...thcheckdam.pdf.
    43. John M. Broder. “Edward M. Kennedy, Senate Stalwart, Is Dead at 77.” New York Times. 26 August 2009.
    44. Michael A. Fletcher and Charles Babington. “Miers, Under Fire From Right, Withdrawn as Court Nominee.” Washington Post. 28 October 2005. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn...102700547.html.
    45. Bureau of International Information Programs. United States Department of State. Outline of the U.S. Legal System. 2004.
    46. "Diversity of the Federal Bench." American Constitution Society. https://www.acslaw.org/judicial-nomi...federal-bench/ (June 1, 2021).
    47. Dahlia Lithwick. “Who Feeds the Supreme Court?” Slate.com. September 14, 2015. http://www.slate.com/articles/news_a...to_scotus.html.
    48. “Role of Supreme Court Law Clerk: Interview with Philippa Scarlett.” IIP Digital. United States of America Embassy. http://iipdigital.usembassy.gov/st/e...l#axzz3grjRwiG (March 1, 2016).
    49. “Supreme Court Procedures.” United States Courts. http://www.uscourts.gov/about-federa...rces/supreme-1 (March 1, 2016).
    50. Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973).
    51. ”Rule 10. Considerations Governing Review on Certiorari.” Rules of the Supreme Court of the United States. Adopted April 19, 2013, Effective July 1, 2013. http://www.supremecourt.gov/ctrules/...oftheCourt.pdf.
    52. Bush v. Gore, 531 U.S. 98 (2000).
    53. Gregory A. Caldeira and John R. Wright. 1988. “Organized Interests and Agenda-Setting in the U.S. Supreme Court,” American Political Science Review 82: 1109–1128.
    54. Gregory A. Caldeira, John R. Wright, and Christopher Zorn. 2012. “Organized Interests and Agenda Setting in the U.S. Supreme Court Revisited.” Presentation at the Second Annual Conference on Institutions and Lawmaking, Emory University. http://polisci.emory.edu/home/cslpe/...n_cwzpaper.pdf.
    55. “About the Office.” Office of the Solicitor General. The United States Department of Justice. http://www.justice.gov/osg/about-office-1 (March 1, 2016).
    56. Ryan C. Black and Ryan J. Owens. “Solicitor General Influence and the United States Supreme Court.” Vanderbilt University. http://www.vanderbilt.edu/csdi/archi...an%20Owens.pdf (March 1, 2016).
    57. Mark Joseph Stern., “If SCOTUS Decides in Favor of Marriage Equality, Thank Solicitor General Don Verrilli,” Slate.com. April 29, 2015. http://www.slate.com/blogs/outward/2..._marriage.html.
    58. “The Court and its Procedures.” Supreme Court of the United States. May 26, 2015.
    59. “Supreme Court Procedures.” United States Courts. http://www.uscourts.gov/about-federa...rces/supreme-1 (March 1, 2016).
    60. “Supreme Court Procedures.” United States Courts. http://www.uscourts.gov/about-federa...rces/supreme-1 (March 1, 2016).
    61. Jonathan Sherman. “End the Supreme Court's Ban on Cameras.” New York Times. 24 April 2015. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/24/op...o-cameras.html.
    62. Matt Sedensky. “Justice questions way court nominees are grilled.” The Associated Press. May 14, 2010. http://www.boston.com/news/nation/ar...s_are_grilled/.
    63. Bowers v. Hardwick, 478 U.S. 186 (1986).
    64. Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558 (2003).
    65. Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558 (2003).
    66. Worcester v. Georgia, 31 U.S. (6 Pet.) 515 (1832).
    67. “Court History.” Supreme Court History: The First Hundred Years. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt.../history2.html (March 1, 2016).
    68. Dwight D. Eisenhower. “Radio and Television Address to the American People on the Situation in Little Rock.” Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Eisenhower, Dwight D., The American Presidency Project. September 24, 1957. http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=10909.

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