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14.7: Key Terms

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    153929
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    amendatory veto
    a veto that allows a governor to send a bill back to the legislature with a message requesting a specific amendment
    charter
    a document that provides a framework and detailed account of local government responsibilities and areas of authority
    commission system
    an elected commission that serves as the governing body within a given county
    consecutive term limits
    caps allowing a member of the legislature to serve for only a specified period of time in either the state house or senate and forcing a wait before the member can run again
    council-administrator system
    an elected council that appoints an administrator to oversee the operation of the county government
    council-elected executive system
    a county government in which voters elect both the members of the council and the executive
    council-manager system
    a structure of government in which elected members of the city council appoint a city manager to carry out administrative functions
    delegate legislator
    a legislator who represents the will of those who elected the legislator to office and acts in their expressed interest, even when it goes against a personal belief about what is ultimately in the constituency’s best interest
    Dillon’s Rule
    a legal principle that holds state power and actions above those of local governments and declares state governments to be sovereign relative to local governments
    expressed powers
    those powers specifically provided to the Congress and the president in the U.S. Constitution
    formal powers
    those powers a governor may exercise that are specifically outlined in the state constitution or state law
    home rule
    principle that provides local governments some degree of independence from the state government, typically detailed in a charter
    implied powers
    those powers not specifically detailed in the U.S. Constitution but inferred as necessary to achieve the objectives of the national government
    individualistic political culture
    a culture that views the government as a mechanism for addressing issues that matter to individual citizens and for pursuing individual goals
    lifetime ban
    a rule that members can serve only one time in the state legislature for the number of years allotted and may not run again
    line-item veto
    a state governor’s ability to strike out a line or individual portions of a bill while letting the remainder pass into law
    mayor-council system
    a structure of government in which both city council members and the mayor are elected by voters
    moralistic political culture
    a culture that views the government as a means to better society and promote the general welfare
    pardon
    a governor’s action to absolve someone of blame for a crime and secure their release from prison
    reduction veto
    a governor’s authority to reduce the amount budgeted in a piece of legislation
    term limits
    rules that restrict the length of time a member can serve in the state legislature
    traditionalistic political culture
    a culture that views the government as necessary to maintaining the existing social order or the status quo
    trustee
    an officeholder who believes they were elected to exercise judgment and to know best by virtue of having the time and expertise to study and understand an issue

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